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Jeremiah 31:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thus saith Jehovah, The people that were left of the sword found favor in the wilderness; even Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thus saith the LORD, The people [which were] left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; [even] Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Thus says the LORD, “The people who survived the sword Found grace in the wilderness— Israel, when it went to find its rest.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thus saith the LORD, The people [who were] left by the sword found grace in the wilderness; [even] Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thus saith Jehovah: The people [that were] left of the sword have found grace in the wilderness, [even] Israel, when I go to give him rest.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thus, saith Yahweh,—There hath found favour in the desert, people escaped from the sword,—I must go to cause him, even Israel, to rest.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thus said Jehovah: Found grace in the wilderness Hath a people remaining from the sword Going to cause it to rest—Israel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thus saith the Lord: The people that were left and escaped from the sword, found grace in the desert: Israel shall go to his rest.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thus saith the LORD; The people which were left of the sword found grace in the wildernesse, euen Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thus saith the Lord, I found him warm in the wilderness with them that were slain with the sword: go ye and destroy not Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thus saith Yahweh, The people [which were] left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; [even] Yisrael, when I went to cause him to rest.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
כֹּה
koh
{ko}
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
The people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
[which were] left 8300
{8300} Prime
שָׂרִיד
sariyd
{saw-reed'}
From H8277; a survivor.
of the sword 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
found 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
grace 2580
{2580} Prime
חֵן
chen
{khane}
From H2603; graciousness, that is, subjectively (kindness, favor) or objectively (beauty).
in the wilderness; 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
[even] Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
when I went 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
to cause him to rest. 7280
{7280} Prime
רָגַע
raga`
{raw-gah'}
A primitive root; properly to toss violently and suddenly (the sea with waves, the skin with boils); figuratively (in a favorable manner) to settle, that is, quiet; specifically to wink (from the motion of the eye lids).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 31:2

_ _ Upon the grace manifested to Israel “in the wilderness” God grounds His argument for renewing His favors to them now in their exile; because His covenant is “everlasting” (Jeremiah 31:3), and changes not. The same argument occurs in Hosea 13:5, Hosea 13:9, Hosea 13:10; Hosea 14:4, Hosea 14:5, Hosea 14:8. Babylon is fitly compared to the “wilderness,” as in both alike Israel was as a stranger far from his appointed “rest” or home, and Babylon is in Isaiah 40:3 called a “desert” (compare Jeremiah 50:12).

_ _ I went to cause him to rest — namely, in the pillar of cloud and fire, the symbol of God’s presence, which went before Israel to search a resting-place (Numbers 10:33; Isaiah 63:14) for the people, both a temporary one at each halt in the wilderness, and a permanent one in Canaan (Exodus 33:14; Deuteronomy 3:20; Joshua 21:44; Psalms 95:11; Hebrews 3:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 31:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 31:2

To rest — In Canaan.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 31:2

Thus saith the LORD, The people [who were] (b) left by the sword found grace in the wilderness; (c) [even] Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.

(b) Who were delivered from the cruelty of Pharaoh.

(c) That is, God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The people:

Exodus 1:16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see [them] upon the stools; if it [be] a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it [be] a daughter, then she shall live.
Exodus 1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
Exodus 2:23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.
Exodus 5:21 And they said unto them, The LORD look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.
Exodus 12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were] men, beside children.
Exodus 14:8-12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand. ... [Is] not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For [it had been] better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.
Exodus 15:9-10 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them. ... Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.
Exodus 17:8-13 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. ... And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.

found:

Jeremiah 2:2 Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land [that was] not sown.
Deuteronomy 1:30 The LORD your God which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes;
Deuteronomy 1:33 Who went in the way before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tents [in], in fire by night, to shew you by what way ye should go, and in a cloud by day.
Deuteronomy 2:7 For the LORD thy God hath blessed thee in all the works of thy hand: he knoweth thy walking through this great wilderness: these forty years the LORD thy God [hath been] with thee; thou hast lacked nothing.
Deuteronomy 8:2-3 And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. ... And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every [word] that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.
Deuteronomy 8:16 Who fed thee in the wilderness with manna, which thy fathers knew not, that he might humble thee, and that he might prove thee, to do thee good at thy latter end;
Nehemiah 9:12-15 Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go. ... And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them.
Psalms 78:14-16 In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire. ... He brought streams also out of the rock, and caused waters to run down like rivers.
Psalms 78:23-29 Though he had commanded the clouds from above, and opened the doors of heaven, ... So they did eat, and were well filled: for he gave them their own desire;
Psalms 78:52 But made his own people to go forth like sheep, and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.
Psalms 105:37-43 He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and [there was] not one feeble [person] among their tribes. ... And he brought forth his people with joy, [and] his chosen with gladness:
Psalms 136:16-24 To him which led his people through the wilderness: for his mercy [endureth] for ever. ... And hath redeemed us from our enemies: for his mercy [endureth] for ever.
Isaiah 63:7-14 I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, [and] the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses. ... As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name.
Ezekiel 20:14-17 But I wrought for my name's sake, that it should not be polluted before the heathen, in whose sight I brought them out. ... Nevertheless mine eye spared them from destroying them, neither did I make an end of them in the wilderness.

when:

Numbers 10:33 And they departed from the mount of the LORD three days' journey: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD went before them in the three days' journey, to search out a resting place for them.
Deuteronomy 12:9 For ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance, which the LORD your God giveth you.
Psalms 95:11 Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.
Isaiah 63:14 As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name.
Matthew 11:28 Come unto me, all [ye] that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
Hebrews 4:8-9 For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. ... There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 1:16, 22; 2:23; 5:21; 12:37; 14:8; 15:9; 17:8. Nu 10:33. Dt 1:30, 33; 2:7; 8:2, 16; 12:9. Ne 9:12. Ps 78:14, 23, 52; 95:11; 105:37; 136:16. Is 63:7, 14. Jr 2:2. Ezk 20:14. Mt 11:28. He 4:8.

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