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Jeremiah 31:40 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the whole valley of the dead bodies and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto Jehovah; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, [shall be] holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And the whole valley of the dead bodies and of the ashes, and all the fields as far as the brook Kidron, to the corner of the Horse Gate toward the east, shall be holy to the LORD; it will not be plucked up or overthrown anymore forever.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields to the brook of Kidron, to the corner of the horse-gate towards the east, [shall be] holy to the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the torrent Kidron, unto the corner of the horse-gate toward the east, shall be holy unto Jehovah: it shall not be plucked up, nor overthrown any more for ever.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, all the vale of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields as far as the Kidron torrent-bed, as far as the horse-gate corner on the east, Shall be holy unto Yahweh,—It shall not be rooted up, nor thrown down, any more, unto times age-abiding.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And all the valley of the carcases and of the ashes, And all the fields unto the brook Kidron, Unto the corner of the horse-gate eastward, [Are] holy to Jehovah, it is not plucked up, Nor is it thrown down any more to the age!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the whole valley of dead bodies, and of ashes, and all the country of death, even to the torrent Cedron, and to the corner of the horse gate towards the east, the Holy of the Lord: it shall not be plucked up, and it shall not be destroyed any more for ever.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields vnto the brooke of Kidron, vnto the corner of the horse gate towards the East, [shalbe] holy vnto the LORD, it shall not be plucked vp, nor throwen downe any more for euer.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And all the Asaremoth even to Nachal Kidron{gr.Kedron}, as far as the corner of the horse-gate eastward, shall be holiness to the Lord; and it shall not fail any more, and shall not be destroyed for ever.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Qidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, [shall be] holy unto Yahweh; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the whole x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
valley 6010
{6010} Prime
עֵמֶק
`emeq
{ay'-mek}
From H6009; a vale (that is, broad depression).
of the dead bodies, 6297
{6297} Prime
פֶּגֶר
peger
{peh'-gher}
From H6296; a carcase (as limp), whether of man or beast; figuratively an idolatrous image.
and of the ashes, 1880
{1880} Prime
דֶּשֶׁן
deshen
{deh'-shen}
From H1878; the fat; abstractly fatness, that is, (figuratively) abundance; specifically the (fatty) ashes of sacrifices.
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the fields 8309
{8309} Prime
שְׁרֵמָה
sh@remah
{sher-ay-maw'}
Probably by orthographical error for H7709; a common.
y7709
[7709] Standard
שְׁדֵמָה
sh@demah
{shed-ay-maw'}
Apparently from H7704; a cultivated field.
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the brook 5158
{5158} Prime
נַחַל
nachal
{nakh'-al}
From H5157 in its original sense; a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine).
of Kirn קִדרוֹן, 6939
{6939} Prime
קִדְרוֹן
Qidrown
{kid-rone'}
From H6937; dusky place; Kidron, a brook near Jerusalem.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the corner 6438
{6438} Prime
פִּנָּה
pinnah
{pin-naw'}
Feminine of H6434; an angle; by implication a pinnacle; figuratively a chieftain.
of the horse 5483
{5483} Prime
סוּס
cuwc
{soos}
From an unused root meaning to skip (properly for joy); a horse (as leaping); also a swallow (from its rapid flight).
gate 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
toward the east, 4217
{4217} Prime
מִזְרָח
mizrach
{miz-rawkh'}
From H2224; sunrise, that is, the east.
[shall be] holy 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
unto Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
it shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be plucked up, 5428
{5428} Prime
נָתַשׁ
nathash
{naw-thash'}
A primitive root; to tear away.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
thrown down 2040
{2040} Prime
הָרַס
harac
{haw-ras'}
A primitive root; to pull down or in pieces, break, destroy.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
any more x5750
(5750) Complement
עוֹד
`owd
{ode}
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
for ever. 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 31:40

_ _ valley of ... dead — Tophet, where the bodies of malefactors were cast (Isaiah 30:33), south of the city.

