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Jeremiah 4:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was waste and void; and the heavens, and they had no light.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I beheld the earth, and, lo, [it was] without form, and void; and the heavens, and they [had] no light.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I looked on the earth, and behold, [it was] formless and void; And to the heavens, and they had no light.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I beheld the earth, and lo, [it was] without form, and void; and the heavens, and they [had] no light.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I beheld the earth, and lo, it was waste and empty; and the heavens, and they had no light.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I beheld, The earth, and lo! it was waste and wild,—The heavens also, and their light was, not:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I looked [to] the land, and lo, waste and void, And unto the heavens, and their light is not.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I beheld the earth, and lo it was void, and nothing: and the heavens, and there was no light in them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I beheld the earth, and loe, it [was] without forme and void: and the heauens, and they [had] no light.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I looked upon the earth, and, behold, [it was] not; and to the sky, an there was no light in it.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I beheld the earth, and, lo, [it was] without form, and void; and the heavens, and they [had] no light.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I beheld 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the earth, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and, lo, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
[it was] without form, 8414
{8414} Prime
תֹּהוּ
tohuw
{to'-hoo}
From an unused root meaning to lie waste; a desolation (of surface), that is, desert; figuratively a worthless thing; adverbially in vain.
and void; 922
{0922} Prime
בֹּהוּ
bohuw
{bo'-hoo}
From an unused root (meaning to be empty); a vacuity, that is, (superficially) an undistinguishable ruin.
and the heavens, 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
and they [had] no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
light. 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 4:23

_ _ Graphic picture of the utter desolation about to visit Palestine. “I beheld, and lo!” four times solemnly repeated, heightens the awful effect of the scene (compare Isaiah 24:19; Isaiah 34:11).

_ _ without form and void — reduced to the primeval chaos (Genesis 1:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 4:19-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 4:23

I beheld — I Jeremiah saw this in a vision. It — The land was squalid, and ruined, like the first chaos, for which reason possibly he calls Judah the earth, in allusion to Genesis 1:2. The heavens — He seems to proceed in his metaphor of the chaos. Every thing above and below seemed to be wrapped up in dismal blackness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 4:23

I beheld the earth, and, lo, [it was] without form, and (t) void; and the heavens, and they [had] no light.

(t) By this manner of speech he shows the horrible destruction that would come on the land and also condemns the obstinacy of the people who do not repent at the fear of these terrible kings, seeing that the insensible creatures are moved therewith, as if the order of nature would be changed, (Isaiah 13:10, Isaiah 24:23; Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 2:31, Joel 3:15).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the earth:

Jeremiah 9:10 For the mountains will I take up a weeping and wailing, and for the habitations of the wilderness a lamentation, because they are burned up, so that none can pass through [them]; neither can [men] hear the voice of the cattle; both the fowl of the heavens and the beast are fled; they are gone.
Genesis 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness [was] upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
Isaiah 24:19-23 The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly. ... Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.
Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.

the heavens:

Isaiah 5:30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] look unto the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.
Isaiah 13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
Ezekiel 32:7-8 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light. ... All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.
Joel 2:10 The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:
Joel 2:30-31 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke. ... The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
Joel 3:15-16 The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining. ... The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD [will be] the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel.
Amos 8:9 And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord GOD, that I will cause the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in the clear day:
Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.
Mark 13:24-25 But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, ... And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken.
Luke 21:25-26 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; ... Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.
Acts 2:19-20 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: ... The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:2. Is 5:30; 13:10; 24:19. Jr 9:10. Ezk 32:7. Jol 2:10, 30; 3:15. Am 8:9. Mt 24:29, 35. Mk 13:24. Lk 21:25. Ac 2:19. Rv 20:11.

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