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Jeremiah 3:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therefore the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; yet thou hast a harlot's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; and thou hadst a whore's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Therefore the showers have been withheld, And there has been no spring rain. Yet you had a harlot’s forehead; You refused to be ashamed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore the showers have been withheld, and there hath been no latter rain? and thou hadst a harlot's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; but thou hast a harlot's forehead, thou refusest to be ashamed.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore have been withholden the showers, And, the latter rain, hath not come,—Yet, the forehead of an unchaste woman, hast thou, Thou hast refused to be ashamed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And withheld are showers, and gathered rain hath not been. The forehead of a whorish woman thou hast, Thou hast refused to be ashamed.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore the showers were withholden, and there was no lateward rain: thou hadst a harlot's forehead, thou wouldst not blush.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore the showres haue bin withholden, and there hath bene no latter raine, and thou haddest a whores forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou didst retain many shepherds for a stumbling-block to thyself: thou hadst a whore's face, thou didst become shameless toward all.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; and thou hadst a whore's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore the showers 7241
{7241} Prime
רָבִיב
rabiyb
{raw-beeb'}
From H7231; a rain (as an accumulation of drops).
have been withholden, 4513
{4513} Prime
מָנַע
mana`
{maw-nah'}
A primitive root; to debar (negatively or positively) from benefit or injury.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
and there hath been x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
no x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
latter rain; 4456
{4456} Prime
מַלְקוֹשׁ
malqowsh
{mal-koshe'}
From H3953; the spring rain (compare H3954); figuratively eloquence.
and thou hadst a whore's 2181
{2181} Prime
זָנָה
zanah
{zaw-naw'}
A primitive root (highly fed and therefore wanton); to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple forniciation, rarely of involuntary ravishment); figuratively to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah).
802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
forehead, 4696
{4696} Prime
מֵצַח
metsach
{may'-tsakh}
From an unused root meaning to be clear, that is, conspicuous; the forehead (as open and prominent).
thou refusedst 3985
{3985} Prime
מָאֵן
ma'en
{maw-ane'}
A primitive root; to refuse.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
to be ashamed. 3637
{3637} Prime
כָּלָם
kalam
{kaw-lawm'}
A primitive root; properly to wound; but only figuratively, to taunt or insult.
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 3:3

_ _ no latter rain — essential to the crops in Palestine; withheld in judgment (Leviticus 26:19; compare Joel 2:23).

_ _ whore’s forehead — (Jeremiah 8:12; Ezekiel 3:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 3:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 3:3

A whore's forehead — For all this, thou didst still remain obstinate, as ashamed of nothing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 3:3

Therefore the showers have been withheld, and there hath been no (f) latter rain; and thou hadst an (g) harlot's forehead, thou didst refuse to be ashamed.

(f) As God threatened by his law, (Deuteronomy 28:24).

(g) You would never be ashamed of your acts and repent: and this impudency is common to idolaters, who will not cease, though they are openly convicted.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the showers:

Jeremiah 9:12 Who [is] the wise man, that may understand this? and [who is he] to whom the mouth of the LORD hath spoken, that he may declare it, for what the land perisheth [and] is burned up like a wilderness, that none passeth through?
Jeremiah 14:4 Because the ground is chapt, for there was no rain in the earth, the plowmen were ashamed, they covered their heads.
Jeremiah 14:22 Are there [any] among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? [art] not thou he, O LORD our God? therefore we will wait upon thee: for thou hast made all these [things].
Leviticus 26:19 And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass:
Deuteronomy 28:23 And thy heaven that [is] over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee [shall be] iron.
Isaiah 5:6 And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
Joel 1:16-20 Is not the meat cut off before our eyes, [yea], joy and gladness from the house of our God? ... The beasts of the field cry also unto thee: for the rivers of waters are dried up, and the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness.
Amos 4:7 And also I have withholden the rain from you, when [there were] yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.
Haggai 1:11 And I called for a drought upon the land, and upon the mountains, and upon the corn, and upon the new wine, and upon the oil, and upon [that] which the ground bringeth forth, and upon men, and upon cattle, and upon all the labour of the hands.

latter rain:

Jeremiah 5:24 Neither say they in their heart, Let us now fear the LORD our God, that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season: he reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest.

a whore's:

Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, [are] not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, [but] they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.
Jeremiah 6:15 Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore they shall fall among them that fall: at the time [that] I visit them they shall be cast down, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 8:12 Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore shall they fall among them that fall: in the time of their visitation they shall be cast down, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 44:16-17 [As for] the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the LORD, we will not hearken unto thee. ... But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for [then] had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil.
Ezekiel 3:7 But the house of Israel will not hearken unto thee; for they will not hearken unto me: for all the house of Israel [are] impudent and hardhearted.
Ezekiel 16:30-34 How weak is thine heart, saith the Lord GOD, seeing thou doest all these [things], the work of an imperious whorish woman; ... And the contrary is in thee from [other] women in thy whoredoms, whereas none followeth thee to commit whoredoms: and in that thou givest a reward, and no reward is given unto thee, therefore thou art contrary.
Zephaniah 3:5 The just LORD [is] in the midst thereof; he will not do iniquity: every morning doth he bring his judgment to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame.

thou refusedst:

Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, [are] not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, [but] they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.
Nehemiah 9:17 And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou [art] a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.
Zechariah 7:11-12 But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear. ... Yea, they made their hearts [as] an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the LORD of hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath from the LORD of hosts.
Hebrews 12:25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:19. Dt 28:23. Ne 9:17. Is 5:6. Jr 5:3, 24; 6:15; 8:12; 9:12; 14:4, 22; 44:16. Ezk 3:7; 16:30. Jol 1:16. Am 4:7. Zp 3:5. Hg 1:11. Zc 7:11. He 12:25.

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