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Jeremiah 39:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that all the princes of the king of Babylon came in, and sat in the middle gate, [to wit], Nergal-sharezer, Samgar-nebo, Sarsechim, Rab-saris, Nergal-sharezer, Rab-mag, with all the rest of the princes of the king of Babylon.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And all the princes of the king of Babylon came in, and sat in the middle gate, [even] Nergalsharezer, Samgarnebo, Sarsechim, Rabsaris, Nergalsharezer, Rabmag, with all the residue of the princes of the king of Babylon.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then all the officials of the king of Babylon came in and sat down at the Middle Gate: Nergal-sar-ezer, Samgar-nebu, Sar-sekim the Rab-saris, Nergal-sar-ezer [the] Rab-mag, and all the rest of the officials of the king of Babylon.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And all the princes of the king of Babylon came in, and sat in the middle gate, [even] Nergal-sharezer, Samgar-nebo, Sarsechim, Rab-saris, Nergal-sharezer, Rab-mag, with all the residue of the princes of the king of Babylon.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and all the princes of the king of Babylon came in, and sat in the middle gate: Nergal-sharezer, Samgar-nebu, Sarsechim, chief chamberlain, Nergal-sharezer, chief magian, and all the rest of the princes of the king of Babylon.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then came in all the princes of the king of Babylon, and sat in the middle gate,—Nergal-sharezer, Samgar-nebo, Sarsechim, chief eunuch, Nergal-sharezer, chief soothsayer, and all the residue, of the princes of the king of Babylon.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and come in do all the heads of the king of Babylon, and they sit at the middle gate, Nergal-Sharezer, Samgar-Nebo, Sarsechim, chief of the eunuchs, Nergal-Sharezer, chief of the Mages, and all the rest of the heads of the king of Babylon.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all the princes of the king of Babylon came in, and sat in the middle gate: Neregel, Sereser, Semegarnabu, Sarsachim, Rabsares, Neregel, Serezer, Rebmag, and all the rest of the princes of the king of Babylon.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And all the princes of the king of Babylon came in, and sate in the middle gate, [euen] Nergal-Sharezer, Samgar-Nebo, Sarsechim, Rabsaris, Nergal-Sharezer, Rabmag, with all the residue of the princes of the king of Babylon.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And all the leaders of the king of Babylon went in, and sat in the middle gate, Marganasar, and Samagoth, and Nabusachar, and Nabusaris, Nagargas, Naserrabamath, and the rest of the leaders of the king of Babylon,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And all the princes of the king of Bavel came in, and sat in the middle gate, [even] Nergal Sar Etzer, Samgar Nevu, Sar Sekhim, Rav Saris, Nergal Sar Etzer, Rav Mag, with all the residue of the princes of the king of Bavel.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the princes 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Bvel בָּבֶל 894
{0894} Prime
בָּבֶל
Babel
{baw-bel'}
From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire.
came in, 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and sat 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the middle 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
gate, 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
[even] Nrqal ar Exer נֵרגַל־שַׂר־אֶצֶר, 5371
{5371} Prime
נֵרְגַל שַׂר־אֶצֶר
Nergal Shar'etser
{nare-gal' shar-eh'-tser}
From H5370 and H8272; Nergal-Sharetser, the name of two Babylonians.
Samgar Nv סַמגַּר־נְבוּ, 5562
{5562} Prime
סַמְגַּר־נְבוּ
Camgar N@bow
{sam-gar' neb-o'}
Of foreign origin; Samgar-Nebo, a Babylonian general.
ar Sm שַׂר־סְכִים, 8310
{8310} Prime
שַׂר־סְכִים
Sarc@kiym
{sar-seh-keem'}
Of foreign derivation; Sarsekim, a Babylonian general.
Rav Srs רַב־סָרִיס, 7249
{7249} Prime
רַב־סָרִיס
Rab-Cariyc
{rab-saw-reece'}
From H7227 and a foreign word for a eunuch; chief chamberlain; Rab-Saris, a Babylonian official.
Nrqal ar Exer נֵרגַל־שַׂר־אֶצֶר, 5371
{5371} Prime
נֵרְגַל שַׂר־אֶצֶר
Nergal Shar'etser
{nare-gal' shar-eh'-tser}
From H5370 and H8272; Nergal-Sharetser, the name of two Babylonians.
Rav Mq רַב־מָג, 7248
{7248} Prime
רַב־מָג
Rab-Mag
{rab-mawg'}
From H7227 and a foreign word for a Magian; chief Magian; Rab-Mag, a Babylonian official.
with all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the residue 7611
{7611} Prime
שְׁאֵרִית
sh@'eriyth
{sheh-ay-reeth'}
From H7604; a remainder or residual (surviving, final) portion.
of the princes 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Bvel בָּבֶל. 894
{0894} Prime
בָּבֶל
Babel
{baw-bel'}
From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 39:3

_ _ sat — expressing military occupation or encampment.

_ _ middle gate — the gate from the upper city (comprehending Mount Zion) to the lower city (north of the former and much lower); it was into the latter (the north side) that the Chaldeans forced an entry and took up their position opposite the gate of the “middle” wall, between the lower and upper city. Zedekiah fled in the opposite, that is, the south direction (Jeremiah 39:4).

_ _ Nergalsharezer, Samgarnebo — proper names formed from those of the idols, Nergal and Nebo (2 Kings 17:30; Isaiah 46:1).

_ _ Rab-saris — meaning “chief of the eunuchs.”

_ _ Rab-mag — chief of the magi; brought with the expedition in order that its issue might be foreknown through his astrological skill. Mag is a Persian word, meaning “great,” “powerful.” The magi were a sacerdotal caste among the Medes, and supported the Zoroastrian religion.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 39:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 39:3

The middle gate — The city was encompassed with two walls, before they came to the wall of the temple; the gate in the inner wall is supposed to have been that which is called the middle gate. They would not at first venture farther, 'till they might without hazarding their persons.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all the:

Jeremiah 1:15 For, lo, I will call all the families of the kingdoms of the north, saith the LORD; and they shall come, and they shall set every one his throne at the entering of the gates of Jerusalem, and against all the walls thereof round about, and against all the cities of Judah.
Jeremiah 21:4 Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; Behold, I will turn back the weapons of war that [are] in your hands, wherewith ye fight against the king of Babylon, and [against] the Chaldeans, which besiege you without the walls, and I will assemble them into the midst of this city.
Jeremiah 38:17 Then said Jeremiah unto Zedekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; If thou wilt assuredly go forth unto the king of Babylon's princes, then thy soul shall live, and this city shall not be burned with fire; and thou shalt live, and thine house:

Nergalsharezer:

Jeremiah 39:13 So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard sent, and Nebushasban, Rabsaris, and Nergalsharezer, Rabmag, and all the king of Babylon's princes;
2 Kings 17:30 And the men of Babylon made Succothbenoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima,

Sarsechim:
These were the principal commanders; but Dr. Blayney thinks that, instead of six persons, we have in reality but three, as the name that follows each is the title of the office. Thus Nergal-Sharezer, who was Samgar-nebo, or keeper, i.e., priest of Nebo; Sarsechim, who was Rab-saris, or chief eunuch; and Nergal-sharezer, who was Rab-mag, or chief magi; as the words mog in Persian, magoos in Arabic, magooshai in Syriac, and μαγος [Strong's G3097], in Greek, signify; and we learn from Justin and Curtius that the magi attended the king in war.
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