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Jeremiah 38:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchijah the king's son, that was in the court of the guard: and they let down Jeremiah with cords. And in the dungeon there was no water, but mire; and Jeremiah sank in the mire.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah the son of Hammelech, that [was] in the court of the prison: and they let down Jeremiah with cords. And in the dungeon [there was] no water, but mire: so Jeremiah sunk in the mire.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then they took Jeremiah and cast him into the cistern [of] Malchijah the king’s son, which was in the court of the guardhouse; and they let Jeremiah down with ropes. Now in the cistern there was no water but only mud, and Jeremiah sank into the mud.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then they took Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah the son of Hammelech, that [was] in the court of the prison: and they let down Jeremiah with cords. And in the dungeon [there was] no water, but mire: so Jeremiah sunk in the mire.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then they took Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchijah the son of Hammelech, which was in the court of the guard, and they let down Jeremiah with cords. And in the dungeon there was no water, but mire; and Jeremiah sank in the mire.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah son of the king, which was in the guard-court, and they let Jeremiah down with ropes,—now, in the dungeon, was no, water, only mire, so Jeremiah sank, in the mire.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And they take Jeremiah, and cast him into the pit of Malchiah son of the king, that [is] in the court of the prison, and they send down Jeremiah with cords; and in the pit there is no water, but mire, and Jeremiah sinketh in the mire.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then they took Jeremias and cast him into the dungeon of Melchias the son of Amelech, which was in the entry of the prison: and they let down Jeremias by ropes into the dungeon, wherein there was no water, but mire. And Jeremias sunk into the mire.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then tooke they Ieremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah the sonne of Hammelech that [was] in the court of the prison: and they let downe Ieremiah with cords: and in the dungeon [there was] no water, but mire: so Ieremiah sunke in the mire.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they cast him into the dungeon of Melchiah{gr.Melchias} the king's son, which was in the court of the prison; and they let him down into the pit: and there was no water in the pit, but mire: and he was in the mire.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then took they Yirmeyah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malkiyyah the son of Hammelekh, that [was] in the court of the prison: and they let down Yirmeyah with cords. And in the dungeon [there was] no water, but mire: so Yirmeyah sunk in the mire.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
they x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yirmy יִרמְיָה, 3414
{3414} Prime
יִרְמְיָה
Yirm@yah
{yir-meh-yaw'}
From H7311 and H3050; Jah will rise; Jirmejah, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
and cast 7993
{7993} Prime
שָׁלַךְ
shalak
{shaw-lak'}
A primitive root; to throw out, down or away (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
him into x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the dungeon 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
of Malciyy מַלכִּיָּה 4441
{4441} Prime
מַלְכִּיָּה
Malkiyah
{mal-kee-yaw'}
From H4428 and H3050; king of (that is, appointed by) Jah; Malkijah, the name of ten Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Hammele הַמֶּלֶך, y4428
[4428] Standard
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
x4429
(4429) Complement
מֶּלֶךְ
Melek
{meh'-lek}
The same as H4428; king; Melek, the name of two Israelites. Hammelech is by including the article.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[was] in the court 2691
{2691} Prime
חָצֵר
chatser
{khaw-tsare'}
From H2690 in its original sense; a yard (as inclosed by a fence); also a hamlet (as similarly surrounded with walls).
of the prison: 4307
{4307} Prime
מַטָּרָא
mattara'
{mat-taw-raw'}
From H5201; a jail (as a guard house); also an aim (as being closely watched).
and they let down 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yirmy יִרמְיָה 3414
{3414} Prime
יִרְמְיָה
Yirm@yah
{yir-meh-yaw'}
From H7311 and H3050; Jah will rise; Jirmejah, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
with cords. 2256
{2256} Prime
חֶבֶל
chebel
{kheh'-bel}
From H2254; a rope (as twisted), especially a measuring line; by implication a district or inheritance (as measured); or a noose (as of cords); figuratively a company (as if tied together); also a throe (especially of parturition); also ruin.
And in the dungeon 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
[there was] no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
water, 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
but x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
mire: 2916
{2916} Prime
טִיט
tiyt
{teet}
From an unused root meaning apparently to be sticky (rather perhaps a denominative from H2894, through the idea of dirt to be swept away); mud or clay; figuratively calamity.
so Yirmy יִרמְיָה 3414
{3414} Prime
יִרְמְיָה
Yirm@yah
{yir-meh-yaw'}
From H7311 and H3050; Jah will rise; Jirmejah, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
sunk 2883
{2883} Prime
טָבַע
taba`
{taw-bah'}
A primitive root; to sink.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the mire. 2916
{2916} Prime
טִיט
tiyt
{teet}
From an unused root meaning apparently to be sticky (rather perhaps a denominative from H2894, through the idea of dirt to be swept away); mud or clay; figuratively calamity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 38:6

_ _ dungeon — literally, the “cistern.” It was not a subterranean prison as that in Jonathan’s house (Jeremiah 37:15), but a pit or cistern, which had been full of water, but was emptied of it during the siege, so that only “mire” remained. Such empty cisterns were often used as prisons (Zechariah 9:11); the depth forbade hope of escape.

