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Jeremiah 46:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Egypt is a very fair heifer; [but] destruction out of the north is come, it is come.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Egypt [is like] a very fair heifer, [but] destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Egypt is a pretty heifer, [But] a horsefly is coming from the north—it is coming!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Egypt [is like] a very fair heifer, [but] destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Egypt is a very fair heifer; the gad-fly cometh, it cometh from the north.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A calf of great beauty, is Egypt: The gad-fly, out of the North, cometh—cometh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A heifer very fair [is] Egypt, Rending from the north doth come into her.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Egypt is like a fair and beautiful heifer: there shall come from the north one that shall goad her.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Egypt is like a very faire heifer, [but] destruction commeth: it commeth out of the North.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Mizraim{gr.Egypt} is a fair heifer, [but] destruction from the north is come upon her.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Mitzrayim [is like] a very fair heifer, [but] destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Mixrayim מִצרַיִם 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
[is like] a very fair 3304
{3304} Prime
יְפֵה־פִיָּה
y@pheh-phiyah
{yef-eh' fee-yaw'}
From H3302 by reduplication; very beautiful.
heifer, 5697
{5697} Prime
עֶגְלָה
`eglah
{eg-law'}
Feminine of H5695; a (female) calf, especially one nearly grown (that is, a heifer).
[but] destruction 7171
{7171} Prime
קֶרֶץ
qerets
{keh'-rets}
From H7169; extirpation (as if by constriction).
cometh; 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
it cometh x935
(0935) Complement
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
out y935
[0935] Standard
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
of the north. 6828
{6828} Prime
צָפוֹן
tsaphown
{tsaw-fone'}
From H6845; properly hidden, that is, dark; used only of the north as a quarter (gloomy and unknown).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 46:13-26.


Jeremiah 46:20

_ _ heifer — wanton, like a fat, untamed heifer (Hosea 10:11). Appropriate to Egypt, where Apis was worshipped under the form of a fair bull marked with spots.

_ _ destruction — that is, a destroyer: Nebuchadnezzar. Vulgate translates, “a goader,” answering to the metaphor, “one who will goad the heifer” and tame her. The Arabic idiom favors this [Rosenmuller].

_ _ cometh ... cometh — The repetition implies, it cometh surely and quickly (Psalms 96:13).

_ _ out of the north — (See on Jeremiah 1:14; Jeremiah 47:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 46:13-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 46:20

A serpent — Egypt is now like an heifer that makes a great bellowing, but the time shall come when she shall make a lesser noise like the hissing of a serpent. With axes — For the Chaldeans shall come with an army, armed with battle — axes, as if they came to fell wood in a forest.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 46:20

Egypt [is like] a very (q) fair heifer, [but] destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.

(q) They have abundance of all things, and therefore are disobedient and proud.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a very:

Jeremiah 50:11 Because ye were glad, because ye rejoiced, O ye destroyers of mine heritage, because ye are grown fat as the heifer at grass, and bellow as bulls;
Hosea 10:11 And Ephraim [is as] an heifer [that is] taught, [and] loveth to tread out [the corn]; but I passed over upon her fair neck: I will make Ephraim to ride; Judah shall plow, [and] Jacob shall break his clods.

it cometh:

Jeremiah 46:6 Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.
Jeremiah 46:10 For this [is] the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.
Jeremiah 1:14 Then the LORD said unto me, Out of the north an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land.
Jeremiah 25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
Jeremiah 47:2 Thus saith the LORD; Behold, waters rise up out of the north, and shall be an overflowing flood, and shall overflow the land, and all that is therein; the city, and them that dwell therein: then the men shall cry, and all the inhabitants of the land shall howl.
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Jr 1:14; 25:9; 46:6, 10; 47:2; 50:11. Ho 10:11.

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