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Jeremiah 51:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou art my battle-axe and weapons of war: and with thee will I break in pieces the nations; and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou [art] my battle axe [and] weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [He says], “You are My war-club, [My] weapon of war; And with you I shatter nations, And with you I destroy kingdoms.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou [art] my battle-ax [and] weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou art my maul, [my] weapons of war: and with thee I will break in pieces the nations, and I will with thee destroy kingdoms;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A war-club, art thou, for me, Weapons of war; Therefore will I, Beat down with thee—nations, and, Destroy with thee—kingdoms;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— An axe [art] thou to me—weapons of war, And I have broken in pieces by thee nations, And I have destroyed by thee kingdoms,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou dashest together for me the weapons of war, and with thee I will dash nations together, and with thee I will destroy kingdoms:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou [art] my battel-axe [and] weapons of warre: for with thee will I breake in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdomes;
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou scatterest for me the weapons of war: and I will scatter nations by thee, and will destroy kings by means of thee.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou [art] my battle axe [and] weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou x859
(0859) Complement
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
[art] my battle axe 4661
{4661} Prime
From H5310; a smiter, that is, a war club.
[and] weapons 3627
{3627} Prime
From H3615; something prepared, that is, any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
of war: 4421
{4421} Prime
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
for with thee will I break in pieces 5310
{5310} Prime
A primitive root; to dash to pieces, or scatter.
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the nations, 1471
{1471} Prime
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
and with thee will I destroy 7843
{7843} Prime
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
kingdoms; 4467
{4467} Prime
From H4427; dominion, that is, (abstractly) the estate (rule) or (concretely) the country (realm).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 51:20

_ _ (See on Jeremiah 50:23). “Break in pieces” refers to the “hammer” there (compare Nahum 2:1, Margin). The club also was often used by ancient warriors.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 51:1-58.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 51:20

Thou [art] my (n) battle axe [and] weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;

(n) He means the Medes and Persians, as before he called the Babylonians his hammer, (Jeremiah 50:23).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Jeremiah 50:23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!
Isaiah 10:5 O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation.
Isaiah 10:15 Shall the axe boast itself against him that heweth therewith? [or] shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh it? as if the rod should shake [itself] against them that lift it up, [or] as if the staff should lift up [itself, as if it were] no wood.
Isaiah 13:5 They come from a far country, from the end of heaven, [even] the LORD, and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land.
Isaiah 14:5-6 The LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, [and] the sceptre of the rulers. ... He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted, [and] none hindereth.
Isaiah 37:26 Hast thou not heard long ago, [how] I have done it; [and] of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste defenced cities [into] ruinous heaps.
Isaiah 41:15-16 Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat [them] small, and shalt make the hills as chaff. ... Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, [and] shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
Micah 4:13 Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces many people: and I will consecrate their gain unto the LORD, and their substance unto the Lord of the whole earth.
Zechariah 9:13-14 When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man. ... And the LORD shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go forth as the lightning: and the Lord GOD shall blow the trumpet, and shall go with whirlwinds of the south.
Matthew 22:7 But when the king heard [thereof], he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.

with thee:
or, in thee, or, by thee


Jeremiah 25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
Jeremiah 25:11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, [and] an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.
Jeremiah 27:5-7 I have made the earth, the man and the beast that [are] upon the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and have given it unto whom it seemed meet unto me. ... And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.
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Is 10:5, 15; 13:5; 14:5; 37:26; 41:15. Jr 25:9, 11; 27:5; 50:23. Mi 4:13. Zc 9:13. Mt 22:7.

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