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Jeremiah 49:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, [saying], Who shall come unto me?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, [saying], Who shall come unto me?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “How boastful you are about the valleys! Your valley is flowing [away], O backsliding daughter Who trusts in her treasures, [saying], ‘Who will come against me?’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Why gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, [saying], Who shall come to me?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys? Thy valley shall flow down, O backsliding daughter, that trusteth in her treasures, [saying,] Who shall come against me?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Why shouldst thou glory in the vales, The flowing of thy vale, O apostate, daughter? She who is trusting in her treasures, [saying,] Who, shall invade, me?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— What—dost thou boast thyself in valleys? Flowed hath thy valley, O backsliding daughter, Who is trusting in her treasures: Who doth come in unto me?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Why gloriest thou in the valleys? thy valley hath flowed away, O delicate daughter, that hast trusted in thy treasures, and hast said: Who shall come to me?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherfore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? That trusted in her treasures, [saying]; Who shall come vnto mee?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Why do ye exult in the plains of the Anakim{gr.Enakim}, thou haughty daughter, that trustest in [thy] treasures, that sayest, Who shall come in to me?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, [saying], Who shall come unto me?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
gloriest 1984
{1984} Prime
הָלַל
halal
{haw-lal'}
A primitive root; to be clear (originally of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show; to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causatively to celebrate; also to stultify.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
thou in the valleys, 6010
{6010} Prime
עֵמֶק
`emeq
{ay'-mek}
From H6009; a vale (that is, broad depression).
thy flowing 2100
{2100} Prime
זוּב
zuwb
{zoob}
A primitive root; to flow freely (as water), that is, (specifically) to have a (sexual) flux; figuratively to waste away; also to overflow.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
valley, 6010
{6010} Prime
עֵמֶק
`emeq
{ay'-mek}
From H6009; a vale (that is, broad depression).
O backsliding 7728
{7728} Prime
שׁוֹבֵב
showbeb
{sho-babe'}
From H7725; apostate, that is, heathenish or (actually) heathen.
daughter? 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
that trusted 982
{0982} Prime
בָּטַח
batach
{baw-takh'}
A primitive root; properly to hie for refuge (but not so precipitately as H2620); figuratively to trust, be confident or sure.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in her treasures, 214
{0214} Prime
אוֹצָר
'owtsar
{o-tsaw'}
From H0686; a depository.
[saying], Who x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
shall come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me?
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 49:4

_ _ thy flowing valley — rather, “thy valley shall flow,” namely with the blood of the slain; in sad contrast to their “valleys” in which they had heretofore “gloried,” as flowing with milk and honey [Grotius]. Or else, as Margin, “shall flow away.

_ _ backsliding — apostate from Jehovah, the God of their father Lot, to Molech.

_ _ treasures — her resources for resisting the foe.

_ _ Who shall, etc. — Who can come ... (Jeremiah 21:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 49:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 49:4

Flowing — Either flowing with water, or plenty of corn and grass.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 49:4

Why gloriest thou in the (e) valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, [saying], Who shall come to me?

(e) In your plentiful country.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
gloriest:

Jeremiah 9:23 Thus saith the LORD, Let not the wise [man] glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty [man] glory in his might, let not the rich [man] glory in his riches:
Isaiah 28:1-4 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty [is] a fading flower, which [are] on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine! ... And the glorious beauty, which [is] on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, [and] as the hasty fruit before the summer; which [when] he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.
Isaiah 47:7-8 And thou saidst, I shall be a lady for ever: [so] that thou didst not lay these [things] to thy heart, neither didst remember the latter end of it. ... Therefore hear now this, [thou that art] given to pleasures, that dwellest carelessly, that sayest in thine heart, I [am], and none else beside me; I shall not sit [as] a widow, neither shall I know the loss of children:
Revelation 18:7 How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.

thy flowing valley:
or, they valley floweth away

O backsliding:

Jeremiah 3:14 Turn, O backsliding children, saith the LORD; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion:
Jeremiah 7:24 But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the counsels [and] in the imagination of their evil heart, and went backward, and not forward.
Hosea 4:16 For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.

trusted:

Jeremiah 48:7 For because thou hast trusted in thy works and in thy treasures, thou shalt also be taken: and Chemosh shall go forth into captivity [with] his priests and his princes together.
Psalms 49:6 They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches;
Psalms 52:7 Lo, [this is] the man [that] made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, [and] strengthened himself in his wickedness.
Psalms 62:10 Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart [upon them].
Proverbs 10:15 The rich man's wealth [is] his strong city: the destruction of the poor [is] their poverty.
Ezekiel 28:4-7 With thy wisdom and with thine understanding thou hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten gold and silver into thy treasures: ... Behold, therefore I will bring strangers upon thee, the terrible of the nations: and they shall draw their swords against the beauty of thy wisdom, and they shall defile thy brightness.
1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;

Who:

Jeremiah 49:16 Thy terribleness hath deceived thee, [and] the pride of thine heart, O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 21:13 Behold, I [am] against thee, O inhabitant of the valley, [and] rock of the plain, saith the LORD; which say, Who shall come down against us? or who shall enter into our habitations?
Obadiah 1:4-5 Though thou exalt [thyself] as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith the LORD. ... If thieves came to thee, if robbers by night, (how art thou cut off!) would they not have stolen till they had enough? if the grapegatherers came to thee, would they not leave [some] grapes?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 49:6; 52:7; 62:10. Pv 10:15. Is 28:1; 47:7. Jr 3:14; 7:24; 9:23; 21:13; 48:7; 49:16. Ezk 28:4. Ho 4:16. Ob 1:4. 1Ti 6:17. Rv 18:7.

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