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Jeremiah 50:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A drought is upon her waters, and they shall be dried up; for it is a land of graven images, and they are mad over idols.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A drought [is] upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it [is] the land of graven images, and they are mad upon [their] idols.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “A drought on her waters, and they will be dried up! For it is a land of idols, And they are mad over fearsome idols.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A drouth [is] upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it [is] the land of graven images, and they are mad upon [their] idols.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— a drought is upon her waters, and they shall be dried up; for it is a land of graven images, and they are mad after frightful idols.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A drought, is against her waters, And they shall be dried up,—For, a land of images, it is, And, with their shocking things, they act as men who are mad:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A sword [is] on her waters, and they have been dried up, For it [is] a land of graven images, And in idols they do boast themselves.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A drought upon her waters, and they shall be dried up: because it is a land of idols, and they glory in monstrous things.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A drought [is] vpon her waters, and they shalbe dried vp: for it [is] the land of grauen images, and they are madde vpon their idoles.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and they shall be ashamed: for it is a land of graven [images]; and in the islands, where they boasted.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A drought [is] upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it [is] the land of graven images, and they are mad upon [their] idols.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A drought 2721
{2721} Prime
חֹרֶב
choreb
{kho'-reb}
A collateral form of H2719; drought or desolation.
[is] upon x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
her waters; 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
and they shall be dried up: 3001
{3001} Prime
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
it [is] the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of graven images, 6456
{6456} Prime
פָּסִיל
p@ciyl
{pes-eel'}
From H6458; an idol.
and they x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
are mad 1984
{1984} Prime
הָלַל
halal
{haw-lal'}
A primitive root; to be clear (originally of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show; to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causatively to celebrate; also to stultify.
z8704
<8704> Grammar
Stem - Hithpoel (See H8823)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 13
upon [their] idols. 367
{0367} Prime
אֵימָה
'eymah
{ay-maw'}
From the same as H0366; fright; concretely an idol (as a bugbear).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 50:38

_ _ drought — Altering the pointing, this verse will begin as the three previous verses, “A sword.” However, all the pointed manuscripts read, “A drought,” as English Version. Cyrus turned off the waters of the Euphrates into a new channel and so marched through the dried-up bed into the city (Jeremiah 51:32). Babylonia once was famed for its corn, which often yielded from one to two hundredfold [Herodotus]. This was due to its network of water-courses from the Euphrates for irrigation, traces of which [Layard] are seen still on all sides, but dry and barren (Isaiah 44:27).

_ _ their idols — literally, “terrors.” They are mad after idols that are more calculated to frighten than to attract (Jeremiah 51:44, Jeremiah 51:47, Jeremiah 51:52; Daniel 3:1). Mere bugbears with which to frighten children.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 50:33-46.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 50:38

Dried — This phrase has a plain reference to Cyrus's stratagem used in the surprize of Babylon; one part of it was fortified by the great river Euphrates, which Cyrus diverted by cutting several channels, 'till he had drained it so low, that it became passable for his army; others think that a want of rain is here threatened.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 50:38

A (a) drought [is] upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it [is] the land of graven images, and they are mad over [their] idols.

(a) For Cyrus cut the river Euphrates and divided the course of it into many streams, so that it might be passed over as though there had been no water: which he did by the counsel of two of Belshazzar's captains, who conspired against their king, because he had gelded one of them in spite and slain the son of the other.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
A drought:

Jeremiah 50:12 Your mother shall be sore confounded; she that bare you shall be ashamed: behold, the hindermost of the nations [shall be] a wilderness, a dry land, and a desert.
Jeremiah 51:32-36 And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted. ... Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry.
Isaiah 44:27 That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers:
Revelation 16:12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.
Revelation 17:15-16 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues. ... And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.

the land:

Jeremiah 50:2 Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard; publish, [and] conceal not: say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols are confounded, her images are broken in pieces.
Jeremiah 51:44 And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall.
Jeremiah 51:47 Therefore, behold, the days come, that I will do judgment upon the graven images of Babylon: and her whole land shall be confounded, and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her.
Jeremiah 51:52 Wherefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will do judgment upon her graven images: and through all her land the wounded shall groan.
Isaiah 46:1-7 Bel boweth down, Nebo stoopeth, their idols were upon the beasts, and upon the cattle: your carriages [were] heavy loaden; [they are] a burden to the weary [beast]. ... They bear him upon the shoulder, they carry him, and set him in his place, and he standeth; from his place shall he not remove: yea, [one] shall cry unto him, yet can he not answer, nor save him out of his trouble.
Daniel 3:1-30 Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, whose height [was] threescore cubits, [and] the breadth thereof six cubits: he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon. ... Then the king promoted Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, in the province of Babylon.
Daniel 5:4 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
Habakkuk 2:18-19 What profiteth the graven image that the maker thereof hath graven it; the molten image, and a teacher of lies, that the maker of his work trusteth therein, to make dumb idols? ... Woe unto him that saith to the wood, Awake; to the dumb stone, Arise, it shall teach! Behold, it [is] laid over with gold and silver, and [there is] no breath at all in the midst of it.
Revelation 17:5 And upon her forehead [was] a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.

mad:

Jeremiah 51:7 Babylon [hath been] a golden cup in the LORD'S hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.
Isaiah 44:25 That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise [men] backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish;
Acts 17:16 Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.
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Is 44:25, 27; 46:1. Jr 50:2, 12; 51:7, 32, 44, 47, 52. Dn 3:1; 5:4. Hab 2:18. Ac 17:16. Rv 16:12; 17:5, 15.

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