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Jeremiah 51:42 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The sea is come up upon Babylon; she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The sea has come up over Babylon; She has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of its waves.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of its waves.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sea, hath gone up over Babylon,—With the multitude of its rolling waves, is she covered.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Come up against Babylon hath the sea, With a multitude of its billows it hath been covered.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The sea is come up over Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The sea is come vp vpon Babylon: she is couered with the multitude of the waues thereof.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The sea has come up upon Babylon with the sound of its waves, and she is covered.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The sea is come up upon Bavel: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The sea 3220
{3220} Prime
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
is come up 5927
{5927} Prime
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Bävel בָּבֶל: 894
{0894} Prime
From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire.
she is covered 3680
{3680} Prime
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
with the multitude 1995
{1995} Prime
From H1993; a noise, tumult, crowd; also disquietude, wealth.
of the waves 1530
{1530} Prime
From H1556; something rolled, that is, a heap of stone or dung (plural ruins); by analogy a spring of water (plural waves).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 51:42

_ _ The sea — the host of Median invaders. The image (compare Jeremiah 47:2; Isaiah 8:7, Isaiah 8:8) is appropriately taken from the Euphrates, which, overflowing in spring, is like a “sea” near Babylon (Jeremiah 51:13, Jeremiah 51:32, Jeremiah 51:36).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 51:1-58.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 51:42

The sea — A multitude of enemies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 51:42

The (z) sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of its waves.

(z) The great army of the Medes and Persians.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 18:4 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.
Psalms 18:16 He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters.
Psalms 42:7 Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
Psalms 65:7 Which stilleth the noise of the seas, the noise of their waves, and the tumult of the people.
Psalms 93:3 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves.
Isaiah 8:7-8 Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, [even] the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks: ... And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach [even] to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel.
Ezekiel 27:26-34 Thy rowers have brought thee into great waters: the east wind hath broken thee in the midst of the seas. ... In the time [when] thou shalt be broken by the seas in the depths of the waters thy merchandise and all thy company in the midst of thee shall fall.
Daniel 9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
Luke 21:25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring;
Revelation 17:15-16 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues. ... And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.
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Ps 18:4, 16; 42:7; 65:7; 93:3. Is 8:7. Ezk 27:26. Dn 9:26. Lk 21:25. Rv 17:15.

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