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Jeremiah 5:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They are waxed fat, they shine: yea, they overpass in deeds of wickedness; they plead not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, that they may prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘They are fat, they are sleek, They also excel in deeds of wickedness; They do not plead the cause, The cause of the orphan, that they may prosper; And they do not defend the rights of the poor.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They have become fat, they shine: yes, they surpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They are become fat, they shine, yea, they surpass in deeds of wickedness; they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, and they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not adjudge.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They have waxed fat, they shine, Yea, they have overpassed the records of wickedness. The right, have they not determined, the right of the fatherless, that they might prosper,—Yea, justice to the helpless, have they not decreed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— They have been fat, they have shone, Yea, they have overpassed the acts of the evil, Judgment they have not judged, The judgment of the fatherless—and they prosper, And the judgment of the needy they have not judged.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They are grown gross and fat: and have most wickedly transgressed my words. They have not judged the cause of the widow, they have not managed the cause of the fatherless, and they have not judged the judgment of the poor.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They are waxen fat, they shine: yea they ouerpasse the deedes of the wicked: they iudge not the cause, the cause of the fatherlesse, yet they prosper: and the right of the needy doe they not iudge.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and they have transgressed [the rule of] judgment; they have not judged the cause of the orphan, nor have they judged the cause of the widow.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They are waxen fat, 8080
{8080} Prime
שָׁמָן
shaman
{shaw-man'}
A primitive root; to shine, that is, (by analogy) be (causatively make) oily or gross.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
they shine: 6245
{6245} Prime
עָשַׁת
`ashath
{aw-shath'}
A primitive root; probably to be sleek, that is, glossy; hence (through the idea of polishing) to excogitate (as if forming in the mind).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
yea, x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
they overpass 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the deeds 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
of the wicked: 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
they judge 1777
{1777} Prime
דִּין
diyn
{deen}
A primitive root (compare H0113); to rule; by implication to judge (as umpire); also to strive (as at law).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
the cause, 1779
{1779} Prime
דִּין
diyn
{deen}
From H1777; judgment (the suit, justice, sentence or tribunal); by implication also strife.
the cause x1779
(1779) Complement
דִּין
diyn
{deen}
From H1777; judgment (the suit, justice, sentence or tribunal); by implication also strife.
of the fatherless, 3490
{3490} Prime
יָתוֹם
yathowm
{yaw-thome'}
From an unused root meaning to be lonely; a bereaved person.
yet they prosper; 6743
{6743} Prime
צָלַח
tsalach
{tsaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to push forward, in various senses (literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
and the right 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
of the needy 34
{0034} Prime
אֶבְיוֹן
'ebyown
{eb-yone'}
From H0014, in the sense of want (especially in feeling); destitute.
do they not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
judge. 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 5:28

_ _ shine — the effect of fatness on the skin (Deuteronomy 32:15). They live a life of self-indulgence.

_ _ overpass ... the wicked — exceed even the Gentiles in wickedness (Jeremiah 2:33; Ezekiel 5:6, Ezekiel 5:7).

_ _ judge not ... fatherless — (Isaiah 1:23).

_ _ yet ... prosper — (Jeremiah 12:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 5:25-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 5:28

Overpass — They go beyond the Heathens themselves in wickedness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 5:28

They have become fat, they shine: yea, they exceed the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they (t) prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

(t) They feel not the plague of God for it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
waxen:

Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
Job 15:27-28 Because he covereth his face with his fatness, and maketh collops of fat on [his] flanks. ... And he dwelleth in desolate cities, [and] in houses which no man inhabiteth, which are ready to become heaps.
Job 21:23-24 One dieth in his full strength, being wholly at ease and quiet. ... His breasts are full of milk, and his bones are moistened with marrow.
Psalms 73:6-7 Therefore pride compasseth them about as a chain; violence covereth them [as] a garment. ... Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish.
Psalms 73:12 Behold, these [are] the ungodly, who prosper in the world; they increase [in] riches.
Psalms 119:70 Their heart is as fat as grease; [but] I delight in thy law.
Amos 4:1 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that [are] in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink.
James 5:4-5 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth. ... Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.

overpass:

Jeremiah 2:33 Why trimmest thou thy way to seek love? therefore hast thou also taught the wicked ones thy ways.
Ezekiel 5:6-7 And she hath changed my judgments into wickedness more than the nations, and my statutes more than the countries that [are] round about her: for they have refused my judgments and my statutes, they have not walked in them. ... Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because ye multiplied more than the nations that [are] round about you, [and] have not walked in my statutes, neither have kept my judgments, neither have done according to the judgments of the nations that [are] round about you;
Ezekiel 16:47-52 Yet hast thou not walked after their ways, nor done after their abominations: but, as [if that were] a very little [thing], thou wast corrupted more than they in all thy ways. ... Thou also, which hast judged thy sisters, bear thine own shame for thy sins that thou hast committed more abominable than they: they are more righteous than thou: yea, be thou confounded also, and bear thy shame, in that thou hast justified thy sisters.
1 Corinthians 5:1 It is reported commonly [that there is] fornication among you, and such fornication as is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his father's wife.

judge:

Jeremiah 22:15-19 Shalt thou reign, because thou closest [thyself] in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, [and] then [it was] well with him? ... He shall be buried with the burial of an ass, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem.
Job 29:12-14 Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and [him that had] none to help him. ... I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment [was] as a robe and a diadem.
Psalms 72:4 He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.
Psalms 82:2-4 How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah. ... Deliver the poor and needy: rid [them] out of the hand of the wicked.
Isaiah 1:23 Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.

yet:

Jeremiah 12:1 Righteous [art] thou, O LORD, when I plead with thee: yet let me talk with thee of [thy] judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? [wherefore] are all they happy that deal very treacherously?
Job 12:6 The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth [abundantly].
Psalms 73:12 Behold, these [are] the ungodly, who prosper in the world; they increase [in] riches.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:15. Jb 12:6; 15:27; 21:23; 29:12. Ps 72:4; 73:6, 12; 82:2; 119:70. Is 1:23. Jr 2:33; 12:1; 22:15. Ezk 5:6; 16:47. Am 4:1. Zc 7:10. 1Co 5:1. Jm 5:4.

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