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Jeremiah 51:51 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— We are confounded, because we have heard reproach; confusion hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of Jehovah's house.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of the LORD'S house.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— We are ashamed because we have heard reproach; Disgrace has covered our faces, For aliens have entered The holy places of the LORD’S house.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of the LORD'S house.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —We are put to shame, for we have heard reproach; confusion hath covered our face: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of Jehovah's house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— We have turned pale, for we have heard a reproach, Confusion, hath covered, our faces,—For aliens have entered upon the hallowed places of the house of Yahweh!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— We have been ashamed, for we heard reproach, Covered hath shame our faces, For come in have strangers, against the sanctuaries of the house of Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces: because strangers are come upon the sanctuaries of the house of the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— We are confounded, because wee haue heard reproch, shame hath couered our faces: for strangers are come into the Sanctuaries of the LORDS house.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— We are ashamed, because we have heard our reproach; disgrace has covered our face; aliens are come into our sanctuary, [even] into the house of the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of Yahweh's house.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
We are confounded, 954
{0954} Prime
בּושׁ
buwsh
{boosh}
A primitive root; properly to pale, that is, by implication to be ashamed; also (by implication) to be disappointed, or delayed.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
we have heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
reproach: 2781
{2781} Prime
חֶרְפָּה
cherpah
{kher-paw'}
From H2778; contumely, disgrace, the pudenda.
shame 3639
{3639} Prime
כְּלִמָּה
k@limmah
{kel-im-maw'}
From H3637; disgrace.
hath covered 3680
{3680} Prime
כָּסָה
kacah
{kaw-saw'}
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
our faces: 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
strangers 2114
{2114} Prime
זוּר
zuwr
{zoor}
A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
are come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
into x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the sanctuaries 4720
{4720} Prime
מִקְדָּשׁ
miqdash
{mik-dawsh'}
From H6942; a consecrated thing or place, especially a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum.
of Yhw's יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
house. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 51:51

_ _ The prophet anticipates the Jews’ reply; I know you will say in despair, “We are confounded,” etc. “Wherefore (God saith to you) behold, I will,” etc. (Jeremiah 51:52) [Calvin]. I prefer taking Jeremiah 51:51 as the prayer which the Jews are directed to offer in exile (Jeremiah 51:50), “let Jerusalem come into your mind” (and say in prayer to God), “We are confounded.” This view is confirmed by Psalms 44:15, Psalms 44:16; Psalms 79:4; Psalms 102:17-20; Isaiah 62:6, Isaiah 62:7.

_ _ for strangers — The “reproach,” which especially has stung us, came when they taunted us with the fact that they had burned the temple, our peculiar glory, as though our religion was a thing of naught.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 51:1-58.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 51:51

We — We Jews are ashamed to hear the enemies reproaching us, for our God, or for our religion. Strangers — Pagans that were strangers to the commonwealth of Israel, are come, not to worship, but to plunder, the sanctuaries of the Lord; even into the courts of the priests and of the Israelites; yea, into the most holy place.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 51:51

We are (f) confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces: for foreigners are come into the sanctuaries of the LORD'S house.

(f) He shows how they would remember Jerusalem by lamenting the miserable affliction of it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
are confounded:

