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Jeremiah 25:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wail, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow [in ashes], ye principal of the flock; for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are fully come, and ye shall fall like a goodly vessel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves [in the ashes], ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Wail, you shepherds, and cry; And wallow [in ashes], you masters of the flock; For the days of your slaughter and your dispersions have come, And you will fall like a choice vessel.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves [in the ashes], ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves [in the dust], noble ones of the flock: for the days of your slaughter are accomplished, and I will disperse you; and ye shall fall like a precious vessel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Howl, ye shepherds, and make outcry, And roll in the dust, ye illustrious of the flock, Because your days for being slaughtered, are fulfilled,—Therefore will I break you in pieces, and ye shall fall, like a precious vessel!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Howl, ye shepherds, and cry, And roll yourselves, ye honourable of the flock, For full have been your days, For slaughtering, and [for] your scatterings, And ye have fallen as a desirable vessel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Howl, ye shepherds, and cry: and sprinkle yourselves with ashes, ye leaders of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and your dispersion are accomplished, and you shall fall like precious vessels.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Howle yee shepheards and cry, and wallow your selues [in the ashes] ye principall of the flocke: for the dayes of your slaughter, and of your dispersions are accomplished, and yee shall fall like a pleasant vessell.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and lament, ye rams of the flock: for your days have been completed for slaughter, and ye shall fall as the choice rams.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves [in the ashes], ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Howl, 3213
{3213} Prime
יָלַל
yalal
{yaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to howl (with a wailing tone) or yell (with a boisterous one).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
ye shepherds, 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and cry; 2199
{2199} Prime
זָעַק
za`aq
{zaw-ak'}
A primitive root; to shriek (from anguish or danger); by analogy (as a herald) to announce or convene publicly.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
and wallow y6428
[6428] Standard
פָּלַשׁ
palash
{paw-lash'}
A primitive root; to roll (in dust).
z8690
<8690> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 71
yourselves x6428
(6428) Complement
פָּלַשׁ
palash
{paw-lash'}
A primitive root; to roll (in dust).
[in the ashes], ye principal 117
{0117} Prime
אַדִּיר
'addiyr
{ad-deer'}
From H0142; wide or (generally) large; figuratively powerful.
of the flock: 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the days 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of your slaughter 2873
{2873} Prime
טָבַח
tabach
{taw-bakh'}
A primitive root; to slaughter (animals or men).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and of your dispersions 8600
{8600} Prime
תְּפוֹצָה
t@phowtsah
{tef-o-tsaw'}
From H6327; a dispersal.
are accomplished; 4390
{4390} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
A primitive root, to fill or (intransitively) be full of, in a wide application (literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and ye shall fall 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
like a pleasant 2532
{2532} Prime
חָמוּד
chemdah
{khem-daw'}
Feminine of H2531; delight.
vessel. 3627
{3627} Prime
כְּלִי
k@liy
{kel-ee'}
From H3615; something prepared, that is, any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 25:34

_ _ shepherds — princes (Jeremiah 22:22). Here he returns to the Jews and their rulers, using the same image as in Jeremiah 25:30, “pasture” (see on Jeremiah 25:30).

_ _ wallow yourselves — Cover yourselves as thickly with ashes, in token of sorrow, as one who rolls in them (Jeremiah 6:26; Ezekiel 27:30) [Maurer].

_ _ principal — leaders. The Septuagint translates “rams,” carrying out the image (compare Isaiah 14:9, Margin; Zechariah 10:3).

_ _ days of your slaughter ... of ... dispersions — rather, “your days for slaughter (that is, the time of your being slain), and your dispersions (not ‘of your dispersions’), are accomplished (are come).”

_ _ pleasant vessel — Ye were once a precious vessel, but ye shall fall, and so be a broken vessel (see on Jeremiah 22:28). “Your past excellency shall not render you safe now. I will turn to your ignominy whatever glory I conferred on you” [Calvin].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 25:30-38.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 25:34

Shepherds — Shepherds and the principal of the flock, in this place mean civil rulers. A pleasant vessel — Like a crystal glass, or some delicate vessel, which breaks in pieces and cannot again be set together.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 25:34

Howl, (z) ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves [in the ashes], ye chief of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a (a) pleasant vessel.

