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Jeremiah 51:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The mighty men of Babylon have forborne to fight, they remain in their strongholds; their might hath failed; they are become as women: her dwelling-places are set on fire; her bars are broken.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight, they have remained in [their] holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The mighty men of Babylon have ceased fighting, They stay in the strongholds; Their strength is exhausted, They are becoming [like] women; Their dwelling places are set on fire, The bars of her [gates] are broken.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The mighty men of Babylon have forborne to fight, they have remained in [their] holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwelling-places; her bars are broken.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The mighty men of Babylon have ceased to fight, they are sitting in the fortresses; their might hath failed, they are become as women: they have set her dwelling places on fire; her bars are broken.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The heroes of Babylon have ceased, to fight, They have remained in the strongholds, Parched, is their might, They have become women,—They have set fire to her habitations, Broken, are her bars!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Ceased have the mighty of Babylon to fight, They have remained in strongholds, Failed hath their might, they have become woman, They have burnt her tabernacles, Broken have been her bars.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The valiant men of Babylon have forborne to fight, they have dwelt in holds: their strength hath failed, and they are become as women: her dwelling places are burnt, her bars are broken.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The mightie men of Babylon haue forborne to fight: they haue remained in their holdes: their might hath failed, they became as women: they haue burnt their dwelling places: her barres are broken.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The warrior of Babylon has failed to fight; they shall sit there in the siege; their power is broken; they are become like women; her tabernacles have been set on fire; her bars are broken.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The mighty men of Bavel have forborn to fight, they have remained in [their] holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The mighty men 1368
{1368} Prime
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
of Bävel בָּבֶל 894
{0894} Prime
בָּבֶל
Babel
{baw-bel'}
From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire.
have forborn 2308
{2308} Prime
חָדַל
chadal
{khaw-dal'}
A primitive root; properly to be flabby, that is, (by implication) desist; (figuratively) be lacking or idle.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to fight, 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
they have remained 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in [their] holds: 4679
{4679} Prime
מְצַד
m@tsad
{mets-ad'}
From H6679; a fastness (as a covert of ambush).
their might 1369
{1369} Prime
גְּבוּרָה
g@buwrah
{gheb-oo-raw'}
Feminine passive participle from the same as H1368; force (literally or figuratively); by implication valor, victory.
hath failed; 5405
{5405} Prime
נָשַׁת
nashath
{naw-shath'}
A primitive root; properly to eliminate, that is, (intransitively) to dry up.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
they became x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
as women: 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
they have burned 3341
{3341} Prime
יָצַת
yatsath
{yaw-tsath'}
A primitive root; to burn or set on fire; figuratively to desolate.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
her dwellingplaces; 4908
{4908} Prime
מִשְׁכָּן
mishkan
{mish-kawn'}
From H7931; a residence (including a shepherd's hut, the lair of animals, figuratively the grave; also the Temple); specifically the Tabernacle (properly its wooden walls).
her bars 1280
{1280} Prime
בְּרִיחַ
b@riyach
{ber-ee'-akh}
From H1272; a bolt.
are broken. 7665
{7665} Prime
שָׁבַר
shabar
{shaw-bar'}
A primitive root; to burst (literally or figuratively).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 51:30

_ _ forborne to fight — for the city was not taken by force of arms, but by stratagem, according to the counsel given to Cyrus by two eunuchs of Belshazzar who deserted.

_ _ remained in ... holds — not daring to go forth to fight; many, with Nabonidus, withdrew to the fortified city Borsippa.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 51:1-58.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The mighty:
Accordingly, the Babylonians, after the loss of a battle or two, never recovered their courage to the face the enemy in the field, they retired within their walls; and the first time that Cyrus came with his army before the place he could not provoke them to venture forth, though he challenged the king to fight a duel with him; and the last time he came he consulted with his officers respecting the best mode of carrying on the siege "since," said he, "they do not come out to fight."
Jeremiah 51:32 And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.
Jeremiah 51:57 And I will make drunk her princes, and her wise [men], her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name [is] the LORD of hosts.
Jeremiah 48:41 Kerioth is taken, and the strong holds are surprised, and the mighty men's hearts in Moab at that day shall be as the heart of a woman in her pangs.
Jeremiah 50:36-37 A sword [is] upon the liars; and they shall dote: a sword [is] upon her mighty men; and they shall be dismayed. ... A sword [is] upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that [are] in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword [is] upon her treasures; and they shall be robbed.
Psalms 76:5 The stouthearted are spoiled, they have slept their sleep: and none of the men of might have found their hands.
Isaiah 13:7-8 Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt: ... And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces [shall be as] flames.
Isaiah 19:16 In that day shall Egypt be like unto women: and it shall be afraid and fear because of the shaking of the hand of the LORD of hosts, which he shaketh over it.
Nahum 3:13 Behold, thy people in the midst of thee [are] women: the gates of thy land shall be set wide open unto thine enemies: the fire shall devour thy bars.
Revelation 18:10 Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come.

her bars:

Jeremiah 50:36 A sword [is] upon the liars; and they shall dote: a sword [is] upon her mighty men; and they shall be dismayed.
*marg.
Psalms 107:16 For he hath broken the gates of brass, and cut the bars of iron in sunder.
Psalms 147:13 For he hath strengthened the bars of thy gates; he hath blessed thy children within thee.
Isaiah 45:1-2 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut; ... I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron:
Lamentations 2:9 Her gates are sunk into the ground; he hath destroyed and broken her bars: her king and her princes [are] among the Gentiles: the law [is] no [more]; her prophets also find no vision from the LORD.
Amos 1:5 I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the LORD.
Nahum 3:13 Behold, thy people in the midst of thee [are] women: the gates of thy land shall be set wide open unto thine enemies: the fire shall devour thy bars.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 76:5; 107:16; 147:13. Is 13:7; 19:16; 45:1. Jr 48:41; 50:36; 51:32, 57. Lm 2:9. Am 1:5. Na 3:13. Rv 18:10.

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