Jeremiah 3:22-25 Return, ye backsliding children, [and] I will heal your backslidings. Behold, we come unto thee; for thou [art] the LORD our God. ... We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covereth us: for we have sinned against the LORD our God, we and our fathers, from our youth even unto this day, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God.
Jeremiah 31:19 Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon [my] thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.
Psalms 74:18-21 Remember this, [that] the enemy hath reproached, O LORD, and [that] the foolish people have blasphemed thy name. ... O let not the oppressed return ashamed: let the poor and needy praise thy name.
Psalms 79:4 We are become a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and derision to them that are round about us.
Psalms 79:12 And render unto our neighbours sevenfold into their bosom their reproach, wherewith they have reproached thee, O Lord.
Psalms 123:3-4 Have mercy upon us, O LORD, have mercy upon us: for we are exceedingly filled with contempt. ... Our soul is exceedingly filled with the scorning of those that are at ease, [and] with the contempt of the proud.
Psalms 137:1-3 By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. ... For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us [required of us] mirth, [saying], Sing us [one] of the songs of Zion.
Lamentations 2:15-17 All that pass by clap [their] hands at thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, [saying, Is] this the city that [men] call The perfection of beauty, The joy of the whole earth? ... The LORD hath done [that] which he had devised; he hath fulfilled his word that he had commanded in the days of old: he hath thrown down, and hath not pitied: and he hath caused [thine] enemy to rejoice over thee, he hath set up the horn of thine adversaries.
Lamentations 5:1 Remember, O LORD, what is come upon us: consider, and behold our reproach.
Ezekiel 36:30 And I will multiply the fruit of the tree, and the increase of the field, that ye shall receive no more reproach of famine among the heathen.

shame:

Jeremiah 3:25 We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covereth us: for we have sinned against the LORD our God, we and our fathers, from our youth even unto this day, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God.
Jeremiah 14:3 And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, [and] found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, and covered their heads.
Psalms 44:13-16 Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us. ... For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth; by reason of the enemy and avenger.
Psalms 69:7-13 Because for thy sake I have borne reproach; shame hath covered my face. ... But as for me, my prayer [is] unto thee, O LORD, [in] an acceptable time: O God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation.
Psalms 71:13 Let them be confounded [and] consumed that are adversaries to my soul; let them be covered [with] reproach and dishonour that seek my hurt.
Psalms 109:29 Let mine adversaries be clothed with shame, and let them cover themselves with their own confusion, as with a mantle.
Ezekiel 7:18 They shall also gird [themselves] with sackcloth, and horror shall cover them; and shame [shall be] upon all faces, and baldness upon all their heads.
Micah 7:10 Then [she that is] mine enemy shall see [it], and shame shall cover her which said unto me, Where is the LORD thy God? mine eyes shall behold her: now shall she be trodden down as the mire of the streets.

for strangers:

Jeremiah 52:13 And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great [men], burned he with fire:
Psalms 74:3-7 Lift up thy feet unto the perpetual desolations; [even] all [that] the enemy hath done wickedly in the sanctuary. ... They have cast fire into thy sanctuary, they have defiled [by casting down] the dwelling place of thy name to the ground.
Psalms 79:1 [[A Psalm of Asaph.]] O God, the heathen are come into thine inheritance; thy holy temple have they defiled; they have laid Jerusalem on heaps.
Lamentations 1:10 The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: for she hath seen [that] the heathen entered into her sanctuary, whom thou didst command [that] they should not enter into thy congregation.
Lamentations 2:20 Behold, O LORD, and consider to whom thou hast done this. Shall the women eat their fruit, [and] children of a span long? shall the priest and the prophet be slain in the sanctuary of the Lord?
Ezekiel 7:21-22 And I will give it into the hands of the strangers for a prey, and to the wicked of the earth for a spoil; and they shall pollute it. ... My face will I turn also from them, and they shall pollute my secret [place]: for the robbers shall enter into it, and defile it.
Ezekiel 9:7 And he said unto them, Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain: go ye forth. And they went forth, and slew in the city.
Ezekiel 24:21 Speak unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will profane my sanctuary, the excellency of your strength, the desire of your eyes, and that which your soul pitieth; and your sons and your daughters whom ye have left shall fall by the sword.
Daniel 8:11-14 Yea, he magnified [himself] even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily [sacrifice] was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down. ... And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
Daniel 9:26-27 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. ... And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Daniel 11:31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.
Revelation 11:1-2 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. ... But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty [and] two months.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 44:13; 69:7; 71:13; 74:3, 18; 79:1, 4, 12; 109:29; 123:3; 137:1. Jr 3:22, 25; 14:3; 31:19; 52:13. Lm 1:10; 2:15, 20; 5:1. Ezk 7:18, 21; 9:7; 24:21; 36:30. Dn 8:11; 9:26; 11:31. Mi 7:10. Rv 11:1.

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