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Job 10:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Before I go whence I shall not return, [Even] to the land of darkness and of the shadow of death;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Before I go [whence] I shall not return, [even] to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Before I go—and I shall not return— To the land of darkness and deep shadow,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Before I go [whence] I shall not return, [even] to the land of darkness, and the shades of death;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Before I go, and never to return,—to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Before I go, and not return, unto a land of darkness and death-shade:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Before I go, and return not, Unto a land of darkness and death-shade,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Before I go and return no more, to a land that is dark and covered with the mist of death:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Before I goe [whence] I shall not returne, [euen] to the land of darknes and the shadow of death,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— before I go whence I shall not return, to a land of darkness and gloominess;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Before I go [whence] I shall not return, [even] to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Before x2962
(2962) Complement
טֶרֶם
terem
{teh'-rem}
From an unused root apparently meaning to interrupt or suspend; properly non-occurrence; used adverbially not yet or before.
I go y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
[whence] I shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
return, 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[even] to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of darkness 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
and the shadow of death; 6757
{6757} Prime
צַלְמָוֶת
tsalmaveth
{tsal-maw'-veth}
From H6738 and H4194; shade of death, that is, the grave (figuratively calamity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 10:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 10:21

Before I go [whence] I shall not (t) return, [even] to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

(t) He speaks this in the person of a sinner, that is overcome with passions and with the feeling of God's judgments and therefore cannot apprehend in that state the mercies of God, and the comfort of the resurrection.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I go whence:

Job 7:8-10 The eye of him that hath seen me shall see me no [more]: thine eyes [are] upon me, and I [am] not. ... He shall return no more to his house, neither shall his place know him any more.
Job 14:10-14 But man dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where [is] he? ... If a man die, shall he live [again]? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.
2 Samuel 12:23 But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.
2 Samuel 14:14 For we must needs die, and [are] as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither doth God respect [any] person: yet doth he devise means, that his banished be not expelled from him.
Isaiah 38:11 I said, I shall not see the LORD, [even] the LORD, in the land of the living: I shall behold man no more with the inhabitants of the world.

the land:

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.
Psalms 88:6 Thou hast laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps.
Psalms 88:11-12 Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? [or] thy faithfulness in destruction? ... Shall thy wonders be known in the dark? and thy righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?

the shadow:

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.
Psalms 23:4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou [art] with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where [is] the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 12:23; 14:14. Jb 3:5; 7:8; 14:10. Ps 23:4; 88:6, 11. Is 38:11. Jr 2:6.

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