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Jeremiah 25:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another; and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which [are] upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and all the kings of the north, near and far, one with another; and all the kingdoms of the earth which are upon the face of the ground, and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which [are] upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another; and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth; and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And all the kings of the North, the near and the far, every man with his brother, and all the kingdoms of the earth, which are on the face of the ground; And, the king of Sheshach, shall drink, after them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And all the kings of the north, The near and the far off, one unto another, And all the kingdoms of the earth, That [are] on the face of the ground, And king Sheshach drinketh after them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all the kings of the north far and near, every one against his brother: and all the kingdoms of the earth, which are upon the face thereof: and the king of Sesac shall drink after them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And all the kings of the North, farre and neere, one with another, and all the kingdomes of the world, which [are] vpon the face of the earth, and the king of Sheshach shall drinke after them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and all the kings from the north, the far and the near, each one with his brother, and all the kingdom s which are on the face of the earth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which [are] upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshakh shall drink after them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of the north, 6828
{6828} Prime
צָפוֹן
tsaphown
{tsaw-fone'}
From H6845; properly hidden, that is, dark; used only of the north as a quarter (gloomy and unknown).
far 7350
{7350} Prime
רָחוֹק
rachowq
{raw-khoke'}
From H7368; remote, literally of figuratively, of place or time; specifically precious; often used adverbially (with preposition).
and near, 7138
{7138} Prime
קָרוֹב
qarowb
{kaw-robe'}
From H7126; near (in place, kindred or time).
one 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
with x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
another, 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the kingdoms 4467
{4467} Prime
מַמְלָכָה
mamlakah
{mam-law-kaw'}
From H4427; dominion, that is, (abstractly) the estate (rule) or (concretely) the country (realm).
of the world, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[are] upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
of the earth: 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
and the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of a שֵׁשַׁך 8347
{8347} Prime
שֵׁשַׁךְ
Sheshak
{shay-shak'}
Of foreign derivation; Sheshak, a symbolical name of Babylonian.
shall drink 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 25:26

_ _ Sheshach — Babylon; as the parallelism in Jeremiah 51:41 proves. In the Cabalistic system (called Athbash, the first Hebrew letter in the alphabet being expressed by the last) Sheshach would exactly answer to Babel. Jeremiah may have used this system (as perhaps in Jeremiah 51:41) for concealment at the time of this prediction, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim, while Nebuchadnezzar was before Jerusalem. In Jeremiah 51:41 there can be no concealment, as Babylon is expressly mentioned. Michaelis more simply explains the term “brazen-gated” (compare Isaiah 45:2); others, “the house of a prince.” Rather, it comes from the Babylonian goddess, Shach, by reduplication of the first letter; from her Misael was named Meshach by the Babylonians. The term Shace was applied to a festival at Babylon, alluded to in Jeremiah 51:39, Jeremiah 51:57; Isaiah 21:5. It was during this feast that Cyrus took Babylon [Herodotus, 1]. Thus Jeremiah mystically denotes the time of its capture by this term [Glassius].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 25:15-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 25:26

The north — All under the government of the Chaldeans. Of Sheshach — And the king of Babylon, who was last of all to drink of this cup of the Lord's fury.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 25:26

And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which [are] upon the face of the earth: and the king of (u) Sheshach shall drink after them.

(u) That is of Babylon, as in (Jeremiah 51:41).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all the kings:

Jeremiah 25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
Jeremiah 50:9 For, lo, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly of great nations from the north country: and they shall set themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be taken: their arrows [shall be] as of a mighty expert man; none shall return in vain.
Ezekiel 32:30 There [be] the princes of the north, all of them, and all the Zidonians, which are gone down with the slain; with their terror they are ashamed of their might; and they lie uncircumcised with [them that be] slain by the sword, and bear their shame with them that go down to the pit.

and the:

Jeremiah 51:41 How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!

drink:

Jeremiah 25:12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, [that] I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.
Jeremiah 50:1-51:64 The word that the LORD spake against Babylon [and] against the land of the Chaldeans by Jeremiah the prophet. ... And thou shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her: and they shall be weary. Thus far [are] the words of Jeremiah.
Isaiah 13:1-14:32 The burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see. ... What shall [one] then answer the messengers of the nation? That the LORD hath founded Zion, and the poor of his people shall trust in it.
Isaiah 47:1-15 Come down, and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon, sit on the ground: [there is] no throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called tender and delicate. ... Thus shall they be unto thee with whom thou hast laboured, [even] thy merchants, from thy youth: they shall wander every one to his quarter; none shall save thee.
Daniel 5:1-31 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand. ... And Darius the Median took the kingdom, [being] about threescore and two years old.
Habakkuk 2:16 Thou art filled with shame for glory: drink thou also, and let thy foreskin be uncovered: the cup of the LORD'S right hand shall be turned unto thee, and shameful spewing [shall be] on thy glory.
Revelation 18:1-24 And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory. ... And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.
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Is 13:1; 47:1. Jr 25:9, 12; 50:1, 9; 51:41. Ezk 32:30. Dn 5:1. Hab 2:16. Rv 18:1.

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