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Jeremiah 4:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— As keepers of a field are they against her round about, because she hath been rebellious against me, saith Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As keepers of a field, are they against her round about; because she hath been rebellious against me, saith the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Like watchmen of a field they are against her round about, Because she has rebelled against Me,’ declares the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As keepers of a field they are against her on all sides; because she hath been rebellious against me, saith the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— As keepers of a field are they against her round about; for she hath been rebellious against me, saith Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As the keepers of a field, have they come against her, round about,—For, against me, hath she rebelled, Declareth Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As the keepers of a field They have been against her round about, For with Me she hath been rebellious, An affirmation of Jehovah.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They are set round about her, as keepers of fields: because she hath provoked me to wrath, saith the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As keepers of a fielde are they against her round about; because shee hath bene rebellious against mee, saith the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— As keepers of a field, they have surrounded her; because thou, saith the Lord, has neglected me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— As keepers of a field, are they against her round about; because she hath been rebellious against me, saith Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As keepers 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of a field, 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
are x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
they against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
her round about; 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
she hath been rebellious 4784
{4784} Prime
מָרָה
marah
{maw-raw'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) bitter (or unpleasant); (figuratively) to rebel (or resist; causatively to provoke).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
against me, saith 5002
{5002} Prime
נְאֻם
n@'um
{neh-oom'}
From H5001; an oracle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 4:17

_ _ keepers of a field — metaphor from those who watch a field, to frighten away the wild beasts.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 4:5-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 4:17

As keepers — They will watch that none relieve them, and that none get out to escape.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 4:17

As keepers of a (p) field, they are against her on all sides; because she hath been rebellious against me, saith the LORD.

(p) Who keep the fruits so straitly, that nothing can come in or out so would the Babylonians compass Judah.,

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
keepers:

Jeremiah 6:2-3 I have likened the daughter of Zion to a comely and delicate [woman]. ... The shepherds with their flocks shall come unto her; they shall pitch [their] tents against her round about; they shall feed every one in his place.
2 Kings 25:1-4 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth [day] of the month, [that] Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his host, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it; and they built forts against it round about. ... And the city was broken up, and all the men of war [fled] by night by the way of the gate between two walls, which [is] by the king's garden: (now the Chaldees [were] against the city round about:) and [the king] went the way toward the plain.
Isaiah 1:8 And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
Luke 19:43-44 For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, ... And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
Luke 21:20-24 And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. ... And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.

because:

Jeremiah 5:23 But this people hath a revolting and a rebellious heart; they are revolted and gone.
Nehemiah 9:26 Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations.
Nehemiah 9:30 Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands.
Isaiah 1:20-23 But if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken [it]. ... Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
Isaiah 30:9 That this [is] a rebellious people, lying children, children [that] will not hear the law of the LORD:
Lamentations 1:8 Jerusalem hath grievously sinned; therefore she is removed: all that honoured her despise her, because they have seen her nakedness: yea, she sigheth, and turneth backward.
Lamentations 1:18 The LORD is righteous; for I have rebelled against his commandment: hear, I pray you, all people, and behold my sorrow: my virgins and my young men are gone into captivity.
Ezekiel 2:3-7 And he said unto me, Son of man, I send thee to the children of Israel, to a rebellious nation that hath rebelled against me: they and their fathers have transgressed against me, [even] unto this very day. ... And thou shalt speak my words unto them, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear: for they [are] most rebellious.
Daniel 9:7-19 O Lord, righteousness [belongeth] unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, [that are] near, and [that are] far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee. ... O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy name.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 25:1. Ne 9:26, 30. Is 1:8, 20; 30:9. Jr 5:23; 6:2. Lm 1:8, 18. Ezk 2:3. Dn 9:7. Lk 19:43; 21:20.

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