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Jeremiah 51:41 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— How is Sheshach taken! and the praise of the whole earth seized! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “How Sheshak has been captured, And the praise of the whole earth been seized! How Babylon has become an object of horror among the nations!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth seized! How is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— How, hath Sheshach, been captured! How, hath the praise of all the earth, been seized! How, hath Babylon, become an astonishment among the nations!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— How hath Sheshach been captured, Yea, caught is the praise of the whole earth, How hath Babylon been for an astonishment among nations.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— How is Sesach taken, and the renowned one of all the earth surprised? How is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— How is Sheshach taken? and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised? how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— How has the boast of all the earth been taken and caught in a snare! how has Babylon become a desolation among the nations!
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— How is Sheshakh taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Bavel become an astonishment among the nations!

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
How x349
(0349) Complement
אֵיךְ
'eyk
{ake}
Prolonged from H0335; how? or how!; also where.
is a שֵׁשַׁך 8347
{8347} Prime
שֵׁשַׁךְ
Sheshak
{shay-shak'}
Of foreign derivation; Sheshak, a symbolical name of Babylonian.
taken! 3920
{3920} Prime
לָכַד
lakad
{law-kad'}
A primitive root; to catch (in a net, trap or pit); generally to capture or occupy; also to choose (by lot); figuratively to cohere.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
and how is the praise 8416
{8416} Prime
תְּהִלָּה
t@hillah
{teh-hil-law'}
From H1984; laudation; specifically (concretely) a hymn.
of the whole x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
surprised! 8610
{8610} Prime
תָּפַשׂ
taphas
{taw-fas'}
A primitive root; to manipulate, that is, seize; chiefly to capture, wield; specifically to overlay; figuratively to use unwarrantably.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
how x349
(0349) Complement
אֵיךְ
'eyk
{ake}
Prolonged from H0335; how? or how!; also where.
is Bvel בָּבֶל 894
{0894} Prime
בָּבֶל
Babel
{baw-bel'}
From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire.
become x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
an astonishment 8047
{8047} Prime
שַׁמָּה
shammah
{sham-maw'}
From H8074; ruin; by implication consternation.
among the nations! 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 51:41

_ _ Sheshach — Babylon (compare Note, see Jeremiah 25:26); called so from the goddess Shach, to whom a five days’ festival was kept, during which, as in the Roman Saturnalia, the most unbridled licentiousness was permitted; slaves ruled their masters, and in every house one called Zogan, arrayed in a royal garment, was chosen to rule all the rest. He calls Babylon “Sheshach,” to imply that it was during this feast the city was taken [Scaliger].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 51:1-58.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 51:41

Sheshach — A name given to the city of Babylon.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 51:41

How is (y) Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an horror among the nations!

(y) Meaning Babel as in (Jeremiah 25:26).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Sheshach:
Sheshach was probably an idol worshipped at Babylon, from which the city derived this name; and the festival which was held when the city was taken, when they were heated with wine, was perhaps observed in honour of it.
Jeremiah 25:26 And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which [are] upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.
Daniel 5:1-3 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand. ... Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of the house of God which [was] at Jerusalem; and the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, drank in them.

the praise:

Jeremiah 49:25 How is the city of praise not left, the city of my joy!
Jeremiah 50:23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!
Isaiah 13:19 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
Isaiah 14:4 That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!
Daniel 2:38 And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou [art] this head of gold.
Daniel 4:22 It [is] thou, O king, that art grown and become strong: for thy greatness is grown, and reacheth unto heaven, and thy dominion to the end of the earth.
Daniel 4:30 The king spake, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty?
Daniel 5:4-5 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone. ... In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaister of the wall of the king's palace: and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote.
Revelation 18:10-19 Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come. ... And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.

an astonishment:

Jeremiah 51:37 And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.
Jeremiah 50:46 At the noise of the taking of Babylon the earth is moved, and the cry is heard among the nations.
Deuteronomy 28:37 And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all nations whither the LORD shall lead thee.
2 Chronicles 7:21 And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house?
Ezekiel 27:35 All the inhabitants of the isles shall be astonished at thee, and their kings shall be sore afraid, they shall be troubled in [their] countenance.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 28:37. 2Ch 7:21. Is 13:19; 14:4. Jr 25:26; 49:25; 50:23, 46; 51:37. Ezk 27:35. Dn 2:38; 4:22, 30; 5:1, 4. Rv 18:10.

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