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Jeremiah 48:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— From the cry of Heshbon even unto Elealeh, even unto Jahaz have they uttered their voice, from Zoar even unto Horonaim, to Eglath-shelishiyah: for the waters of Nimrim also shall become desolate.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— From the cry of Heshbon [even] unto Elealeh, [and even] unto Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar [even] unto Horonaim, [as] an heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “From the outcry at Heshbon even to Elealeh, even to Jahaz they have raised their voice, from Zoar even to Horonaim [and to] Eglath-shelishiyah; for even the waters of Nimrim will become desolate.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— From the cry of Heshbon [even] to Elealeh, [and even] to Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar [even] to Horonaim, [as] a heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Because of the cry from Heshbon, unto Elaleh, unto Jahaz have they uttered their voice, from Zoar unto Horonaim, [unto] Eglath-shelishijah: for even the waters of Nimrim shall become desolations.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— From the outcry of Heshbon, Even unto Elealeh, Even unto Jahaz, have they given forth their voice, From Zoar even unto Horonaim, the third Eglath,—For, even the waters of Nimrim, to utter desolation, have been turned:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Because of the cry of Heshbon unto Elealeh, Unto Jahaz they have given their voice, From Zoar unto Horonaim, A heifer of the third [year], For even waters of Nimrim become desolations.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— From the cry of Hesebon even to Eleale, and to Jasa, they have uttered their voice: from Segor to Oronaim, as a heifer of three years old: the waters also of Nemrim shall be very bad.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— From the cry of Heshbon euen vnto Elealeh, [and] euen vnto Iahaz haue they vttered their voyce, from Zoar euen vnto Horonaim [as] an heifer of three yeeres old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— From the cry of Heshbon{gr.Esebon} even to Aetam their cities uttered their voice, from Zogor to Oronaim, and their tidings [as] a heifer of three years old, for the water also of Nebrin shall be dried up.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— From the cry of Cheshbon [even] unto Elaleh, [and even] unto Yahatz, have they uttered their voice, from Tzoar [even] unto Choronayim, [as] an heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
From the cry 2201
{2201} Prime
זַעַק
za`aq
{zah'-ak}
(Feminine): from H2199; a shriek or outcry.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of ebn חֶשׁבּוֹן 2809
{2809} Prime
חֶשְׁבּוֹן
Cheshbown
{khesh-bone'}
The same as H2808; Cheshbon, a place East of the Jordan.
[even] unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
El`l אֶלעָלֵה, 500
{0500} Prime
אֶלְעָלֵא
'El`ale'
{el-aw-lay'}
From H0410 and H5927; God (is) going up; Elale or Elaleh, a place east of the Jordan.
[and even] unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
Yahax יַהַץ, 3096
{3096} Prime
יַהַץ
Yahats
{yah'-hats}
From an unused root meaning to stamp; perhaps threshing floor; Jahats or Jahtsah, a place East of the Jordan.
have they uttered 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
their voice, 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
from X`ar צֹעַר 6820
{6820} Prime
צֹעַר
Tso`ar
{tso'-ar}
From H6819; little; Tsoar, a place East of the Jordan.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[even] unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
rnayim חוֹרֹנַיִם, 2773
{2773} Prime
חֹרֹנַיִם
Choronayim
{kho-ro-nah'-yim}
Dual of a derivative from H2356; double cave town; Choronajim, a place in Moab.
[as] an heifer 5697
{5697} Prime
עֶגְלָה
`eglah
{eg-law'}
Feminine of H5695; a (female) calf, especially one nearly grown (that is, a heifer).
of three years old: 7992
{7992} Prime
שְׁלִישִׁי
sh@liyshiy
{shel-ee-shee'}
Ordinal from H7969; third; feminine a third (part); by extension a third (day, year or time); specifically a third story cell).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the waters 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
of Nimrm נִמרִים 5249
{5249} Prime
נִמְרִים
Nimriym
{nim-reem'}
Plural of a masculine corresponding to H5247; clear waters; Nimrim, a place East of the Jordan.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
desolate. 4923
{4923} Prime
מְשַׁמָּה
m@shammah
{mesh-am-maw'}
From H8074; a waste or amazement.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 48:34

_ _ From the cry of Heshbon, etc. — Those who fly from Heshbon on its capture shall continue the cry even as far as Elealeh .... There will be continued cries in all quarters, from one end to the other, everywhere slaughter and wasting.

_ _ as an heifer of three years old — Moab heretofore not having known foreign yoke, and in its full strength, is compared to an heifer of three years old, never yet yoked, nor as yet worn out with many birth-givings (compare Note, see on Isaiah 15:5).

_ _ waters ... of Nimrim — that is, the well-watered and therefore luxuriant pastures of Nimrim.

_ _ desolate — The Hebrew is stronger: not merely shall be “desolate,” but desolation itself multiplied: plural, “desolations.” The most fertile tracts shall be dried up.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 48:14-47.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 48:34

From the cry of Heshbon [even] to Elealeh, [and even] to Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar [even] to Horonaim, [as] an (t) heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate.

(t) See Isaiah 15:5

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the cry:

Jeremiah 48:2 [There shall be] no more praise of Moab: in Heshbon they have devised evil against it; come, and let us cut it off from [being] a nation. Also thou shalt be cut down, O Madmen; the sword shall pursue thee.
Isaiah 15:4-6 And Heshbon shall cry, and Elealeh: their voice shall be heard [even] unto Jahaz: therefore the armed soldiers of Moab shall cry out; his life shall be grievous unto him. ... For the waters of Nimrim shall be desolate: for the hay is withered away, the grass faileth, there is no green thing.

Elealeh:

Numbers 32:37 And the children of Reuben built Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathaim,

Jahaz:

Jeremiah 48:21 And judgment is come upon the plain country; upon Holon, and upon Jahazah, and upon Mephaath,
, Jahazah

Zoar:

Jeremiah 48:3 A voice of crying [shall be] from Horonaim, spoiling and great destruction.
Jeremiah 48:5 For in the going up of Luhith continual weeping shall go up; for in the going down of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction.
Deuteronomy 34:3 And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar.
Isaiah 15:5 My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives [shall flee] unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.

as an heifer of:
As a young cow, when deprived of her first calf; which runs about from place to place, filling the air with loud and repeated lowings, expressive of the deepest distress.

Nimrim:

Numbers 32:3 Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Shebam, and Nebo, and Beon,
, Nimrah,
Numbers 32:36 And Bethnimrah, and Bethharan, fenced cities: and folds for sheep.
, Beth-nimrah,
Isaiah 15:6 For the waters of Nimrim shall be desolate: for the hay is withered away, the grass faileth, there is no green thing.

desolate:
Heb. desolations
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Nu 32:3, 36, 37. Dt 34:3. Is 15:4, 5, 6. Jr 48:2, 3, 5, 21.

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