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Jeremiah 28:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then Hananiah the prophet took the bar from off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, and brake it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then Hananiah the prophet took the yoke from off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, and brake it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Hananiah the prophet took the yoke from the neck of Jeremiah the prophet and broke it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then Hananiah the prophet took the yoke from off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, and broke it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the prophet Hananiah took the yoke from off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, and broke it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then Hananiah the prophet took the yoke, from off the neck of Jeremiah the prophet,—and brake it.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Hananiah the prophet taketh the yoke from off the neck of Jeremiah the prophet, and breaketh it,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Hananias the prophet took the chain from the neck of Jeremias the prophet, and broke it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then Hananiah the prophet tooke the yoke from off the prophet Ieremiahs necke, and brake it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then Hananiah{gr.Ananias} took the yokes from the neck of Jeremiah{gr.Jeremias} in the sight of all the people, and broke them to pieces.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then Chananyah the prophet took the yoke from off the prophet Yirmeyah's neck, and brake it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then nany חֲנַניָה 2608
{2608} Prime
From H2603 and H3050; Jah has favored; Chananjah, the name of thirteen Israelites.
the prophet 5030
{5030} Prime
From H5012; a prophet or (generally) inspired man.
took 3947
{3947} Prime
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the yoke 4133
{4133} Prime
Feminine of H4132; a pole; by implication an ox bow; hence a yoke (either literally or figuratively).
from off x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the prophet 5030
{5030} Prime
From H5012; a prophet or (generally) inspired man.
Yirmy's יִרמְיָה 3414
{3414} Prime
From H7311 and H3050; Jah will rise; Jirmejah, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
neck, 6677
{6677} Prime
Intensive from H6696 in the sense of binding; the back of the neck (as that on which burdens are bound).
and brake 7665
{7665} Prime
A primitive root; to burst (literally or figuratively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 28:10

_ _ the yoke — (Jeremiah 27:2). Impious audacity to break what God had appointed as a solemn pledge of the fulfillment of His word. Hence Jeremiah deigns no reply (Jeremiah 28:11; Matthew 7:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Jeremiah 28:10-17

_ _ We have here an instance,

_ _ I. Of the insolence of the false prophet. To complete the affront he designed Jeremiah, he took the yoke from off his neck which he carried as a memorial of what he had prophesied concerning the enslaving of the nations to Nebuchadnezzar, and he broke it, that he might give a sign of the accomplishment of this prophecy, as Jeremiah had given of his, and might seem to have conquered him, and to have defeated the intention of his prophecy. See how the lying spirit, in the mouth of this false prophet, mimics the language of the Spirit of truth: Thus saith the Lord, So will I break the yoke of the king of Babylon, not only from the neck of this nation, but from the neck of all nations, within two full years. Whether by the force of a heated imagination Hananiah had persuaded himself to believe this, or whether he knew it to be false, and only persuaded them to believe it, does not appear; but it is plain that he speaks with abundance of assurance. It is no new thing for lies to be fathered upon the God of truth.

_ _ II. Of the patience of the true prophet. Jeremiah quietly went his way, and when he was reviled he reviled not again, and would not contend with one that was in the height of his fury and in the midst of the priests and people that were violently set against him. The reason why he went his way was not because he had nothing to answer, but because he was willing to stay till God was pleased to furnish him with a direct and immediate answer, which as yet he had not received. He expected that God would send a special message to Hananiah, and he would say nothing till he had received that. I, as a deaf man, heard not, for thou wilt hear, and thou shalt answer, Lord, for me. It may sometimes be our wisdom rather to retreat than to contend. Currenti cede furoriGive place unto wrath.

