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Jeremiah 47:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— because of the day that cometh to destroy all the Philistines, to cut off from Tyre and Sidon every helper that remaineth: for Jehovah will destroy the Philistines, the remnant of the isle of Caphtor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Because of the day that cometh to spoil all the Philistines, [and] to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon every helper that remaineth: for the LORD will spoil the Philistines, the remnant of the country of Caphtor.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— On account of the day that is coming To destroy all the Philistines, To cut off from Tyre and Sidon Every ally that is left; For the LORD is going to destroy the Philistines, The remnant of the coastland of Caphtor.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Because of the day that cometh to lay waste all the Philistines, [and] to cut off from Tyre and Zidon every helper that remaineth: for the LORD will lay waste the Philistines, the remnant of the country of Caphtor.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— because of the day that cometh to lay waste all the Philistines, to cut off from Tyre and Sidon every helper that remaineth; for Jehovah will lay waste the Philistines, the remnant of the island of Caphtor.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— On account of the day that cometh to lay waste all the Philistines, To cut off from Tyre, and Zidon, every escaped one that could have helped,—For Yahweh, is laying waste, the Philistines, The remnant of the Coastland of Caphtor.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Because of the day that hath come to spoil all the Philistines, To cut off to Tyre and to Zidon every helping remnant. For Jehovah is spoiling the Philistines, The remnant of the isle of Caphtor.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Because of the coming of the day, in which all the Philistines shall be laid waste, and Tyre and Sidon shall be destroyed, with all the rest of their helpers. For the Lord hath wasted the Philistines, the remnant of the isle of Cappadocia.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Because of the day that commeth to spoile all the Philistines, [and] to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon euery helper that remaineth: for the LORD will spoile the Philistines, the remnant of the countrey of Caphtor.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— in the day that is coming to destroy all the Philistines: and I will utterly destroy Tyre and Zidon{gr.Sidon} and all the rest of their allies: for the Lord will destroy the remaining [inhabitants] of the islands.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Because of the day that cometh to spoil all the Pelishtim, [and] to cut off from Tzor and Tzidon every helper that remaineth: for Yahweh will spoil the Pelishtim, the remnant of the country of Kaftor.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Because of x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
that cometh 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to spoil 7703
{7703} Prime
שָׁדַד
shadad
{shaw-dad'}
A primitive root; properly to be burly, that is, (figuratively) powerful (passively impregnable); by implication to ravage.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים, 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
[and] to cut off 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
from Xr צוֹר 6865
{6865} Prime
צֹר
Tsor
{tsore}
The same as H6864; a rock; Tsor, a place in Palestine.
and Xn צִידוֹן 6721
{6721} Prime
צִידוֹן
Tsiydown
{tsee-done'}
From H6679 in the sense of catching fish; fishery; Tsidon, the name of a son of Canaan, and of a place in Palestine.
every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
helper 5826
{5826} Prime
עָזַר
`azar
{aw-zar'}
A primitive root; to surround, that is, protect or aid.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
that remaineth: 8300
{8300} Prime
שָׂרִיד
sariyd
{saw-reed'}
From H8277; a survivor.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
will spoil 7703
{7703} Prime
שָׁדַד
shadad
{shaw-dad'}
A primitive root; properly to be burly, that is, (figuratively) powerful (passively impregnable); by implication to ravage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים, 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
the remnant 7611
{7611} Prime
שְׁאֵרִית
sh@'eriyth
{sheh-ay-reeth'}
From H7604; a remainder or residual (surviving, final) portion.
of the country 339
{0339} Prime
אִי
'iy
{ee}
From H0183; properly a habitable spot (as desirable); dry land, a coast, an island.
of Caftr כַּפתּוֹר. 3731
{3731} Prime
כַּפְתֹּר
Kaphtor
{kaf-tore'}
Apparently the same as H3730; Caphtor (that is, a wreath shaped island), the original seat of the Philistines.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 47:4

_ _ every helper — The Philistines, being neighbors to the Phoenicians of Tyre and Sidon, would naturally make common cause with them in the case of invasion. These cities would have no helper left when the Philistines should be destroyed.

_ _ Caphtor — the Caphtorim and Philistines both came from Mizraim (Genesis 10:13, Genesis 10:14). The Philistines are said to have been delivered by God from Caphtor (Amos 9:7). Perhaps before the time of Moses they dwelt near and were subjugated by the Caphtorim (Deuteronomy 2:23) and subsequently delivered. “The remnant” means here those still left after the Egyptians had attacked Gaza and Palestine; or rather, those left of the Caphtorim after the Chaldeans had attacked them previous to their attack on the Philistines. Some identify Caphtor with Cappadocia; Gesenius, with Crete (Ezekiel 25:16, Cherethims); Kitto, Cyprus. Between Palestine and Idumea there was a city Caparorsa; and their close connection with Palestine on the one hand, and Egypt (Mizraim, Genesis 10:13, Genesis 10:14) on the other hand, makes this locality the most likely.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 47:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 47:4

The day — Which God hath set, and appointed for their ruin. Caphtor — Tyre and Sidon were neighbours to the Philistines, and so were often called to their help. The Philistines and Caphtorim were related, for their first progenitors, Philistim and Caphtorim, were both the sons of Mizriam the son of Ham, one of the sons of Noah.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 47:4

Because of the day that cometh to lay waste all the Philistines, [and] to cut off from Tyre and Zidon every helper that remaineth: for the LORD will lay waste the Philistines, the remnant of the country of (e) Caphtor.

