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Jeremiah 51:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and the passages are seized, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The fords also have been seized, And they have burned the marshes with fire, And the men of war are terrified.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the passages are seized, and the reedy places are burnt with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, The fords, have been seized, and, The reeds, have they burned with fire; and, The men of war, are dismayed!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the passages have been captured, And the reeds they have burnt with fire, And the men of war have been troubled.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And that the fords are taken, and the marshes are burnt with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And that the passages are stopped, and the reedes they haue burnt with fire, and the men of warre are afrighted.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— At the end of his passages they were taken, and his cisterns they have burnt with fire, and his warriors are going forth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And that the passages 4569
{4569} Prime
מַעַבָּר
ma`abar
{mah-ab-awr'}
From H5674; a crossing place (of a river, a ford; of a mountain, a pass); abstractly a transit, that is, (figuratively) overwhelming.
are stopped, 8610
{8610} Prime
תָּפַשׂ
taphas
{taw-fas'}
A primitive root; to manipulate, that is, seize; chiefly to capture, wield; specifically to overlay; figuratively to use unwarrantably.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
and the reeds 98
{0098} Prime
אֲגַם
'agam
{ag-am'}
From an unused root (meaning to collect as water); a marsh; hence a rush (as growing in swamps); hence a stockade of reeds.
they have burned 8313
{8313} Prime
שָׂרַף
saraph
{saw-raf'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively set) on fire.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with fire, 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
and the men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of war 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
are affrighted. 926
{0926} Prime
בּהל
bahal
{baw-hal'}
A primitive root; to tremble inwardly (or palpitate), that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) (suddenly) alarmed or agitated; by implication to hasten anxiously.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 51:32

_ _ passages are stopped — The guarded fords of the Euphrates are occupied by the enemy (see on Jeremiah 50:38).

_ _ reeds ... burned — literally, “the marsh.” After draining off the river, Cyrus “burned” the stockade of dense tree-like “reeds” on its banks, forming the outworks of the city’s fortifications. The burning of these would give the appearance of the marsh or river itself being on “fire.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 51:1-58.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 51:32

The passages — The passages over the river Euphrates, and all the other passages by which the Babylonians might make their escape, were guarded with soldiers. Reeds — On the border of the river Euphrates were vast quantities of great and tall reeds, which with the mud in which they stood, were as another wall to the city; but the Medes had burnt them so as the way was open.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the passages:

Jeremiah 50:38 A drought [is] upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it [is] the land of graven images, and they are mad upon [their] idols.
Isaiah 44:27 That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers:

the men:

Jeremiah 51:30 The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight, they have remained in [their] holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken.
Jeremiah 50:37 A sword [is] upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that [are] in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword [is] upon her treasures; and they shall be robbed.
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Is 44:27. Jr 50:37, 38; 51:30.

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