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Jeremiah 52:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah the second priest, with the three officers of the temple.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the captain of the body-guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three doorkeepers.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the chief of the royal executioners, took away, Seraiah, the first, priest, and Zephaniah, the second, priest,—and the three keepers of the entrance-hall;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the chief of the executioners taketh Seraiah the head priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the general took Saraias the chief priest, and Sophonias the second priest, and the three keepers of the entry.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the captaine of the guard tooke Seraiah the chiefe Priest, and Zephaniah the second Priest, and the three keepers of the doore.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the captain of the guard took the chief priest, and the second priest, and those that kept the way;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the captain of the guard took Serayah the chief priest, and Tzefanyah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the captain 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
of the guard 2876
{2876} Prime
טַבָּח
tabbach
{tab-bawkh'}
From H2873; properly a butcher; hence a lifeguardsman (because acting as executioner); also a cook (as usually slaughtering the animal for food).
took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
ry שְׂרָיָה 8304
{8304} Prime
שְׂרָיָה
S@rayah
{ser-aw-yaw'}
From H8280 and H3050; Jah has prevailed; Serajah, the name of nine Israelites.
the chief 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
priest, 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
and Xfany צְפַניָה 6846
{6846} Prime
צְפַנְיָה
Ts@phanyah
{tsef-an-yaw'}
From H6845 and H3050; Jah has secreted; Tsephanjah, the name of four Israelites.
the second 4932
{4932} Prime
מִשְׁנֶה
mishneh
{mish-neh'}
From H8138; properly a repetition, that is, a duplicate (copy of a document), or a double (in amount); by implication a second (in order, rank, age, quality or location).
priest, 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
and the three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
keepers 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of the door: 5592
{5592} Prime
סַף
caph
{saf}
From H5605, in its original sense of containing; a vestibule (as a limit); also a dish (for holding blood or wine).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 52:24

_ _ Seraiah — different from the Seraiah (Jeremiah 51:59), son of Neriah; probably son of Azariah (1 Chronicles 6:14).

_ _ Zephaniah — son of Maaseiah (see on Jeremiah 21:1; see on Jeremiah 29:25).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Jeremiah 52:24-30

_ _ We have here a very melancholy account, 1. Of the slaughter of some great men, in cold blood, at Riblah, seventy-two in number (according to the number of the elders of Israel, Numbers 11:24, Numbers 11:25), so they are computed, 2 Kings 25:18, 2 Kings 25:19. We read there of five out of the temple, two out of the city, five out of the court, and sixty out of the country. The account here agrees with that, except in one article; there it is said that there were five, here there were seven, of those that were near the king, which Dr. Lightfoot reconciles thus, that he took away seven of those that were near the king, but two of them were Jeremiah himself and Ebed-melech, who were both discharged, as we have read before, so that there were only five of them put to death, and so the number was reduced to seventy-two, some of all ranks, for they had all corrupted their way; and it is probable that such were made examples of as had been most forward to excite and promote the rebellion against the king of Babylon. Seraiah the chief priest is put first, whose sacred character could not exempt him from this stroke; how should it, when he himself had profaned it by sin? Seraiah the prince was a quiet prince (Jeremiah 51:59), but perhaps Seraiah the priest was not so, but unquiet and turbulent, by which he had made himself obnoxious to the king of Babylon. The leaders of this people had caused them to err, and now they are in a particular manner made monuments of divine justice. 2. Of the captivity of the rest. Come and see how Judah was carried away captive out of his own land (Jeremiah 52:27), and how it spued them out as it spued out the Canaanites that went before them, which God had told them it would certainly do if they trod in their steps and copied out their abominations, Leviticus 18:28. Now here is an account, (1.) Of two captivities which we had an account of before, one in the seventh year of Nebuchadnezzar (the same with that which is said to be in his eighth year, 2 Kings 24:12), another in his eighteenth year, the same with that which is said (Jeremiah 52:12) to be in his nineteenth year. But the sums here are very small, in comparison with what we find expressed concerning the former (2 Kings 24:14, 2 Kings 24:16), when there were 18,000 carried captive, whereas here they are said to be 3023; they are also small in comparison with what we may reasonably suppose concerning the latter; for, when all the residue of the people were carried away (Jeremiah 52:15), one would think there should be more than 832 souls; therefore Dr. Lightfoot conjectures that, these accounts being joined to the story of the putting to death of the great men at Riblah, all that are here said to be carried away were put to death as rebels. (2.) Of a third captivity, not mentioned before, which was in the twenty-third year of Nebuchadnezzar, four years after the destruction of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 52:30): Then Nebuzaradan came, and carried away 745 Jews; it is probable that this was done in revenge of the murder of Gedaliah, which was another rebellion against the king of Babylon, and that those who were now taken were aiders and abetters of Ishmael in that murder, and were not only carried away, but put to death for it; yet this is uncertain. If this be the sum total of the captives (all the persons were 4600, Jeremiah 52:30), we may see how strangely they were reduced from what they had been, and may wonder as much how they came to be so numerous again as afterwards we find them; for it should seem that, as at first in Egypt, so again in Babylon, the Lord made them fruitful in the land of their affliction, and the more they were oppressed the more they multiplied. And the truth is, this people were often miracles both of judgment and mercy.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 52:24

Three — It is probable there were more keepers of the door, but the captain of the guard took only three of the chief.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 52:24

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah (k) the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

(k) Which served in the high priests stead, if he had any necessary impediment.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the captain:

Jeremiah 52:12 Now in the fifth month, in the tenth [day] of the month, which [was] the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, [which] served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem,
Jeremiah 52:15 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive [certain] of the poor of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the multitude.
2 Kings 25:18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

Seraiah:

1 Chronicles 6:14 And Azariah begat Seraiah, and Seraiah begat Jehozadak,
Ezra 7:1 Now after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia, Ezra the son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah,

Zephaniah:

Jeremiah 21:1 The word which came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, when king Zedekiah sent unto him Pashur the son of Melchiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, saying,
Jeremiah 29:25 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying, Because thou hast sent letters in thy name unto all the people that [are] at Jerusalem, and to Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, and to all the priests, saying,
Jeremiah 29:29 And Zephaniah the priest read this letter in the ears of Jeremiah the prophet.
Jeremiah 37:3 And Zedekiah the king sent Jehucal the son of Shelemiah and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest to the prophet Jeremiah, saying, Pray now unto the LORD our God for us.
2 Kings 25:18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

door:
Heb. threshold,
Jeremiah 35:4 And I brought them into the house of the LORD, into the chamber of the sons of Hanan, the son of Igdaliah, a man of God, which [was] by the chamber of the princes, which [was] above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, the keeper of the door:
1 Chronicles 9:19-26 And Shallum the son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brethren, of the house of his father, the Korahites, [were] over the work of the service, keepers of the gates of the tabernacle: and their fathers, [being] over the host of the LORD, [were] keepers of the entry. ... For these Levites, the four chief porters, were in [their] set office, and were over the chambers and treasuries of the house of God.
Psalms 84:10 For a day in thy courts [is] better than a thousand. I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.
*marg.
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2K 25:18. 1Ch 6:14; 9:19. Ezr 7:1. Ps 84:10. Jr 21:1; 29:25, 29; 35:4; 37:3; 52:12, 15.

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