(e) For the Caphtorims had destroyed in old time the Philistines, and dwelt in their land even to Gaza, (Deuteronomy 2:23).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the day:

Jeremiah 46:10 For this [is] the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.
Psalms 37:13 The Lord shall laugh at him: for he seeth that his day is coming.
Isaiah 10:3 And what will ye do in the day of visitation, and in the desolation [which] shall come from far? to whom will ye flee for help? and where will ye leave your glory?
Ezekiel 7:5-7 Thus saith the Lord GOD; An evil, an only evil, behold, is come. ... The morning is come unto thee, O thou that dwellest in the land: the time is come, the day of trouble [is] near, and not the sounding again of the mountains.
Ezekiel 7:12 The time is come, the day draweth near: let not the buyer rejoice, nor the seller mourn: for wrath [is] upon all the multitude thereof.
Ezekiel 21:25 And thou, profane wicked prince of Israel, whose day is come, when iniquity [shall have] an end,
Ezekiel 21:29 Whiles they see vanity unto thee, whiles they divine a lie unto thee, to bring thee upon the necks of [them that are] slain, of the wicked, whose day is come, when their iniquity [shall have] an end.
Hosea 9:7 The days of visitation are come, the days of recompence are come; Israel shall know [it]: the prophet [is] a fool, the spiritual man [is] mad, for the multitude of thine iniquity, and the great hatred.
Luke 21:22 For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.

Tyrus:

Jeremiah 25:20-22 And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod, ... And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the isles which [are] beyond the sea,
Isaiah 23:1-18 The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them. ... And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.
Ezekiel 26:1-28:26 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first [day] of the month, [that] the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, ... And they shall dwell safely therein, and shall build houses, and plant vineyards; yea, they shall dwell with confidence, when I have executed judgments upon all those that despise them round about them; and they shall know that I [am] the LORD their God.
Joel 3:4-8 Yea, and what have ye to do with me, O Tyre, and Zidon, and all the coasts of Palestine? will ye render me a recompence? and if ye recompense me, swiftly [and] speedily will I return your recompence upon your own head; ... And I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people far off: for the LORD hath spoken [it].
Amos 1:9-10 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they delivered up the whole captivity to Edom, and remembered not the brotherly covenant: ... But I will send a fire on the wall of Tyrus, which shall devour the palaces thereof.
Zechariah 9:2-5 And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though it be very wise. ... Ashkelon shall see [it], and fear; Gaza also [shall see it], and be very sorrowful, and Ekron; for her expectation shall be ashamed; and the king shall perish from Gaza, and Ashkelon shall not be inhabited.

every:

Job 9:13 [If] God will not withdraw his anger, the proud helpers do stoop under him.
Isaiah 20:6 And the inhabitant of this isle shall say in that day, Behold, such [is] our expectation, whither we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria: and how shall we escape?
Isaiah 31:8 Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.
Ezekiel 30:8 And they shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have set a fire in Egypt, and [when] all her helpers shall be destroyed.

the remnant:

Ezekiel 25:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will stretch out mine hand upon the Philistines, and I will cut off the Cherethims, and destroy the remnant of the sea coast.
Amos 1:8 And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord GOD.
Amos 9:7 [Are] ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir?

country:
Heb. isle,
Joshua 22:30 And when Phinehas the priest, and the princes of the congregation and heads of the thousands of Israel which [were] with him, heard the words that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spake, it pleased them.
Isaiah 20:6 And the inhabitant of this isle shall say in that day, Behold, such [is] our expectation, whither we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria: and how shall we escape?

Caphtor:

Genesis 10:13-14 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, ... And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.
, Caphtorim,
Deuteronomy 2:23 And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, [even] unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
1 Chronicles 1:12 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (of whom came the Philistines,) and Caphthorim.
, Caphthorim,
Amos 9:7 [Are] ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:13. Dt 2:23. Jsh 22:30. 1Ch 1:12. Jb 9:13. Ps 37:13. Is 10:3; 20:6; 23:1; 31:8. Jr 25:20; 46:10. Ezk 7:5, 12; 21:25, 29; 25:16; 26:1; 30:8. Ho 9:7. Jol 3:4. Am 1:8, 9; 9:7. Zc 9:2. Lk 21:22.

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Meiner Auffassung nach ist im hebrischen Ur-Text bei Jeremiah 47:4, mit i kaphtor als Herkunftsort der Philister, weder von einer Insel, noch von einem Land (mit Namen) Kaphtor die Rede, ...geschweige von einer Insel Cappadocia oder Kreta; es ergben einfach keinen Sinn:
Das alt-hebrische }i{ bezeichnet ein (wie auch immer geartetes) Land. In diesem Falle die Gegend, Region oder den Ort, wo Kaphtor steht.
- EckartKahlhofer@t-online.de (2/17/2013 4:56:21 AM)
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