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Jeremiah 5:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— How can I pardon thee? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they committed adultery, and assembled themselves in troops at the harlots' houses.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by [them that are] no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots' houses.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Why should I pardon you? Your sons have forsaken Me And sworn by those who are not gods. When I had fed them to the full, They committed adultery And trooped to the harlot’s house.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by [them that are] no gods: when I had fed them to the full, then they committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots' houses.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore should I pardon thee? Thy children have forsaken me, and swear by them that are not God. I have satiated them, and they have committed adultery, and they troop to the harlots' house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— How, for this, can I pardon thee? Thine own sons, have forsaken me, And have sworn by No-gods,—When I had fed them to the full, Then committed they adultery, And, the house of the unchaste woman, they used to throng:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For this I am not propitious to thee, Thy sons have forsaken Me, And are satisfied by that which is not god, I satisfy them, and they commit adultery, And at the house of a harlot They gather themselves together.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— How can I be merciful to thee? thy children have forsaken me, and swear by them that are not gods: I fed them to the full, and they committed adultery, and rioted in the harlot's house.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— How shall I pardon thee for this? Thy children haue forsaken mee, and sworne by them [that are] no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adulterie, and assembled themselues by troupes in the harlots houses.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— In what [way] shall I forgive thee for these things? Thy sons have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are no gods: and I fed them to the full, and they committed adultery, and lodged in harlots' houses.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by [them that are] no elohim: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots' houses.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
How 335
{0335} Prime
אֵי
'ay
{ah'ee}
Perhaps from H0370; where? hence how?.
shall I pardon 5545
{5545} Prime
סָלַח
calach
{saw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to forgive.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thee for this? 2063
{2063} Prime
זֹאת
zo'th
{zothe'}
Irregular feminine of H2089; this (often used adverbially).
thy children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
have forsaken 5800
{5800} Prime
עָזַב
`azab
{aw-zab'}
A primitive root; to loosen, that is, relinquish, permit, etc.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me, and sworn 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
by [them that are] no 3808
{3808} Prime
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
lhm אֱלֹהִים: 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
when I had fed them to the full, y7650
[7650] Standard
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x7646
(7646) Complement
שָׂבַע
saba`
{saw-bah'}
A primitive root; to sate, that is, fill to satisfaction (literally or figuratively).
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
they then committed adultery, 5003
{5003} Prime
נָאַף
na'aph
{naw-af'}
A primitive root; to commit adultery; figuratively to apostatize.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and assembled themselves x1413
(1413) Complement
גָּדַד
gadad
{gaw-dad'}
A primitive root (compare H1461); to crowd; also to gash (as if by pressing into).
by troops y1413
[1413] Standard
גָּדַד
gadad
{gaw-dad'}
A primitive root (compare H1461); to crowd; also to gash (as if by pressing into).
z8704
<8704> Grammar
Stem - Hithpoel (See H8823)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 13
in the harlots' 2181
{2181} Prime
זָנָה
zanah
{zaw-naw'}
A primitive root (highly fed and therefore wanton); to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple forniciation, rarely of involuntary ravishment); figuratively to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
houses. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 5:7

_ _ It would not be consistent with God’s holiness to let such wickedness pass unpunished.

_ _ sworn by — (Jeremiah 5:2; Jeremiah 4:2); that is, worshipped.

_ _ no gods — (Deuteronomy 32:21).

_ _ fed ... to the full — so the Keri (Hebrew Margin) reads. God’s bountifulness is contrasted with their apostasy (Deuteronomy 32:15). Prosperity, the gift of God, designed to lead men to Him, often produces the opposite effect. The Hebrew Chetib (text) reads: “I bound them (to Me) by oath,” namely, in the marriage covenant, sealed at Sinai between God and Israel; in contrast to which stands their “adultery”; the antithesis favors this.

_ _ adultery ... harlots’ houses — spiritually: idolatry in temples of idols; but literal prostitution is also included, being frequently part of idol-worship: for example, in the worship of the Babylonian Mylitta.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 5:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 5:7

They then — Such is the natural effect of unsanctified prosperity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 5:7

How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and (g) sworn by [them that are] no gods: when I had fed them to the full, then they committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots' houses.

