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Jeremiah 49:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therefore hear ye the counsel of Jehovah, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely they shall drag them away, [even] the little ones of the flock; surely he shall make their habitation desolate over them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitations desolate with them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore hear the plan of the LORD which He has planned against Edom, and His purposes which He has purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: surely they will drag them off, [even] the little ones of the flock; surely He will make their pasture desolate because of them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitations desolate with them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Therefore hear the counsel of Jehovah, which he hath taken against Edom, and his purposes which he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: The little ones of the flock shall certainly draw them away; he shall certainly make their habitation desolate for them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, hear ye, The counsel of Yahweh, which he hath counseled against Edom, And his devices which he hath devised against the inhabitants of Teman,—Surely the little ones of the flock, shall drag them away, Surely he will cause their fold to be astounded over them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Therefore, hear ye the counsel of Jehovah, That He hath counselled concerning Edom, And His devices that He hath devised Concerning the inhabitants of Teman: Drag them out do not little ones of the flock, Make desolate over them doth he not their habitation?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore hear ye the counsel of the Lord, which he hath taken concerning Edom: and his thoughts which he hath thought concerning the inhabitants of Theman: surely the little ones of the flock shall cast them down, of a truth they shall destroy them with their habitation.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therfore heare the counsell of the LORD, that he hath taken against Edom, & his purposes that hee hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: surely the least of the flocke shall draw them out: surely hee shall make their habitations desolate with them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Therefore hear ye the counsel of the Lord, which he has framed against Edom{gr.Idumea}; and his device, which he has devised against the inhabitants of Teman{gr.Thaeman}: surely the least of the sheep shall be swept off; surely their dwelling shall be made desolate for them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore hear the counsel of Yahweh, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitations desolate with them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
hear 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the counsel 6098
{6098} Prime
עֵצָה
`etsah
{ay-tsaw'}
From H3289; advice; by implication plan; also prudence.
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he hath taken 3289
{3289} Prime
יָעַץ
ya`ats
{yaw-ats'}
A primitive root; to advise; reflexively to deliberate or resolve.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
against x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
m אֱדוֹם; 123
{0123} Prime
אֱדֹם
'Edom
{ed-ome'}
From H0122; red (see Genesis 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occuped by him.
and his purposes, 4284
{4284} Prime
מַחֲשָׁבָה
machashabah
{makh-ash-aw-baw'}
From H2803; a contrivance, that is, (concretely) a texture, machine, or (abstractly) intention, plan (whether bad, a plot; or good, advice).
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he hath purposed 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
against x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the inhabitants 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of Tmn תֵּימָן: 8487
{8487} Prime
תֵּימָן
Teyman
{tay-mawn'}
The same as H8486; Teman, the name of two Edomites, and of the region and descendants of one of them.
Surely x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
the least 6810
{6810} Prime
צָעִיר
tsa`iyr
{tsaw-eer'}
From H6819; little; (in number) few; (in age) young, (in value) ignoble.
of the flock 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
shall draw them out: 5498
{5498} Prime
סָחַב
cachab
{saw-khab'}
A primitive root; to trail along.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
surely x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
he shall make their habitations 5116
{5116} Prime
נָוֶה
naveh
{naw-veh'}
From H5115; (adjective) at home; hence (by implication of satisfaction) lovely; also (noun) a home, of God (temple), men (residence), flocks (pasture), or wild animals (den).
desolate 8074
{8074} Prime
שָׁמֵם
shamem
{shaw-mame'}
A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
with x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 49:20

_ _ least of the flock — the weakest and humblest of the Chaldean host. Compare Jeremiah 6:3, where the hostile leaders and their hosts are called “shepherds and their flocks.”

_ _ draw ... out — “shall drag them away captive” [Grotius]; shall drag them to and fro, as a lion (Jeremiah 49:19) does feeble sheep [Maurer].

_ _ with them — that is, the habitation which they possess.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 49:7-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 49:20

Teman — Edom and Teman signify the same thing. The least — The least of Nebuchadrezzar's forces shall drag them out of their lurking places.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 49:20

Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least (t) of the flock shall draw them out: surely (u) he shall make their habitations desolate with them.

(t) They will not be able to resist his petty captains.

(u) To visit the enemy.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the counsel:

Jeremiah 50:45 Therefore hear ye the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Babylon; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make [their] habitation desolate with them.
Psalms 33:11 The counsel of the LORD standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.
Proverbs 19:21 [There are] many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel of the LORD, that shall stand.
Isaiah 14:24-27 The LORD of hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, [so] shall it stand: ... For the LORD of hosts hath purposed, and who shall disannul [it]? and his hand [is] stretched out, and who shall turn it back?
Isaiah 46:10-11 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times [the things] that are not [yet] done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure: ... Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I have spoken [it], I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed [it], I will also do it.
Acts 4:28 For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.
Ephesians 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

Teman:

Jeremiah 49:7 Concerning Edom, thus saith the LORD of hosts; [Is] wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished?
Job 6:19-20 The troops of Tema looked, the companies of Sheba waited for them. ... They were confounded because they had hoped; they came thither, and were ashamed.

Surely:
The prophet having given the name of the shepherd to the generals of the army, pursues the same metaphor, calling the common soldiers, "the least of the flock;" who shall have strength and courage enough to the defeat the Idumean forces.
Jeremiah 37:10 For though ye had smitten the whole army of the Chaldeans that fight against you, and there remained [but] wounded men among them, [yet] should they rise up every man in his tent, and burn this city with fire.
Jeremiah 50:45 Therefore hear ye the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Babylon; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make [their] habitation desolate with them.
Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This [is] the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.
1 Corinthians 1:27-29 But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; ... That no flesh should glory in his presence.

make:

Jeremiah 49:13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.
Jeremiah 49:17-18 Also Edom shall be a desolation: every one that goeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof. ... As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour [cities] thereof, saith the LORD, no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it.
Malachi 1:3-4 And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness. ... Whereas Edom saith, We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate places; thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, but I will throw down; and they shall call them, The border of wickedness, and, The people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 6:19. Ps 33:11. Pv 19:21. Is 14:24; 46:10. Jr 37:10; 49:7, 13, 17; 50:45. Zc 4:6. Mal 1:3. Ac 4:28. 1Co 1:27. Ep 1:11.

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