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Jeremiah 25:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of the Uz, and all the kings of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Gaza, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and all the foreign people, all the kings of the land of Uz, all the kings of the land of the Philistines (even Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron and the remnant of Ashdod);
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Gazah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And all the Bedawin, and all the kings of the land of Uz,—and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, even Ashkelon, and Gaza, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And all the mixed people, And all the kings of the land of Uz, And all the kings of the land of the Philistines, And Ashkelon, and Gazzah, and Ekron, And the remnant of Ashdod,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all in general: all the kings of the land of Ausitis, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ascalon, and Gaza, and Accaron, and the remnant of Azotus.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And all the mingled people, & all the kings of the land of Uz: and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and all the mingled [people], and all the kings of the Philistines, and Askelon{gr.Ascalon}, and Gaza, and Ekron{gr.Accaron}, and the remnant of Ashdod{gr.Azotus},
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Utz, and all the kings of the land of the Pelishtim, and Ashqelon, and Azzah, and Eqron, and the remnant of Ashdod,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the mingled y6153
[6153] Standard
עֶרֶב
`ereb
{eh'-reb}
From H6150; dusk.
people, x6154
(6154) Complement
עֵרֶב
`ereb
{ay'-reb}
The second form used in 1 Kings 10:15 with the article prefixed); from H6148; the web (or transverse threads of cloth); also a mixture, (or mongrel race).
and x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of `x עוּץ, 5780
{5780} Prime
עוּץ
`Uwts
{oots}
Apparently from H5779; consultation; Uts, a son of Aram, also a Seirite, and the regions settled by them.
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים, 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
and Akln אַשׁקְלוֹן, 831
{0831} Prime
אַשְׁקְלוֹן
'Ashq@lown
{ash-kel-one'}
Probably from H8254 in the sense of weighing place (that is, mart); Ashkelon, a place in Palestine.
and `Azz עַזָּה, 5804
{5804} Prime
עַזָּה
`Azzah
{az-zaw'}
Feminine of H5794; strong; Azzah, a place in Palestine.
and `Ekrn עֶקרוֹן, 6138
{6138} Prime
עֶקְרוֹן
`Eqrown
{ek-rone'}
From H6131; eradication; Ekron, a place in Palestine.
and the remnant 7611
{7611} Prime
שְׁאֵרִית
sh@'eriyth
{sheh-ay-reeth'}
From H7604; a remainder or residual (surviving, final) portion.
of Ad אַשׁדּוֹד, 795
{0795} Prime
אַשְׁדּוֹד
'Ashdowd
{ash-dode'}
From H7703; ravager; Ashdod, a place in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 25:20

_ _ mingled people — mercenary foreign troops serving under Pharaoh-hophra in the time of Jeremiah. The employment of these foreigners provoked the native Egyptians to overthrow him. Psammetichus, father of Pharaoh-necho, also had given a settlement in Egypt to Ionian and Carian adventurers [Herodotus, 2.152, 154]. (Compare Jeremiah 50:37; see on Isaiah 19:2, Isaiah 19:3; Isaiah 20:1; Ezekiel 30:5. The term is first found in Exodus 12:38.

_ _ Uz — in the geographical order here, between Egypt and the states along the Mediterranean; therefore not the “Uz” of Job 1:1 (north of Arabia-Deserta), but the northern part of Arabia-Petraea, between the sea and Idumea (Lamentations 4:21; see Genesis 36:20, Genesis 36:28).

_ _ remnant of Ashdod — called a “remnant,” because Ashdod had lost most of its inhabitants in the twenty-nine years siege by Psammetichus. Compare also see on Isaiah 20:1. Gath is not mentioned because it was overthrown in the same war.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 25:15-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 25:20

Of Uz — Some part of Arabia Petraea, near to Idumaea. Of the Philistines — Uzzah, Ekron, Ashdod, and Askelon, were four of their cities, the fifth which was Gath is not here named. For before this time it was destroyed, either by Psammeticus, father to Pharaoh Necho, or by Tartan, captain general to Sargon, king of Assyria, of whom read, Isaiah 20:1, that he took Ashdod, which may be the reason that here mention is made of no more than the remnant of Ashdod.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 25:20

And all the mixed people, and all the kings of the land (o) of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and (p) Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,

(o) Read (Job 1:1).

(p) Which were cities of the Philistines.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the mingled:

Jeremiah 25:24 And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the desert,
Jeremiah 50:37 A sword [is] upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that [are] in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword [is] upon her treasures; and they shall be robbed.
Exodus 12:38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, [even] very much cattle.
Ezekiel 30:5 Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword.

Uz:

Genesis 10:23 And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
Genesis 22:21 Huz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram,
1 Chronicles 1:17 The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.
Job 1:1 There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name [was] Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil.
Lamentations 4:21 Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom, that dwellest in the land of Uz; the cup also shall pass through unto thee: thou shalt be drunken, and shalt make thyself naked.

Philistines:

Jeremiah 47:1-7 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Philistines, before that Pharaoh smote Gaza. ... How can it be quiet, seeing the LORD hath given it a charge against Ashkelon, and against the sea shore? there hath he appointed it.
Ezekiel 25:15-17 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because the Philistines have dealt by revenge, and have taken vengeance with a despiteful heart, to destroy [it] for the old hatred; ... And I will execute great vengeance upon them with furious rebukes; and they shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I shall lay my vengeance upon them.
Amos 1:6-8 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they carried away captive the whole captivity, to deliver [them] up to Edom: ... And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord GOD.
Zephaniah 2:4-7 For Gaza shall be forsaken, and Ashkelon a desolation: they shall drive out Ashdod at the noon day, and Ekron shall be rooted up. ... And the coast shall be for the remnant of the house of Judah; they shall feed thereupon: in the houses of Ashkelon shall they lie down in the evening: for the LORD their God shall visit them, and turn away their captivity.
Zechariah 9:5-7 Ashkelon shall see [it], and fear; Gaza also [shall see it], and be very sorrowful, and Ekron; for her expectation shall be ashamed; and the king shall perish from Gaza, and Ashkelon shall not be inhabited. ... And I will take away his blood out of his mouth, and his abominations from between his teeth: but he that remaineth, even he, [shall be] for our God, and he shall be as a governor in Judah, and Ekron as a Jebusite.

Ashkelon:

1 Samuel 6:17 And these [are] the golden emerods which the Philistines returned [for] a trespass offering unto the LORD; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one;
, Askelon, Gaza

remnant:

Isaiah 20:1 In the year that Tartan came unto Ashdod, (when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him,) and fought against Ashdod, and took it;
Amos 1:8 And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord GOD.
Nehemiah 13:23-27 In those days also saw I Jews [that] had married wives of Ashdod, of Ammon, [and] of Moab: ... Shall we then hearken unto you to do all this great evil, to transgress against our God in marrying strange wives?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:23; 22:21. Ex 12:38. 1S 6:17. 1Ch 1:17. Ne 13:23. Jb 1:1. Is 20:1. Jr 25:24; 47:1; 50:37. Lm 4:21. Ezk 25:15; 30:5. Am 1:6, 8. Zp 2:4. Zc 9:5.

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