(g) He shows that to swear by anything other than by God is to forsake him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
How shall:

Jeremiah 3:19 But I said, How shall I put thee among the children, and give thee a pleasant land, a goodly heritage of the hosts of nations? and I said, Thou shalt call me, My father; and shalt not turn away from me.
Hosea 11:8 How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? [how] shall I deliver thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? [how] shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.
Matthew 23:37-38 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not! ... Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.

sworn by:

Jeremiah 12:16 And it shall come to pass, if they will diligently learn the ways of my people, to swear by my name, The LORD liveth; as they taught my people to swear by Baal; then shall they be built in the midst of my people.
Joshua 23:7 That ye come not among these nations, these that remain among you; neither make mention of the name of their gods, nor cause to swear [by them], neither serve them, nor bow yourselves unto them:
Hosea 4:15 Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, [yet] let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, The LORD liveth.
Amos 8:14 They that swear by the sin of Samaria, and say, Thy god, O Dan, liveth; and, The manner of Beersheba liveth; even they shall fall, and never rise up again.
Zephaniah 1:5 And them that worship the host of heaven upon the housetops; and them that worship [and] that swear by the LORD, and that swear by Malcham;

no gods:

Jeremiah 2:11 Hath a nation changed [their] gods, which [are] yet no gods? but my people have changed their glory for [that which] doth not profit.
Deuteronomy 32:21 They have moved me to jealousy with [that which is] not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with [those which are] not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.
1 Corinthians 8:4 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice unto idols, we know that an idol [is] nothing in the world, and that [there is] none other God but one.
Galatians 4:8 Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods.

I had fed:

Jeremiah 2:31 O generation, see ye the word of the LORD. Have I been a wilderness unto Israel? a land of darkness? wherefore say my people, We are lords; we will come no more unto thee?
Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
Ezekiel 16:49-50 Behold, this was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy. ... And they were haughty, and committed abomination before me: therefore I took them away as I saw [good].
Hosea 13:6 According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten me.
James 5:1-5 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you]. ... Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.

they then:

Jeremiah 9:2 Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men; that I might leave my people, and go from them! for they [be] all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men.
Jeremiah 13:27 I have seen thine adulteries, and thy neighings, the lewdness of thy whoredom, [and] thine abominations on the hills in the fields. Woe unto thee, O Jerusalem! wilt thou not be made clean? when [shall it] once [be]?
Jeremiah 23:10 For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land mourneth; the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up, and their course is evil, and their force [is] not right.
Jeremiah 29:22-23 And of them shall be taken up a curse by all the captivity of Judah which [are] in Babylon, saying, The LORD make thee like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire; ... Because they have committed villany in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbours' wives, and have spoken lying words in my name, which I have not commanded them; even I know, and [am] a witness, saith the LORD.
Leviticus 20:10 And the man that committeth adultery with [another] man's wife, [even he] that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.
Psalms 50:18 When thou sawest a thief, then thou consentedst with him, and hast been partaker with adulterers.
Ezekiel 22:11 And one hath committed abomination with his neighbour's wife; and another hath lewdly defiled his daughter in law; and another in thee hath humbled his sister, his father's daughter.
Hosea 4:2 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
Hosea 4:13-14 They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof [is] good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit adultery. ... I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoredom, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: for themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots: therefore the people [that] doth not understand shall fall.
Hosea 7:4 They [are] all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker, [who] ceaseth from raising after he hath kneaded the dough, until it be leavened.
Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
1 Corinthians 6:9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
Hebrews 13:4 Marriage [is] honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.
James 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.

by troops:

Numbers 25:1-3 And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab. ... And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 20:10. Nu 25:1. Dt 32:15, 21. Jsh 23:7. Ps 50:18. Jr 2:11, 31; 3:19; 9:2; 12:16; 13:27; 23:10; 29:22. Ezk 16:49; 22:11. Ho 4:2, 13, 15; 7:4; 11:8; 13:6. Am 8:14. Zp 1:5. Mal 3:5. Mt 23:37. 1Co 6:9; 8:4. Ga 4:8. He 13:4. Jm 4:4; 5:1.

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