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Jeremiah 51:58 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thus saith Jehovah of hosts: The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly overthrown, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the peoples shall labor for vanity, and the nations for the fire; and they shall be weary.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the people shall labour in vain, and the folk in the fire, and they shall be weary.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Thus says the LORD of hosts, “The broad wall of Babylon will be completely razed And her high gates will be set on fire; So the peoples will toil for nothing, And the nations become exhausted [only] for fire.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the people shall labor in vain, and the people in the fire, and they shall be weary.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thus saith Jehovah of hosts: The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly laid bare, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; so that the peoples will have laboured in vain, and the nations for the fire: and they shall be weary.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thus, saith Yahweh of hosts—The broad walls of Babylon, shall be, laid utterly bare, And, her lofty gates, with fire, shall be burned,—And peoples shall labour for emptiness, And, populations, for the fire, shall weary themselves.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thus said Jehovah of Hosts, the wall of Babylon—The broad one—is utterly made bare, And her high gates with fire are burnt, And peoples labour in vain, And nations in fire, and have been weary!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thus saith the Lord of hosts: That broad wall of Babylon shall be utterly broken down, and her high gates shall be burnt with fire, and the labours of the people shall come to nothing, and of the nations shall go to the fire, and shall perish.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thus saith the LORD of hosts, The broad walles of Babylon shalbe vtterly broken, and her high gates shal be burnt with fire, and the people shall labour in vaine, and the folke in the fire, and they shall be weary.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thus saith the Lord, The wall of Babylon was made broad, but it shall be completely broken down, and her high gates shall be burnt with fire; and the peoples shall not labour in vain, nor the nations fail in [their] rule.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thus saith Yahweh Tzevaoth; The broad walls of Bavel shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the people shall labour in vain, and the folk in the fire, and they shall be weary.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
כֹּה
koh
{ko}
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Xv צְבָאוֹת; 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
The broad 7342
{7342} Prime
רָחָב
rachab
{raw-khawb'}
From H7337; roomy, in any (or every) direction, literally or figuratively.
walls 2346
{2346} Prime
חוֹמָה
chowmah
{kho-maw'}
Feminine active participle of an unused root apparently meaning to join; a wall of protection.
of Bvel בָּבֶל 894
{0894} Prime
בָּבֶל
Babel
{baw-bel'}
From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire.
shall be utterly y6209
[6209] Standard
עָרַר
`arar
{aw-rar'}
A primitive root; to bare; figuratively to demolish.
z8771
<8771> Grammar
Stem - Pilpel (See H8842)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 7
broken, 6209
{6209} Prime
עָרַר
`arar
{aw-rar'}
A primitive root; to bare; figuratively to demolish.
z8698
<8698> Grammar
Stem - Hithpalpel (See H8821)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 12
and her high 1364
{1364} Prime
גָּבֹהַּ
gaboahh
{gaw-bo'-ah}
From H1361; elevated (or elated), powerful, arrogant.
gates 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
shall be burned 3341
{3341} Prime
יָצַת
yatsath
{yaw-tsath'}
A primitive root; to burn or set on fire; figuratively to desolate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
with fire; 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
and the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
shall labour 3021
{3021} Prime
יָגַע
yaga`
{yaw-gah'}
A primitive root; properly to gasp; hence to be exhausted, to tire, to toil.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in vain, 7385
{7385} Prime
רִיק
riyq
{reek}
From H7324; emptiness; figuratively a worthless thing; adverbially in vain.
and the folk 3816
{3816} Prime
לְאֹם
l@om
{leh-ome'}
From an unused root meaning to gather; a community.
in y1767
[1767] Standard
דַּי
day
{dahee}
Of uncertain derivation; enough (as noun or adverb), used chiefly with preposition in phrases.
the fire, 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
and they shall be weary. 3286
{3286} Prime
יָעַף
ya`aph
{yaw-af'}
A primitive root; to tire (as if from wearisome flight).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 51:58

_ _ broad walls — eighty-seven feet broad [Rosenmuller]; fifty cubits [Grotius]. A chariot of four horses abreast could meet another on it without collision. The walls were two hundred cubits high, and four hundred and eighty-five stadia, or sixty miles in extent.

_ _ gates — one hundred in number, of brass; twenty-five on each of the four sides, the city being square; between the gates were two hundred and fifty towers. Berosus says triple walls encompassed the outer, and the same number the inner city. Cyrus caused the outer walls to be demolished. Taking the extent of the walls to be three hundred and sixty-five stadia, as Diodorus states, it is said two hundred thousand men completed a stadium each day, so that the whole was completed in one year.

_ _ labour ... in the fire — The event will show that the builders of the walls have “labored” only for the “fire” in which they shall be consumed, “In the fire” answers to the parallel, “burned with fire.” Translate, “shall have labored in vain,” etc. Compare Job 3:14, “built desolate places for themselves,” that is, grand places, soon about to be desolate ruins. Jeremiah has in view here Habakkuk 2:13.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 51:1-58.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 51:58

Weary — Though the people should labour to quench this fire, or to rebuild this city, yet it would be all lost labour.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 51:58

Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The (i) broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the people shall labour in vain, and the people in the fire, and they shall be weary.

(i) The thickness of the wall was fifty feet.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The broad walls of Babylon:
or, The walls of broad Babylon, According to the testimony of Herodotus, the circumference of the walls of Babylon was 480 stadia, or 60 miles, their breadth 50 cubits, and their height 200 cubits; but when Darius became master of the place, bc 516, he took away all their 100 gates of brass, and beat down their walls to 50 cubits; and now not a vestige of these immense fortifications remains, to mark the site of this once mighty city!
Jeremiah 51:44 And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall.
Jeremiah 50:15 Shout against her round about: she hath given her hand: her foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down: for it [is] the vengeance of the LORD: take vengeance upon her; as she hath done, do unto her.

broken:
or, made naked

high gates:

Jeremiah 51:30 The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight, they have remained in [their] holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken.
Isaiah 45:1-2 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut; ... I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron:

the people:

Jeremiah 51:9 We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed: forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country: for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, and is lifted up [even] to the skies.
Jeremiah 51:64 And thou shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her: and they shall be weary. Thus far [are] the words of Jeremiah.
Psalms 127:1 [[A Song of degrees for Solomon.]] Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh [but] in vain.
Isaiah 65:23 They shall not labour in vain, nor bring forth for trouble; for they [are] the seed of the blessed of the LORD, and their offspring with them.
Habakkuk 2:13 Behold, [is it] not of the LORD of hosts that the people shall labour in the very fire, and the people shall weary themselves for very vanity?
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Ps 127:1. Is 45:1; 65:23. Jr 50:15; 51:9, 30, 44, 64. Hab 2:13.

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