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Job 12:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, And the breath of all mankind?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In whose hand [is] the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In whose hand is the life of every living thing, And the breath of all mankind?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In whose hand [is] the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the spirit of all flesh of man.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the spirit of all the flesh of men.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In whose hand [is] the breath of every living thing, And the spirit of all flesh of man.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the spirit of all flesh of man.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In whose hand [is] the soule of euery liuing thing, and the breath of all mankinde.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Whereas the life of all living things is in his hand, and the breath of every man.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— In whose hand [is] the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In whose x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
[is] the soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
of every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
living thing, 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
and the breath 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
mankind. 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 12:10

_ _ the soul — that is, the animal life. Man, reasons Job, is subjected to the same laws as the lower animals.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 12:6-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
whose hand:

Numbers 16:22 And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation?
Daniel 5:23 But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath [is], and whose [are] all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:
Acts 17:25 Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things;
Acts 17:28 For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring.

soul:
or, life

the breath:

Job 27:3 All the while my breath [is] in me, and the spirit of God [is] in my nostrils;
Job 34:14-15 If he set his heart upon man, [if] he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath; ... All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.
Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Genesis 6:17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein [is] the breath of life, from under heaven; [and] every thing that [is] in the earth shall die.
Psalms 104:29 Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.
Psalms 146:3-4 Put not your trust in princes, [nor] in the son of man, in whom [there is] no help. ... His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.

mankind:
Heb. flesh of man,
John 3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:7; 6:17. Nu 16:22. Jb 27:3; 34:14. Ps 104:29; 146:3. Dn 5:23. Jn 3:6. Ac 17:25, 28.

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