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Jeremiah 41:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that there came men from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, even fourscore men, having their beards shaven and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with meal-offerings and frankincense in their hand, to bring them to the house of Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That there came certain from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, [even] fourscore men, having their beards shaven, and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with offerings and incense in their hand, to bring [them] to the house of the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— that eighty men came from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria with their beards shaved off and their clothes torn and their bodies gashed, having grain offerings and incense in their hands to bring to the house of the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That there came men from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, [even] eighty men, having their beards shaven, and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with offerings and incense in their hand, to bring [them] to the house of the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— that there came men from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, eighty men, having their beards shaven and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves; with oblations and incense in their hand, to bring them to the house of Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— that men came in from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria,—eighty men, with beards shaven and clothes rent, who also had cut themselves, with a meal-offering and frankincense in their hand, to bring them into the house of Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that men come in from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria—eighty men—with shaven beards, and rent garments, and cutting themselves, and an offering and frankincense in their hand, to bring in to the house of Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— There came some from Sichem, and from Silo, and from Samaria, fourscore men, with their beards shaven, and their clothes rent, and mourning: and they had offerings and incense in their hand, to offer in the house of the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That there came certaine from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, [euen] fourescore men, hauing their beards shauen, and their clothes rent, and hauing cut themselues, with offerings and incense in their hand, to bring [them] to the house of the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— that there came men from Shechem{gr.Sychem}, and from Salem, and from Samaria, [even] eighty men, having their beards shaven, and their clothes rent, and beating their breasts, and [they had] manna and frankincense in their hands, to bring [them] into the house of the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— That there came certain from Shekhem, from Shiloh, and from Shomron, [even] fourscore men, having their beards shaven, and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with offerings and incense in their hand, to bring [them] to the house of Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That there came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
certain y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
from em שְׁכֶם, 7927
{7927} Prime
שְׁכֶם
Sh@kem
{shek-em'}
The same as H7926; ridge; Shekem, a place in Palestine.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
from l שִׁילֹה, 7887
{7887} Prime
שִׁילֹה
Shiyloh
{shee-lo'}
From the same as H7886; Shiloh, a place in Palestine.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and from mrn שֹׁמרוֹן, 8111
{8111} Prime
שֹׁמְרוֹן
Shom@rown
{sho-mer-one'}
From the active participle of H8104; watch station; Shomeron, a place in Palestine.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[even] fourscore 8084
{8084} Prime
שְׁמֹנִים
sh@moniym
{shem-o-neem'}
Multiplicative from H8083; eighty; also eightieth.
men, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
having their beards 2206
{2206} Prime
זָקָן
zaqan
{zaw-kawn'}
From H2204; the beard (as indicating age).
shaven, 1548
{1548} Prime
גָּלַח
galach
{gaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; properly to be bald, that is, (causatively) to shave; figuratively to lay waste.
z8794
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
and their clothes 899
{0899} Prime
בֶּגֶד
beged
{behg'-ed}
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
rent, 7167
{7167} Prime
קָרַע
qara`
{kaw-rah'}
A primitive root; to rend, literally or figuratively (revile, paint the eyes, as if enlarging them).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
and having cut y1413
[1413] Standard
גָּדַד
gadad
{gaw-dad'}
A primitive root (compare H1461); to crowd; also to gash (as if by pressing into).
z8706
<8706> Grammar
Stem - Hithpoel (See H8823)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 5
themselves, x1413
(1413) Complement
גָּדַד
gadad
{gaw-dad'}
A primitive root (compare H1461); to crowd; also to gash (as if by pressing into).
with offerings 4503
{4503} Prime
מִנְחָה
minchah
{min-khaw'}
From an unused root meaning to apportion, that is, bestow; a donation; euphemistically tribute; specifically a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary).
and incense 3828
{3828} Prime
לְבוֹנָה
l@bownah
{leb-o-naw'}
From H3826; frankincense (from its whiteness or perhaps that of its smoke).
in their hand, 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
to bring 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
[them] to the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 41:5

_ _ beards shaven, etc. — indicating their deep sorrow at the destruction of the temple and city.