_ _ III. Of the justice of God in giving judgment between Jeremiah and his adversary. Jeremiah went his way, as a man in whose mouth there was no rebuke, but God soon put a word into his mouth; for he will appear for those who silently commit their cause to him. 1. The word of God, in the mouth of Jeremiah, is ratified and confirmed. Let not Jeremiah himself distrust the truth of what he had delivered in God's name because it met with such a daring opposition and contradiction. If what we have spoken be the truth of God, we must not unsay it because men gainsay it; for great is the truth and will prevail. It will stand, therefore let us stand to it, and not fear that men's unbelief or blasphemy will make it of no effect. Hananiah has broken the yokes of wood, but Jeremiah must make for them yokes of iron, which cannot be broken (Jeremiah 28:13), for (says God) “I have put a yoke of iron upon the neck of all these nations, which shall lie heavier, and bind harder, upon them (Jeremiah 28:14), that they may serve the king of Babylon, and not be able to shake off the yoke however they may struggle, for they shall serve him whether they will or no;” and who is he that can contend with God's counsel? What was said before is repeated again: I have given him the beasts of the field also, as if there were something significant in that. Men had by their wickedness made themselves like the beasts that perish, and therefore deserved to be ruled by an arbitrary power, as beasts are ruled, and such a power Nebuchadnezzar ruled with; for whom he would he slew and whom he would he kept alive. 2. Hananiah is sentenced to die for contradicting it, and Jeremiah, when he has received commission from God, boldly tells him so to his face, though before he received that commission he went away and said nothing. (1.) The crimes of which Hananiah stands convicted are cheating the people and affronting God: Thou makest this people to trust in a lie, encouraging them to hope that they shall have peace, which will make their destruction the more terrible to them when it comes; yet this was not the worst: Thou hast taught rebellion against the Lord; thou hast taught them to despise all the good counsel given them in God's name by the true prophets, and hast rendered it ineffectual. Those have a great deal to answer for who, by telling sinners that they shall have peace though they go on, harden their hearts in a contempt of the reproofs and admonitions of the word, and the means and methods God takes to bring them to repentance. (2.) The judgment given against him is, “I will cast thee off from the face of the earth, as unworthy to live upon it; thou shalt be buried in it. This year thou shalt die, and die as a rebel against the Lord, to whom death will come with a sting and a curse.” This sentence was executed, Jeremiah 28:17. Hananiah died the same year, within two months; for his prophecy is dated the fifth month (Jeremiah 28:1) and his death the seventh. Good men may perhaps be suddenly taken off by death in the midst of their days, and in mercy to them, as Josiah was; but this being foretold as the punishment of his sin, and coming to pass accordingly, it may safely be construed as a testimony from Heaven against him and a confirmation of Jeremiah's mission. And, if the people's hearts had not been wretchedly hardened by the deceitfulness of sin, it would have prevented their being further hardened by the deceitfulness of their prophets.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 28:10

Then Hananiah the prophet took the yoke from off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, and (g) broke it.

(g) This declares the impudency of the wicked hirelings who have no zeal to the truth but are led with ambition to get the favour of men and therefore cannot abide any that might discredit them but burst forth into rages and contrary to their own conscience, pass not what lies they report or how wickedly they do so that they may maintain their estimation.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Jeremiah 28:2 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying, I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon.
Jeremiah 28:4 And I will bring again to this place Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, with all the captives of Judah, that went into Babylon, saith the LORD: for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon.
Jeremiah 27:2 Thus saith the LORD to me; Make thee bonds and yokes, and put them upon thy neck,
Jeremiah 36:23-24 And it came to pass, [that] when Jehudi had read three or four leaves, he cut it with the penknife, and cast [it] into the fire that [was] on the hearth, until all the roll was consumed in the fire that [was] on the hearth. ... Yet they were not afraid, nor rent their garments, [neither] the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words.
1 Kings 22:11 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron: and he said, Thus saith the LORD, With these shalt thou push the Syrians, until thou have consumed them.
1 Kings 22:24-25 But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee? ... And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shalt see in that day, when thou shalt go into an inner chamber to hide thyself.
Malachi 3:13 Your words have been stout against me, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, What have we spoken [so much] against thee?
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1K 22:11, 24. Jr 27:2; 28:2, 4; 36:23. Mal 3:13.

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