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Job 11:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, And they shall have no way to flee; And their hope shall be the giving up of the ghost.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope [shall be as] the giving up of the ghost.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But the eyes of the wicked will fail, And there will be no escape for them; And their hope is to breathe their last.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope [shall be as] the expiration of the breath.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and [all] refuge shall vanish from them, and their hope [shall be] the breathing out of life.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, the eyes of the lawless, shall fail,—and, place of refuge, shall have vanished from them, and, their hope, be a breathing out of life.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the eyes of the wicked are consumed, And refuge hath perished from them, And their hope [is] a breathing out of soul!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But the eyes of the wicked shall decay, and the way to escape shall fail them, and their hope the abomination of the soul.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But the eyes of the wicked shall faile, and they shall not escape, and their hope [shall be as] the giuing vp of the ghost.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But safety shall fail them; for their hope is destruction, and the eyes of the ungodly shall waste away.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope [shall be as] the giving up of the ghost.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But the eyes 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
of the wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
shall fail, 3615
{3615} Prime
כָּלָה
kalah
{kaw-law'}
A primitive root; to end, whether intransitively (to cease, be finished, perish) or transitively (to complete, prepare, consume).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and they shall not escape, 6
{0006} Prime
אָבַד
'abad
{aw-bad'}
A primitive root; properly to wander away, that is lose oneself; by implication to perish (causatively, destroy).
4498
{4498} Prime
מָנוֹס
manowc
{maw-noce'}
From H5127; a retreat (literally or figuratively); abstractly a fleeing.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and their hope 8615
{8615} Prime
תִּקְוָה
tiqvah
{tik-vaw'}
From H6960; literally a cord (as an attachment (compare H6961)); figuratively expectancy.
[shall be as] the giving up 4646
{4646} Prime
מַפָּח
mappach
{map-pawkh'}
From H5301; a breathing out (of life), that is, expiring.
of the ghost. 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 11:20

_ _ A warning to Job, if he would not turn to God.

_ _ The wicked — that is, obdurate sinners.

_ _ eyes ... fail — that is, in vain look for relief (Deuteronomy 28:65). Zophar implies Job’s only hope of relief is in a change of heart.

_ _ they shall not escape — literally, “every refuge shall vanish from them.”

_ _ giving up of the ghost — Their hope shall leave them as the breath does the body (Proverbs 11:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 11:13-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 11:20

Fail — Either with grief and tears for their sore calamities: or with long looking for what they shall never attain. Their hope — They shall never obtain deliverance out of their distresses, but shall perish in them. Ghost — Shall be as vain and desperate as the hope of life is in a man, when he is at the very point of death.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 11:20

But the eyes (k) of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope [shall be as] the giving up of the ghost.

(k) He shows that contrary things will come to them who do not repent.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the eyes:

Job 31:16 If I have withheld the poor from [their] desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;
Leviticus 26:16 I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart: and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.
Deuteronomy 28:65 And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest: but the LORD shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind:
Psalms 69:3 I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: mine eyes fail while I wait for my God.
Lamentations 4:17 As for us, our eyes as yet failed for our vain help: in our watching we have watched for a nation [that] could not save [us].

they shall not escape:
Heb. flight shall perish from them,
Amos 2:14 Therefore the flight shall perish from the swift, and the strong shall not strengthen his force, neither shall the mighty deliver himself:
Amos 5:19-20 As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him. ... [Shall] not the day of the LORD [be] darkness, and not light? even very dark, and no brightness in it?
Amos 9:1-3 I saw the Lord standing upon the altar: and he said, Smite the lintel of the door, that the posts may shake: and cut them in the head, all of them; and I will slay the last of them with the sword: he that fleeth of them shall not flee away, and he that escapeth of them shall not be delivered. ... And though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they be hid from my sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I command the serpent, and he shall bite them:
Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him];

their hope:

Job 8:13-14 So [are] the paths of all that forget God; and the hypocrite's hope shall perish: ... Whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust [shall be] a spider's web.
Job 18:14 His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall bring him to the king of terrors.
Job 27:8 For what [is] the hope of the hypocrite, though he hath gained, when God taketh away his soul?
Proverbs 10:24 The fear of the wicked, it shall come upon him: but the desire of the righteous shall be granted.
Proverbs 20:20 Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.
Luke 16:23-26 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. ... And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that [would come] from thence.

the giving up of the ghost:
or, a puff of breath
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:16. Dt 28:65. Jb 8:13; 18:14; 27:8; 31:16. Ps 69:3. Pv 10:24; 20:20. Lm 4:17. Am 2:14; 5:19; 9:1. Lk 16:23. He 2:3.

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