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Job 10:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The land dark as midnight, [The land] of the shadow of death, without any order, And where the light is as midnight.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A land of darkness, as darkness [itself; and] of the shadow of death, without any order, and [where] the light [is] as darkness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The land of utter gloom as darkness [itself], Of deep shadow without order, And which shines as the darkness.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A land of darkness, as darkness [itself]; [and] of the shades of death, without any order, and [where] the light [is] as darkness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A land of gloom, as darkness itself; of the shadow of death, without any order, where the light is as thick darkness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A land of obscurity, like thick darkness, of death-shade and disorder, and which shineth like thick darkness.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A land of obscurity as thick darkness, Death-shade—and no order, And the shining [is] as thick darkness.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A land of misery and darkness, where the shadow of death, and no order, but everlasting horror dwelleth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A land of darknes, as darknes it selfe, [and] of the shadow of death, without any order, and [where] the light [is] as darkenes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— to a land of perpetual darkness, where there is no light, neither [can any one] see the life of mortals.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A land of darkness, as darkness [itself; and] of the shadow of death, without any order, and [where] the light [is] as darkness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of darkness, 5890
{5890} Prime
עֵיפָה
`eyphah
{ay-faw'}
Feminine from H5774; obscurity (as if from covering).
as x3644
(3644) Complement
כְמוֹ
k@mow
{kem-o'}
A form of the prefix K, but used separately (compare H3651); as, thus, so.
darkness 652
{0652} Prime
אֹפֶל
'ophel
{o'-fel}
From the same as H0651; dusk.
[itself; and] of the shadow of death, 6757
{6757} Prime
צַלְמָוֶת
tsalmaveth
{tsal-maw'-veth}
From H6738 and H4194; shade of death, that is, the grave (figuratively calamity).
without x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
any order, 5468
{5468} Prime
סֵדֶר
ceder
{seh'-der}
From an unused root meaning to arrange; order.
and [where] the light 3313
{3313} Prime
יָפַע
yapha`
{yaw-fah'}
A primitive root; to shine.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
[is] as x3644
(3644) Complement
כְמוֹ
k@mow
{kem-o'}
A form of the prefix K, but used separately (compare H3651); as, thus, so.
darkness. 652
{0652} Prime
אֹפֶל
'ophel
{o'-fel}
From the same as H0651; dusk.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 10:22

_ _ The ideas of order and light, disorder and darkness, harmonize (Genesis 1:2). Three Hebrew words are used for darkness; in Job 10:21 (1) the common word “darkness”; here (2) “a land of gloom” (from a Hebrew root, “to cover up”); (3) as “thick darkness” or blackness (from a root, expressing sunset). “Where the light thereof is like blackness.” Its only sunshine is thick darkness. A bold figure of poetry. Job in a better frame has brighter thoughts of the unseen world. But his views at best wanted the definite clearness of the Christian’s. Compare with his words here Revelation 21:23; Revelation 22:5; 2 Timothy 1:10.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 10:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 10:22

A land of darkness, as darkness [itself; and] of the shadow of death, without any (u) order, and [where] the light [is] as darkness.

(u) No distinction between light and darkness but where there is very darkness itself.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the shadow of death:
Where death projects his shadow, intercepting the light of life. Without any order, having no arrangement, no distinction of inhabitants; the poor and the rich are there, the king and the beggar, their bodies in equal corruption and disgrace. Where the light is as darkness, a palpable obscure, space and place, with only such a light or capability of distinction, as renders "darkness visible."
Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.
Job 34:22 [There is] no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
Job 38:17 Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death?
Psalms 23:4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou [art] with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
Psalms 44:19 Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.
Psalms 88:12 Shall thy wonders be known in the dark? and thy righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?
Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where [is] the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?
Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble upon the dark mountains, and, while ye look for light, he turn it into the shadow of death, [and] make [it] gross darkness.
Luke 16:26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that [would come] from thence.
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Jb 3:5; 34:22; 38:17. Ps 23:4; 44:19; 88:12. Jr 2:6; 13:16. Lk 16:26.

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