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Jeremiah 51:39 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— When they are heated, I will make their feast, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “When they become heated up, I will serve [them] their banquet And make them drunk, that they may become jubilant And may sleep a perpetual sleep And not wake up,” declares the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— When they are heated, I will prepare their drink, and I will make them drunken, that they may exult, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When they are heated, I will spread their banquets, And let them drink that they may become uproarious, So shall they sleep an age-abiding sleep and not wake,—Declareth Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In their heat I make their banquets, And I have caused them to drink, so that they exult, And have slept a sleep age-during, And awake not—an affirmation of Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In their heat I will set them drink: and I will make them drunk, that they may slumber, and sleep an everlasting sleep, and awake no more, saith the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may reioyce, and sleepe a perpetuall sleepe, and not wake, saith the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— In their heat I will give them a draught, and make them drunk, that they may be stupified, and sleep an everlasting sleep, and not awake, saith the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In their heat 2527
{2527} Prime
חֹם
chom
{khome}
From H2552; heat.
I will make 7896
{7896} Prime
שִׁית
shiyth
{sheeth}
A primitive root; to place (in a very wide application).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
their feasts, 4960
{4960} Prime
מִשְׁתֶּה
mishteh
{mish-teh'}
From H8354; drink; by implication drinking (the act); also (by implication), a banquet or (generally) feast.
and I will make them drunken, 7937
{7937} Prime
שָׁכַר
shakar
{shaw-kar'}
A primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence. (Superlative of H8248.).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
that x4616
(4616) Complement
לְמַעַן
ma`an
{mah'-an}
From H6030; properly heed, that is, purpose; used only adverbially, on account of (as a motive or an aim), teleologically in order that.
they may rejoice, 5937
{5937} Prime
עלז
`alaz
{aw-laz'}
A primitive root; to jump for joy, that is, exult.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and sleep 3462
{3462} Prime
יָשֵׁן
yashen
{yaw-shane'}
A primitive root; properly to be slack or languid, that is, (by implication) sleep (figuratively to die); also to grow old, stale or inveterate.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a perpetual 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
sleep, 8142
{8142} Prime
שֵׁנָה
shehah
{shay-naw'}
(The second form used in Psalms 127:2); from H3462; sleep.
and not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
wake, 6974
{6974} Prime
קוּץ
quwts
{koots}
A primitive root (rather identical with H6972 through the idea of abruptness in starting up from sleep (compare H3364)); to awake (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
saith 5002
{5002} Prime
נְאֻם
n@'um
{neh-oom'}
From H5001; an oracle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 51:38-39.


Jeremiah 51:39

_ _ In their heat I will make their feasts — In the midst of their being heated with wine, I will give them “their” potions, — a very different cup to drink, but one which is their due, the wine cup of My stupefying wrath (Jeremiah 25:15; Jeremiah 49:12; Isaiah 51:17; Lamentations 4:21).

_ _ rejoice, and sleep ... perpetual, etc. — that they may exult, and in the midst of their jubilant exultation sleep the sleep of death (Jeremiah 51:57; Isaiah 21:4, Isaiah 21:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 51:1-58.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 51:39

Heat — When they shall grow hot with wine, I will make them a feast of another nature. Interpreters judge that Belshazzar, Daniel 5:1, made a feast to a thousand of his Lords, when he and his wives, and concubines, drank wine in the vessels belonging to the temple, during which feast the city was taken. And not awake — While they were merry with their wine, they fell into a sleep which they never awoke out of.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 51:39

In their (x) heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunk, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD.

(x) When they are inflamed with surfeiting and drinking, I will feast with them, alluding to Belshazzar's banquet, (Daniel 5:2).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
their heat:

Jeremiah 25:27 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.
Isaiah 21:4-5 My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me. ... Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, ye princes, [and] anoint the shield.
Isaiah 22:12-14 And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth: ... And it was revealed in mine ears by the LORD of hosts, Surely this iniquity shall not be purged from you till ye die, saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
Daniel 5:1-4 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand. ... They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
Daniel 5:30 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.
Nahum 1:10 For while [they be] folden together [as] thorns, and while they are drunken [as] drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.
Nahum 3:11 Thou also shalt be drunken: thou shalt be hid, thou also shalt seek strength because of the enemy.

and sleep:

Jeremiah 51:57 And I will make drunk her princes, and her wise [men], her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name [is] the LORD of hosts.
Psalms 13:3 Consider [and] hear me, O LORD my God: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the [sleep of] death;
Psalms 76:5-6 The stouthearted are spoiled, they have slept their sleep: and none of the men of might have found their hands. ... At thy rebuke, O God of Jacob, both the chariot and horse are cast into a dead sleep.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 13:3; 76:5. Is 21:4; 22:12. Jr 25:27; 51:57. Dn 5:1, 30. Na 1:10; 3:11.

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