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Jeremiah 22:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thus said Jehovah: Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and speak there this word,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thus saith the LORD; Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and speak there this word,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Thus says the LORD, “Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and there speak this word
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thus saith the LORD; Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and speak there this word,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thus saith Jehovah: Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and speak there this word,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thus, said Yahweh, Go thou down to the house of king of Judah, and speak thou there, this word,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thus said Jehovah, 'Go down [to] the house of the king of Judah, and thou hast spoken there this word, and hast said,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thus saith the Lord: Go down to the house of the king of Juda, and there thou shalt speak this word,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thus saith the LORD, Goe downe to the house of the king of Iudah, and speake there this word,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thus saith the Lord; Go thou, and go down to the house of the king of Judah{gr.Juda}, and thou shalt speak there this word,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thus saith Yahweh; Go down to the house of the king of Yehudah, and speak there this word,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Go down 3381
{3381} Prime
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
to the house 1004
{1004} Prime
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of the king 4428
{4428} Prime
From H4427; a king.
of Yh יְהוּדָה, 3063
{3063} Prime
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
and speak 1696
{1696} Prime
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
there x8033
(8033) Complement
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
this x2088
(2088) Complement
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
word, 1697
{1697} Prime
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 22:1

_ _ Jeremiah 22:1-30. Exhortation to repentance; Judgment on Shallum, Jehoiakim, and Coniah.

_ _ Belonging to an earlier period than the twenty-first chapter, namely, the reigns of Shallum or Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, and Jeconiah (Jeremiah 22:10, Jeremiah 22:13, Jeremiah 22:20). Jeremiah often groups his prophecies, not by chronological order, but by similarity of subjects; thus Jeremiah 22:3 corresponds to Jeremiah 21:12. Grotius thinks that Jeremiah here repeats to Zedekiah what he had announced to that king’s predecessors formerly (namely, his brother and brother’s son), of a similar bearing, and which had since come to pass; a warning to Zedekiah. Probably, in arranging his prophecies they were grouped for the first time in the present order, designed by the Holy Spirit to set forth the series of kings of Judah, all four alike, failing in “righteousness,” followed at last by the “King,” a righteous Branch raised unto David, in the house of Judah, “the Lord our righteousness” (Jeremiah 23:6). The unrighteousness of Zedekiah suggested the review of his predecessors’ failure in the same respects, and consequent punishment, which ought to have warned him, but did not.

_ _ Go down — The temple (where Jeremiah had been prophesying) was higher than the king’s palace on Mount Zion (Jeremiah 36:10, Jeremiah 36:12; 2 Chronicles 23:20). Hence the phrase, “Go down.”

_ _ the king of Judah — perhaps including each of the four successive kings, to whom it was consecutively addressed, here brought together in one picture: Shallum, Jeremiah 22:11; Jehoiakim, Jeremiah 22:13-18; Jeconiah, Jeremiah 22:24; Zedekiah, the address to whom (Jeremiah 21:1, Jeremiah 21:11, Jeremiah 21:12) suggests notice of the rest.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Jeremiah 22:1-9

_ _ Here we have,

_ _ I. Orders given to Jeremiah to go and preach before the king. In the foregoing chapter we are told that Zedekiah sent messengers to the prophet, but here the prophet is bidden to go, in his own proper person, to the house of the king, and demand his attention to the word of the King of kings (Jeremiah 22:2): Hear the word of the Lord, O king of Judah! Subjects must own that where the word of the king is there is power over them, but kings must own that where the word of the Lord is there is power over them. The king of Judah is here spoken to as sitting upon the throne of David, who was a man after God's own heart, as holding his dignity and power by the covenant made with David; let him therefore conform to his example, that he may have the benefit of the promises made to him. With the king his servants are spoken to, because a good government depends upon a good ministry as well as a good king.

_ _ II. Instructions given him what to preach.

_ _ 1. He must tell them what was their duty, what was the good which the Lord their God required of them, Jeremiah 22:3. They must take care, (1.) That they do all the good they can with the power they have. They must do justice in defence of those that were injured, and must deliver the spoiled out of the hand of their oppressors. This was the duty of their place, Psalms 82:3. Herein they must be ministers of God for good. (2.) That they do no hurt with it, no wrong, no violence. That is the greatest wrong and violence which is done under colour of law and justice, and by those whose business it is to punish and protect from wrong and violence. They must do no wrong to the stranger, fatherless, and widow; for these God does in a particular matter patronise and take under his tuition, Exodus 22:21, Exodus 22:22.

_ _ 2. He must assure them that the faithful discharge of their duty would advance and secure their prosperity, Jeremiah 22:4. There shall then be a succession of kings, an uninterrupted succession, upon the throne of David and of his line, these enjoying a perfect tranquillity, and living in great state and dignity, riding in chariots and on horses, as before, Jeremiah 17:25. Note, the most effectual way to preserve the dignity of the government is to do the duty of it.