_ _ Hammelech — (Jeremiah 36:26). His son followed in the father’s steps, a ready tool for evil.

_ _ sunk in the mire — Jeremiah herein was a type of Messiah (Psalms 69:2, Psalms 69:14). “I sink in deep mire,” etc.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 38:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
took:

Jeremiah 37:21 Then Zedekiah the king commanded that they should commit Jeremiah into the court of the prison, and that they should give him daily a piece of bread out of the bakers' street, until all the bread in the city were spent. Thus Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison.
Psalms 109:5 And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love.
Luke 3:19-20 But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done, ... Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.

into:

Jeremiah 37:16 When Jeremiah was entered into the dungeon, and into the cabins, and Jeremiah had remained there many days;
Lamentations 3:55 I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon.
Acts 16:24 Who, having received such a charge, thrust them into the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the stocks.
2 Corinthians 4:8-9 [We are] troubled on every side, yet not distressed; [we are] perplexed, but not in despair; ... Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed;
Hebrews 10:36 For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise.

Hammelech:
or, the king,
Jeremiah 36:26 But the king commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet: but the LORD hid them.

and they:

Jeremiah 38:11-12 So Ebedmelech took the men with him, and went into the house of the king under the treasury, and took thence old cast clouts and old rotten rags, and let them down by cords into the dungeon to Jeremiah. ... And Ebedmelech the Ethiopian said unto Jeremiah, Put now [these] old cast clouts and rotten rags under thine armholes under the cords. And Jeremiah did so.

And in:
This dungeon, which seems to have belonged to one of Zedekiah's sons, appears to have been a most dreadful place; the horrors of which were probably augmented by the cruelty of the jailor. "The eastern people," observes Sir J. Chardin, "have not different prisons for the different classes of criminals; the judges do not trouble themselves about where the prisoners are confined, or how they are treated, considering it merely as a place of safety; and all that they require of the jailor is, that the prisoner be forthcoming when called for. As to the rest, he is master to do as he pleases; to treat him well or ill; to put him in irons or not; to shut him up close, or hold him in easier restraint; to admit people to him, or to suffer nobody to see him. If the jailor and his servants have large fees, let the person be the greatest rascal in the world, he shall be lodged in the jailor's own apartment, and the best part of it; and on the contrary, if those that have imprisoned a man give the jailor greater presents, or that he has a greater regard for them, he will treat the prisoner with the greatest inhumanity." This adds a double energy to those passages which speak of "the sighing of the prisoner," and to Jeremiah's supplicating that he might not be remanded to the dungeon of Jonathan (
Jeremiah 38:26 Then thou shalt say unto them, I presented my supplication before the king, that he would not cause me to return to Jonathan's house, to die there.
Jeremiah 37:20 Therefore hear now, I pray thee, O my lord the king: let my supplication, I pray thee, be accepted before thee; that thou cause me not to return to the house of Jonathan the scribe, lest I die there.
).
Jeremiah 38:22 And, behold, all the women that are left in the king of Judah's house [shall be] brought forth to the king of Babylon's princes, and those [women] shall say, Thy friends have set thee on, and have prevailed against thee: thy feet are sunk in the mire, [and] they are turned away back.
Genesis 37:24 And they took him, and cast him into a pit: and the pit [was] empty, [there was] no water in it.
Psalms 40:2 He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, [and] established my goings.
Psalms 69:2 I sink in deep mire, where [there is] no standing: I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow me.
Psalms 69:14-15 Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not sink: let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters. ... Let not the waterflood overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.
Lamentations 3:52-55 Mine enemies chased me sore, like a bird, without cause. ... I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon.
Zechariah 9:11 As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein [is] no water.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 37:24. Ps 40:2; 69:2, 14; 109:5. Jr 36:26; 37:16, 20, 21; 38:11, 22, 26. Lm 3:52, 55. Zc 9:11. Lk 3:19. Ac 16:24. 2Co 4:8. He 10:36.

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