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Jeremiah 48:45 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They that fled stand without strength under the shadow of Heshbon; for a fire is gone forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and hath devoured the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “In the shadow of Heshbon The fugitives stand without strength; For a fire has gone forth from Heshbon And a flame from the midst of Sihon, And it has devoured the forehead of Moab And the scalps of the riotous revelers.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They that fled stood under the shade of Heshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon powerless; for a fire hath come forth from Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and hath consumed the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the sons of tumult.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In the shadow of Heshbon, stand strengthless, the fugitives,—For, a fire, hath gone forth out of Heshbon, And shall flame out of the midst of Sihon, And shall devour the beard of Moab, And the crown of the head of the proudly tumultuous.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In the shadow of Heshbon stood powerless have fugitives, For fire hath gone forth from Heshbon, And a flame from within Sihon, And it consumeth the corner of Moab, And the crown of the sons of Shaon.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They that fled from the snare stood in the shadow of Hesebon: but there came a fire out of Hesebon, and a flame out of the midst of Seon, and it shall devour part of Moab, and the crown of the head of the children of tumult.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They that fled, stood vnder the shadow of Heshbon, because of the force: but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the middest of Sihon, and shall deuoure the corner of Moab, and the crowne of the head of the tumultuous ones.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They that fled stood under the shadow of Cheshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come forth out of Cheshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sichon, and shall devour the corner of Moav, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They that fled 5127
{5127} Prime
נוּס
nuwc
{noos}
A primitive root; to flit, that is, vanish away (subside, escape; causatively chase, impel, deliver).
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
stood 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
under the shadow 6738
{6738} Prime
צֵל
tsel
{tsale}
From H6751; shade, whether literally or figuratively.
of ebn חֶשׁבּוֹן 2809
{2809} Prime
חֶשְׁבּוֹן
Cheshbown
{khesh-bone'}
The same as H2808; Cheshbon, a place East of the Jordan.
because of the force: 3581
{3581} Prime
כֹּחַ
koach
{ko'-akh}
From an unused root meaning to be firm; vigor, literally (force, in a good or a bad sense) or figuratively (capacity, means, produce); also (from its hardiness) a large lizard.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
but x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
a fire 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
shall come forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
out of ebn חֶשׁבּוֹן, 2809
{2809} Prime
חֶשְׁבּוֹן
Cheshbown
{khesh-bone'}
The same as H2808; Cheshbon, a place East of the Jordan.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and a flame 3852
{3852} Prime
לֶהָבָה
lehabah
{leh-aw-baw'}
Feminine of H3851, and meaning the same.
from the midst 996
{0996} Prime
בַּיִן
beyn
{bane}
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Sn סִיחוֹן, 5511
{5511} Prime
סִיחוֹן
Ciychown
{see-khone'}
From the same as H5477; tempestuous; Sichon, an Amoritish king.
and shall devour 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the corner 6285
{6285} Prime
פֵּאָה
pe'ah
{pay-aw'}
Feminine of H6311; properly mouth in a figurative sense, that is, direction, region, extremity.
of Mv מוֹאָב, 4124
{4124} Prime
מוֹאָב
Mow'ab
{mo-awb'}
From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix 'm-' and H0001; from (her (the mother's)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants.
and the crown of the head 6936
{6936} Prime
קָדְקֹד
qodqod
{kod-kode'}
From H6915; the crown of the head (as the part most bowed).
of the tumultuous 7588
{7588} Prime
שָׁאוֹן
sha'own
{shaw-one'}
From H7582; uproar (as of rushing); by implication destruction.
ones. 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 48:45

_ _ under ... shadow of Heshbon — They thought that they would be safe in Heshbon.

_ _ because of the force — that is, “they that fled because of the force” of the enemy: they that fled from it. Glassius translates, “through want of strength.” So the Hebrew particle is translated (Psalms 109:24), “faileth of fatness,” that is, “faileth through want of fatness”; also Lamentations 4:9.

_ _ but a fire, etc. — copied in part from Sihon’s hymn of victory (Numbers 21:27, Numbers 21:28). The old “proverb” shall hold good again. As in ancient times Sihon, king of the Amorites, issued forth from his city, Heshbon, as a devouring “flame” and consumed Moab, so now the Chaldeans, making Heshbon their starting-point, shall advance to the destruction of Moab.

_ _ midst of Sihon — that is, the city of Sihon.

_ _ corner of Moab — that is, Moab from one corner to the other.

_ _ crown of ... head — the most elevated points of Moab. Making some alterations, he here copies Balaam’s prophecy (Numbers 24:17). Margin there translates “princes” for corners; if so, “crown of ... head” here refers to the nobles.

_ _ tumultuous onessons of tumult; those who have tumultuously revolted from Babylon. Heshbon passed from the Amorite to the Israelite sway. Moab had wrested it from Israel and helped the Chaldeans against the Jews; but revolting from Babylon, they brought ruin on themselves in turn.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 48:14-47.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 48:45

Heshbon — Heshbon was it seems a place of force. The crown — That is, the glory.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 48:45

They that fled stood under the shadow (z) of Heshbon because of the force: but (a) a fire shall come out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

(z) They fled there thinking to have comfort from the Amorites.

(a) The Amorites had destroyed the Moabites in times past, and now because of their power the Moabites will seek them for help.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a fire:

Numbers 21:28 For there is a fire gone out of Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon: it hath consumed Ar of Moab, [and] the lords of the high places of Arnon.
Amos 2:2 But I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the palaces of Kerioth: and Moab shall die with tumult, with shouting, [and] with the sound of the trumpet:

devour:

Numbers 24:17 I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.
Zechariah 10:4 Out of him came forth the corner, out of him the nail, out of him the battle bow, out of him every oppressor together.
Matthew 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

tumultuous ones:
Heb. children of noise
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Nu 21:28; 24:17. Am 2:2. Zc 10:4. Mt 21:42.

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