_ _ 3. He must likewise assure them that the iniquity of their family, if they persisted in it, would be the ruin of their family, though it was a royal family (Jeremiah 22:5): If you will not hear, will not obey, this house shall become a desolation, the palace of the kings of Judah shall fare no better than other habitations in Jerusalem. Sin has often been the ruin of royal palaces, though ever so stately, ever so strong. This sentence is ratified by an oath: I swear by myself (and God can swear by no greater, Hebrews 6:13) that this house shall be laid in ruins. Note, Sin will be the ruin of the houses of princes as well as of mean men.

_ _ 4. He must show how fatal their wickedness would be to their kingdom as well as to themselves, to Jerusalem especially, the royal city, Jeremiah 22:6-9. (1.) It is confessed that Judah and Jerusalem had been valuable in God's eyes and considerable in their own: thou art Gilead unto me and the head of Lebanon. Their lot was cast in a place that was rich and pleasant as Gilead; Zion was a stronghold, as stately as Lebanon: this they trusted to as their security. But, (2.) This shall not protect them; the country that is now fruitful as Gilead shall be made a wilderness. The cities that are now strong as Lebanon shall be cities not inhabited; and, when the country is laid waste, the cities must be dispeopled. See how easily God's judgments can ruin a nation, and how certainly sin will do it. When this desolating work is to be done, [1.] There shall be those that shall do it effectually (Jeremiah 22:7): “I will prepare destroyers against thee; I will sanctify them” (so the word is); “I will appoint them to this service and use them in it.” Note, When destruction is designed destroyers are prepared, and perhaps are in the preparing, and things are working towards the designed destruction, and are getting ready for it, long before. And who can contend with destroyers of God's preparing? They shall destroy cities as easily as men fell trees in a forest: They shall cut down thy choice cedars; and yet, when they are down, shall value them no more than thorns and briers; they shall cast them into the fire, for their choicest cedars have become rotten ones and good for nothing else. [2.] There shall be those who shall be ready to justify God in the doing of it (Jeremiah 22:8, Jeremiah 22:9); persons of many nations, when they pass by the ruins of this city in their travels, will ask, “Wherefore hath the Lord done thus unto this city? How came so strong a city to be overpowered? so rich a city to be impoverished? so populous a city to be depopulated? so holy a city to be profaned? and a city that had been so dear to God to be abandoned by him?” The reason is so obvious that it shall be ready in every man's mouth. Ask those that go by the way, Job 21:29. Ask the next man you meet, and he will tell you it was because they changed their gods, which other nations never used to do. They forsook the covenant of Jehovah their own God, revolted from their allegiance to him and from the duty which their covenant with him bound them to, and they worshipped other gods and served them, in contempt of him; and therefore he gave them up to this destruction. Note, God never casts any off until they first cast him off. “Go,” says God to the prophet, “and preach this to the royal family.”

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am cir, 3406, bc cir, 598


Jeremiah 21:11 And touching the house of the king of Judah, [say], Hear ye the word of the LORD;
Jeremiah 34:2 Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; Go and speak to Zedekiah king of Judah, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire:
1 Samuel 15:16-23 Then Samuel said unto Saul, Stay, and I will tell thee what the LORD hath said to me this night. And he said unto him, Say on. ... For rebellion [is as] the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness [is as] iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from [being] king.
2 Samuel 12:1 And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor.
2 Samuel 24:11-12 For when David was up in the morning, the word of the LORD came unto the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying, ... Go and say unto David, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three [things]; choose thee one of them, that I may [do it] unto thee.
1 Kings 21:18-20 Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel, which [is] in Samaria: behold, [he is] in the vineyard of Naboth, whither he is gone down to possess it. ... And Ahab said to Elijah, Hast thou found me, O mine enemy? And he answered, I have found [thee]: because thou hast sold thyself to work evil in the sight of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 19:2-3 And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him, and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldest thou help the ungodly, and love them that hate the LORD? therefore [is] wrath upon thee from before the LORD. ... Nevertheless there are good things found in thee, in that thou hast taken away the groves out of the land, and hast prepared thine heart to seek God.
2 Chronicles 25:15-16 Wherefore the anger of the LORD was kindled against Amaziah, and he sent unto him a prophet, which said unto him, Why hast thou sought after the gods of the people, which could not deliver their own people out of thine hand? ... And it came to pass, as he talked with him, that [the king] said unto him, Art thou made of the king's counsel? forbear; why shouldest thou be smitten? Then the prophet forbare, and said, I know that God hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened unto my counsel.
2 Chronicles 33:10 And the LORD spake to Manasseh, and to his people: but they would not hearken.
Hosea 5:1 Hear ye this, O priests; and hearken, ye house of Israel; and give ye ear, O house of the king; for judgment [is] toward you, because ye have been a snare on Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor.
Amos 7:13 But prophesy not again any more at Bethel: for it [is] the king's chapel, and it [is] the king's court.
Mark 6:18 For John had said unto Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife.
Luke 3:19-20 But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done, ... Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.
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1S 15:16. 2S 12:1; 24:11. 1K 21:18. 2Ch 19:2; 25:15; 33:10. Jr 21:11; 34:2. Ho 5:1. Am 7:13. Mk 6:18. Lk 3:19.

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