(z) You that are chief rulers, and governors.

(a) Which are most easily broken.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Howl:

Jeremiah 25:23 Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all [that are] in the utmost corners,
Jeremiah 25:36 A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and an howling of the principal of the flock, [shall be heard]: for the LORD hath spoiled their pasture.
Jeremiah 4:8-9 For this gird you with sackcloth, lament and howl: for the fierce anger of the LORD is not turned back from us. ... And it shall come to pass at that day, saith the LORD, [that] the heart of the king shall perish, and the heart of the princes; and the priests shall be astonished, and the prophets shall wonder.
Ezekiel 34:16 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up [that which was] broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.
James 5:1-2 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you]. ... Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten.

ye shepherds:
Ye kings and chiefs of the people

wallow:

Jeremiah 6:26 O daughter of my people, gird [thee] with sackcloth, and wallow thyself in ashes: make thee mourning, [as for] an only son, most bitter lamentation: for the spoiler shall suddenly come upon us.
Jeremiah 48:26 Make ye him drunken: for he magnified [himself] against the LORD: Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, and he also shall be in derision.
Ezekiel 27:30-31 And shall cause their voice to be heard against thee, and shall cry bitterly, and shall cast up dust upon their heads, they shall wallow themselves in the ashes: ... And they shall make themselves utterly bald for thee, and gird them with sackcloth, and they shall weep for thee with bitterness of heart [and] bitter wailing.

ye principal:

Ezekiel 34:17 And [as for] you, O my flock, thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I judge between cattle and cattle, between the rams and the he goats.
Ezekiel 34:20 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD unto them; Behold, I, [even] I, will judge between the fat cattle and between the lean cattle.

the days of your:
Heb. your days for,
Jeremiah 25:12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, [that] I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.
Jeremiah 27:7 And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.
Jeremiah 51:20-26 Thou [art] my battle axe [and] weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms; ... And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD.
Isaiah 10:12 Wherefore it shall come to pass, [that] when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.
Isaiah 33:1 Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou [wast] not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; [and] when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee.
Lamentations 4:21 Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom, that dwellest in the land of Uz; the cup also shall pass through unto thee: thou shalt be drunken, and shalt make thyself naked.

ye shall:

Jeremiah 19:10-12 Then shalt thou break the bottle in the sight of the men that go with thee, ... Thus will I do unto this place, saith the LORD, and to the inhabitants thereof, and [even] make this city as Tophet:
Jeremiah 22:28 [Is] this man Coniah a despised broken idol? [is he] a vessel wherein [is] no pleasure? wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into a land which they know not?
Psalms 2:9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
Isaiah 30:14 And he shall break it as the breaking of the potters' vessel that is broken in pieces; he shall not spare: so that there shall not be found in the bursting of it a sherd to take fire from the hearth, or to take water [withal] out of the pit.

pleasant vessel:
Heb. vessel of desire,
Jeremiah 3:19 But I said, How shall I put thee among the children, and give thee a pleasant land, a goodly heritage of the hosts of nations? and I said, Thou shalt call me, My father; and shalt not turn away from me.
2 Chronicles 36:10 And when the year was expired, king Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the goodly vessels of the house of the LORD, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.
Isaiah 2:16 And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures.
Daniel 11:8 And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, [and] with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue [more] years than the king of the north.
Amos 5:11 Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them.
*marg.
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2Ch 36:10. Ps 2:9. Is 2:16; 10:12; 30:14; 33:1. Jr 3:19; 4:8; 6:26; 19:10; 22:28; 25:12, 23, 36; 27:7; 48:26; 51:20. Lm 4:21. Ezk 27:30; 34:16, 17, 20. Dn 11:8. Am 5:11. Jm 5:1.

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