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Jeremiah 51:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, the measure of thy covetousness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, [and] the measure of thy covetousness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— O you who dwell by many waters, Abundant in treasures, Your end has come, The measure of your end.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thy end is come, [and] the measure of thy covetousness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, the measure of thy rapacity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— O thou who dwellest upon many waters, Who aboundest in treasures,—Come, hath thine end! The measure of thine unrighteous gain!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— O dweller on many waters, abundant in treasures, Come in hath thine end, the measure of thy dishonest gain.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— O thou that dwellest upon many waters, rich in treasures, thy end is come for thy entire destruction.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— O thou that dwellest vpon many waters, abundant in treasures; thine end is come, [and] the measure of thy couetousnesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— dwelling on many waters, and amidst the abundance of her treasures; thine end is come verily into thy bowels.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, [and] the measure of thy covetousness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
O thou that dwellest 7931
{7931} Prime
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
many 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
waters, 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
abundant 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
in treasures, 214
{0214} Prime
אוֹצָר
'owtsar
{o-tsaw'}
From H0686; a depository.
thine end 7093
{7093} Prime
קֵץ
qets
{kates}
Contracted from H7112; an extremity; adverbially (with prepositional prefix) after.
is come, 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[and] the measure 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
of thy covetousness. 1215
{1215} Prime
בֶּצַע
betsa`
{beh'-tsah}
From H1214; plunder; by extension gain (usually unjust).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 51:13

_ _ waters — (Jeremiah 51:32, Jeremiah 51:36; see on Isaiah 21:1). The Euphrates surrounded the city and, being divided into many channels, formed islands. Compare as to spiritual Babylon “waters,” that is, “many peoples,” Revelation 17:1, Revelation 17:15. A large lake also was near Babylon.

_ _ measure — literally, “cubit,” which was the most common measure, and therefore is used for a measure in general. The time for putting a limit to thy covetousness [Gesenius]. There is no “and” in the Hebrew: translate, “thine end, the retribution for thy covetousness” [Grotius]. Maurer takes the image to be from weaving: “the cubit where thou art to be cut off”; for the web is cut off, when the required number of cubits is completed (Isaiah 38:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 51:1-58.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 51:13

Waters — Babylon is said to dwell upon many waters, because the great river Euphrates, did not only run by it, but almost encompass it branching itself into many smaller rivers, which made several parts of the city, islands.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 51:13

O thou that dwellest upon many (i) waters, abundant in treasures, thy end is come, [and] the measure of thy covetousness.

(i) For the land of Chaldea was full of rivers which ran into the Euphrates.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
dwellest:

Jeremiah 51:36 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry.
Revelation 17:1 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters:
Revelation 17:15 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.

abundant:

Jeremiah 50:37 A sword [is] upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that [are] in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword [is] upon her treasures; and they shall be robbed.
Isaiah 45:3 And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the LORD, which call [thee] by thy name, [am] the God of Israel.
Habakkuk 2:5-10 Yea also, because he transgresseth by wine, [he is] a proud man, neither keepeth at home, who enlargeth his desire as hell, and [is] as death, and cannot be satisfied, but gathereth unto him all nations, and heapeth unto him all people: ... Thou hast consulted shame to thy house by cutting off many people, and hast sinned [against] thy soul.
Revelation 18:11-17 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: ... For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off,

thine:

Jeremiah 17:11 [As] the partridge sitteth [on eggs], and hatcheth [them] not; [so] he that getteth riches, and not by right, shall leave them in the midst of his days, and at his end shall be a fool.
Jeremiah 50:27 Slay all her bullocks; let them go down to the slaughter: woe unto them! for their day is come, the time of their visitation.
Jeremiah 50:31 Behold, I [am] against thee, [O thou] most proud, saith the Lord GOD of hosts: for thy day is come, the time [that] I will visit thee.
Genesis 6:13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.
Lamentations 4:18 They hunt our steps, that we cannot go in our streets: our end is near, our days are fulfilled; for our end is come.
Ezekiel 7:2-12 Also, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD unto the land of Israel; An end, the end is come upon the four corners of the land. ... The time is come, the day draweth near: let not the buyer rejoice, nor the seller mourn: for wrath [is] upon all the multitude thereof.
Daniel 5:26 This [is] the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it.
Amos 8:2 And he said, Amos, what seest thou? And I said, A basket of summer fruit. Then said the LORD unto me, The end is come upon my people of Israel; I will not again pass by them any more.
1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.

and the:

Habakkuk 2:9-11 Woe to him that coveteth an evil covetousness to his house, that he may set his nest on high, that he may be delivered from the power of evil! ... For the stone shall cry out of the wall, and the beam out of the timber shall answer it.
Luke 12:19-21 And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, [and] be merry. ... So [is] he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
2 Peter 2:14-15 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: ... Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;
Jude 1:11-13 Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core. ... Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
Revelation 18:19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 6:13. Is 45:3. Jr 17:11; 50:27, 31, 37; 51:36. Lm 4:18. Ezk 7:2. Dn 5:26. Am 8:2. Hab 2:5, 9. Lk 12:19. 1P 4:7. 2P 2:3, 14. Jde 1:11. Rv 17:1, 15; 18:11, 19.

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