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Jeremiah 7:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded not, neither came it into my mind.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they have built the high places of Tophet, which [is] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded [them] not, neither came it into my heart.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “They have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, which I did not command, and it did not come into My mind.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they have built the high places of Tophet, which [is] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded [them] not, neither came it into my heart.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded not, neither did it come up into my mind.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, To burn up their sons and their daughters, in the fire,—Which I commanded not, Neither came it up on my heart.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And have built the high places of Tophet, That [are] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, To burn their sons and their daughters with fire, Which I did not command, Nor did it come up on My heart.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Ennom, to burn their sons, and their daughters in the fire: which I commanded not, nor thought on in my heart.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they haue built the high places of Tophet which [is] in the valley of the sonne of Hinnom, to burne their sonnes and their daughters in the fire, which I commanded [them] not, neither came it into my heart.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they have built the altar of Tapheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom{gr.Ennom}, to burn their sons and their daughters with fire; which I did not command them [to do], neither did I design it in my heart.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they have built the high places of Tofeth, which [is] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded [them] not, neither came it into my heart.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they have built 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the high places 1116
{1116} Prime
בָּמָה
bamah
{bam-maw'}
From an unused root (meaning to be high); an elevation.
of Töfe± תֹּפֶת, 8612
{8612} Prime
תֹּפֶת
Topheth
{to'-feth}
The same as H8611; Topheth, a place near Jerusalem.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[is] in the valley 1516
{1516} Prime
גַּיְא
gay'
{gah'-ee}
Probably (by transmutation) from the same root as H1466 (abbreviated); a gorge (from its lofty sides; hence narrow, but not a gully or winter torrent).
of the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Hinnöm הִנֹּם, 2011
{2011} Prime
הִנֹּם
Hinnom
{hin-nome'}
Probably of foreign origin; Hinnom, apparently a Jebusite.
to burn 8313
{8313} Prime
שָׂרַף
saraph
{saw-raf'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively set) on fire.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
their sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
and their daughters 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
in the fire; 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
I commanded 6680
{6680} Prime
צוּה
tsavah
{tsaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
[them] not, x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
came 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
it into x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
my heart. 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 7:31

_ _ high places of Tophet — the altars [Horsley] of Tophet; erected to Moloch, on the heights along the south of the valley facing Zion.

_ _ burn ... sons — (Psalms 106:38).

_ _ commanded ... not — put for, “I forbade expressly” (Deuteronomy 17:3; Deuteronomy 12:31). See on Jeremiah 2:23; see on Isaiah 30:33.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 7:29-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 7:31

Tophet — It comes from Toph, a drum, because they beat drums to drown the children's screeches, when they burnt them in sacrifice upon the altars, called here high places, to Moloch. Tophet was situate in a pleasant valley near Jerusalem, a place in the possession of the children of one Hinnom, Joshua 15:8.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 7:31

And they have built the high places of (q) Tophet, which [is] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I (r) commanded [them] not, neither came it into my heart.

(q) Of Topheth, read (2 Kings 23:10).

(r) But commanded the opposite, as in (Leviticus 18:21, Leviticus 20:3; Deuteronomy 18:10).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the high:

Jeremiah 19:5-6 They have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire [for] burnt offerings unto Baal, which I commanded not, nor spake [it], neither came [it] into my mind: ... Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that this place shall no more be called Tophet, nor The valley of the son of Hinnom, but The valley of slaughter.
Jeremiah 32:35 And they built the high places of Baal, which [are] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through [the fire] unto Molech; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.
2 Kings 23:20 And he slew all the priests of the high places that [were] there upon the altars, and burned men's bones upon them, and returned to Jerusalem.
2 Chronicles 33:6 And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards: he wrought much evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.

the valley:

Jeremiah 19:2 And go forth unto the valley of the son of Hinnom, which [is] by the entry of the east gate, and proclaim there the words that I shall tell thee,
Joshua 15:8 And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same [is] Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that [lieth] before the valley of Hinnom westward, which [is] at the end of the valley of the giants northward:
2 Chronicles 28:3 Moreover he burnt incense in the valley of the son of Hinnom, and burnt his children in the fire, after the abominations of the heathen whom the LORD had cast out before the children of Israel.

to burn:

Deuteronomy 12:31 Thou shalt not do so unto the LORD thy God: for every abomination to the LORD, which he hateth, have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters they have burnt in the fire to their gods.
2 Kings 17:17 And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
Psalms 106:37-38 Yea, they sacrificed their sons and their daughters unto devils, ... And shed innocent blood, [even] the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they sacrificed unto the idols of Canaan: and the land was polluted with blood.
Ezekiel 16:20 Moreover thou hast taken thy sons and thy daughters, whom thou hast borne unto me, and these hast thou sacrificed unto them to be devoured. [Is this] of thy whoredoms a small matter,

which I:

Leviticus 18:21 And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through [the fire] to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I [am] the LORD.
Leviticus 20:1-5 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... Then I will set my face against that man, and against his family, and will cut him off, and all that go a whoring after him, to commit whoredom with Molech, from among their people.
Deuteronomy 17:3 And hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

came it into:
Heb. came it upon
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 18:21; 20:1. Dt 12:31; 17:3. Jsh 15:8. 2K 17:17; 23:20. 2Ch 28:3; 33:6. Ps 106:37. Jr 19:2, 5; 32:35. Ezk 16:20.

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