_ _ fields ... Kidron — so 2 Kings 23:4. Fields in the suburbs reaching as far as Kidron, east of the city.

_ _ horse gate — Through it the king’s horses were led forth for watering to the brook Kidron (2 Kings 11:16; Nehemiah 3:28).

_ _ for ever — The city shall not only be spacious, but both “holy to the Lord,” that is, freed from all pollutions, and everlasting (Joel 3:17, Joel 3:20; Revelation 21:2, Revelation 21:10, Revelation 21:27).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 31:35-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 31:40

The valley — A valley, so called from the multitude of Sennacherib's army slain there. Of the ashes — So called from the ashes of the sacrifices carried thither. Holy — All these places shall be parts of the holy city, and God's name shall be sanctified, and he shall be worshipped in them all. For ever — If we interpret the word for ever of a perpetuity, the church of God must here be understood, against which the gates of hell shall never prevail.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the whole:

Jeremiah 7:32 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that it shall no more be called Tophet, nor the valley of the son of Hinnom, but the valley of slaughter: for they shall bury in Tophet, till there be no place.
Jeremiah 19:11-13 And shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Even so will I break this people and this city, as [one] breaketh a potter's vessel, that cannot be made whole again: and they shall bury [them] in Tophet, till [there be] no place to bury. ... And the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses of the kings of Judah, shall be defiled as the place of Tophet, because of all the houses upon whose roofs they have burned incense unto all the host of heaven, and have poured out drink offerings unto other gods.
Jeremiah 32:36 And now therefore thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, concerning this city, whereof ye say, It shall be delivered into the hand of the king of Babylon by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence;
Ezekiel 37:2 And caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, [there were] very many in the open valley; and, lo, [they were] very dry.

the brook:

2 Samuel 15:23 And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.
2 Kings 23:6 And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped [it] small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.
2 Kings 23:12 And the altars that [were] on the top of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD, did the king beat down, and brake [them] down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron.
John 18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples.
, Cedron

unto:

2 Kings 11:16 And they laid hands on her; and she went by the way by the which the horses came into the king's house: and there was she slain.
2 Chronicles 23:15 So they laid hands on her; and when she was come to the entering of the horse gate by the king's house, they slew her there.
Nehemiah 3:28 From above the horse gate repaired the priests, every one over against his house.

shall be:

Ezekiel 45:1-6 Moreover, when ye shall divide by lot the land for inheritance, ye shall offer an oblation unto the LORD, an holy portion of the land: the length [shall be] the length of five and twenty thousand [reeds], and the breadth [shall be] ten thousand. This [shall be] holy in all the borders thereof round about. ... And ye shall appoint the possession of the city five thousand broad, and five and twenty thousand long, over against the oblation of the holy [portion]: it shall be for the whole house of Israel.
Ezekiel 48:35 [It was] round about eighteen thousand [measures]: and the name of the city from [that] day [shall be], The LORD [is] there.
Joel 3:17 So shall ye know that I [am] the LORD your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more.
Zechariah 14:20 In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD'S house shall be like the bowls before the altar.

it shall:

Jeremiah 18:7 [At what] instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull down, and to destroy [it];
Isaiah 51:22 Thus saith thy Lord the LORD, and thy God [that] pleadeth the cause of his people, Behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of trembling, [even] the dregs of the cup of my fury; thou shalt no more drink it again:
Ezekiel 37:25 And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, [even] they, and their children, and their children's children for ever: and my servant David [shall be] their prince for ever.
Ezekiel 39:29 Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 15:23. 2K 11:16; 23:6, 12. 2Ch 23:15. Ne 3:28. Is 51:22. Jr 7:32; 18:7; 19:11; 32:36. Ezk 37:2, 25; 39:29; 45:1; 48:35. Jol 3:17. Zc 14:20. Jn 18:1.

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