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Jeremiah 38:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Zedekiah the king said unto Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that are fallen away to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Zedekiah the king said unto Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that are fallen to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, “I dread the Jews who have gone over to the Chaldeans, for they may give me over into their hand and they will abuse me.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Zedekiah the king said to Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that have fallen to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And king Zedekiah said unto Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that have deserted to the Chaldeans, lest they give me over into their hand, and they mock me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then said King Zedekiah, unto Jeremiah: I, am afraid of the Jews, who have fallen away unto the Chaldeans, lest they deliver, me, into their hand, and they maltreat me.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the king Zedekiah saith unto Jeremiah, 'I am fearing the Jews who have fallen unto the Chaldeans, lest they give me into their hand, and they have insulted me.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And king Sedecias said to Jeremias: I am afraid because of the Jews that are fled over to the Chaldeans: lest I should be delivered into their hands, and they should abuse me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Zedekiah the king said vnto Ieremiah, I am afraid of the Iewes that are fallen to the Caldeans, lest they deliuer mee into their hand, and they mocke me.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the king said to Jeremiah{gr.Jeremias}, I consider the Jews that have gone over to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hands, and they mock me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Tzidqiyyah the king said unto Yirmeyah, I am afraid of the Yehudim that are fallen to the Kasdim, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Xikiyy צִדקִיָּה 6667
{6667} Prime
צִדְקִיָּה
Tsidqiyah
{tsid-kee-yaw'}
From H6664 and H3050; right of Jah; Tsidkijah, the name of six Israelites.
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yirmy יִרמְיָה, 3414
{3414} Prime
יִרְמְיָה
Yirm@yah
{yir-meh-yaw'}
From H7311 and H3050; Jah will rise; Jirmejah, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
am afraid y1672
[1672] Standard
דָּאַג
da'ag
{daw-ag'}
A primitive root; be anxious.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of x1672
(1672) Complement
דָּאַג
da'ag
{daw-ag'}
A primitive root; be anxious.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the Yhm יְהוּדִים 3064
{3064} Prime
יְהוּדִי
Y@huwdiy
{yeh-hoo-dee'}
Patronymic from H3063; a Jehudite (that is, Judaite or Jew), or descendant of Jehudah (that is, Judah).
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
are fallen 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the Ca$dm כַּשׂדִּים, 3778
{3778} Prime
כַּשְׂדִי
Kasdiy
{kas-dee'}
(Occasionally shown as the second form with enclitic; meaning towards the Kasdites); patronymic from H3777 (only in the plural); a Kasdite, or descendant of Kesed; by implication a Chaldaean (as if so descended); also an astrologer (as if proverbial of that people).
lest x6435
(6435) Complement
פֵּן
pen
{pane}
From H6437; properly removal; used only (in the constructive) adverbially as conjugation lest.
they deliver 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
me into their hand, 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
and they mock 5953
{5953} Prime
עָלַל
`alal
{aw-lal'}
A primitive root; to effect thoroughly; specifically to glean (also figuratively); by implication (in a bad sense) to overdo, that is, maltreat, be saucy to, pain, impose (also literally).
z8694
<8694> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 157
me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 38:19

_ _ afraid of the Jews — more than of God (Proverbs 29:25; John 9:22; John 12:43).

_ _ mock me — treat me injuriously (1 Samuel 31:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 38:14-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 38:19

Lest they — Lest the Chaldeans should deliver me into the hands of those Jews which have fallen to them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 38:19

And Zedekiah the king said to Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that have fallen to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they (i) mock me.

(i) Which declares that he more feared the reproach of men than the threatenings of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I:

Jeremiah 38:5 Then Zedekiah the king said, Behold, he [is] in your hand: for the king [is] not [he that] can do [any] thing against you.
1 Samuel 15:24 And Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned: for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD, and thy words: because I feared the people, and obeyed their voice.
Job 31:34 Did I fear a great multitude, or did the contempt of families terrify me, that I kept silence, [and] went not out of the door?
Proverbs 29:25 The fear of man bringeth a snare: but whoso putteth his trust in the LORD shall be safe.
Isaiah 51:12-13 I, [even] I, [am] he that comforteth you: who [art] thou, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man [that] shall die, and of the son of man [which] shall be made [as] grass; ... And forgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where [is] the fury of the oppressor?
Isaiah 57:11 And of whom hast thou been afraid or feared, that thou hast lied, and hast not remembered me, nor laid [it] to thy heart? have not I held my peace even of old, and thou fearest me not?
John 12:42 Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess [him], lest they should be put out of the synagogue:
John 19:12-13 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar. ... When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.

mock:

Jeremiah 38:22 And, behold, all the women that are left in the king of Judah's house [shall be] brought forth to the king of Babylon's princes, and those [women] shall say, Thy friends have set thee on, and have prevailed against thee: thy feet are sunk in the mire, [and] they are turned away back.
Judges 9:54 Then he called hastily unto the young man his armourbearer, and said unto him, Draw thy sword, and slay me, that men say not of me, A woman slew him. And his young man thrust him through, and he died.
Judges 16:25 And it came to pass, when their hearts were merry, that they said, Call for Samson, that he may make us sport. And they called for Samson out of the prison house; and he made them sport: and they set him between the pillars.
1 Samuel 31:4 Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.
Isaiah 45:9-10 Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! [Let] the potsherd [strive] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands? ... Woe unto him that saith unto [his] father, What begettest thou? or to the woman, What hast thou brought forth?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 9:54; 16:25. 1S 15:24; 31:4. Jb 31:34. Pv 29:25. Is 45:9; 51:12; 57:11. Jr 38:5, 22. Jn 12:42; 19:12.

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