_ _ cut themselves — a heathen custom, forbidden (Leviticus 19:27, Leviticus 19:28; Deuteronomy 14:1). These men were mostly from Samaria, where the ten tribes, previous to their deportation, had fallen into heathen practices.

_ _ offerings — unbloody. They do not bring sacrificial victims, but “incense,” etc., to testify their piety.

_ _ house of ... Lord — that is, the place where the house of the Lord had stood (2 Kings 25:9). The place in which a temple had stood, even when it had been destroyed, was held sacred [Papinian]. Those “from Shiloh” would naturally seek the house of the Lord, since it was at Shiloh it originally was set up (Joshua 18:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 41:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 41:5

There came men — Who possibly had not heard of the temple being burnt. Cut themselves — With all indications of mourning used in those countries.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 41:5

That there came men from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, [even] eighty men, having their beards shaven, and their clothes torn, and having cut themselves, with (d) offerings and incense in their hand, to bring [them] to the house of the LORD.

(d) For they thought that the temple had not been destroyed and therefore came up to the feast of tabernacles but hearing of the burning of it in the way, they showed these signs of sorrow.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
came:

2 Kings 10:13-14 Jehu met with the brethren of Ahaziah king of Judah, and said, Who [are] ye? And they answered, We [are] the brethren of Ahaziah; and we go down to salute the children of the king and the children of the queen. ... And he said, Take them alive. And they took them alive, and slew them at the pit of the shearing house, [even] two and forty men; neither left he any of them.

Shechem:

Genesis 33:18 And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which [is] in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city.
Genesis 34:2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her.
Joshua 24:32 And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph.
Judges 9:1 And Abimelech the son of Jerubbaal went to Shechem unto his mother's brethren, and communed with them, and with all the family of the house of his mother's father, saying,
1 Kings 12:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king.
1 Kings 12:25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and went out from thence, and built Penuel.

Shiloh:

Jeremiah 7:12 But go ye now unto my place which [was] in Shiloh, where I set my name at the first, and see what I did to it for the wickedness of my people Israel.
Jeremiah 7:14 Therefore will I do unto [this] house, which is called by my name, wherein ye trust, and unto the place which I gave to you and to your fathers, as I have done to Shiloh.
Joshua 18:1 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them.

Samaria:

1 Kings 16:24 And he bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Shemer, owner of the hill, Samaria.
1 Kings 16:29 And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years.

their beards:
All these were signs of deep mourning; which, though forbidden on funeral occasions, were customary, and perhaps counted allowable, on seasons of public calamity, and this mourning was probably on account of the destruction of Jerusalem.
Leviticus 19:27-28 Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard. ... Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor print any marks upon you: I [am] the LORD.
Deuteronomy 14:1 Ye [are] the children of the LORD your God: ye shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness between your eyes for the dead.
2 Samuel 10:4 Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, [even] to their buttocks, and sent them away.
Isaiah 15:2 He is gone up to Bajith, and to Dibon, the high places, to weep: Moab shall howl over Nebo, and over Medeba: on all their heads [shall be] baldness, [and] every beard cut off.

to the:

1 Samuel 1:7 And [as] he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.
2 Kings 25:9 And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great [man's] house burnt he with fire.
Psalms 102:14 For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 33:18; 34:2. Lv 19:27. Dt 14:1. Jsh 18:1; 24:32. Jg 9:1. 1S 1:7. 2S 10:4. 1K 12:1, 25; 16:24, 29. 2K 10:13; 25:9. Ps 102:14. Is 15:2. Jr 7:12, 14.

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I find it interesting and questionable the LXX would make mention of "manna" when it was stopped upon entering Jericho and the only manna to be found would be in the Ark of the Covenant.
- Roy Martin (11/23/2014 5:55:02 PM) [qBible.com]
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