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Jeremiah 20:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For I have heard the defaming of many, terror on every side. Denounce, and we will denounce him, [say] all my familiar friends, they that watch for my fall; peradventure he will be persuaded, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, [say they], and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, [saying], Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For I have heard the whispering of many, “Terror on every side! Denounce [him]; yes, let us denounce him!” All my trusted friends, Watching for my fall, say: “Perhaps he will be deceived, so that we may prevail against him And take our revenge on him.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, [say they], and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, [saying], Perhaps he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For I have heard the defaming of many, terror on every side: Report, and we will report it. All my familiars are watching for my stumbling: Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him; and we shall take our revenge on him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Because I have heard the whispering of many—"A terror round about!" Tell ye [say they], that we may tell of him, All the men I am wont to salute, do watch for my halting,—Peradventure, he will be persuaded, and we shall prevail over him, and take our vengeance upon him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For I have heard the evil report of many, Fear [is] round about: 'Declare, and we declare it,' All mine allies are watching [for] my halting, 'Perhaps he is enticed, and we prevail over him, And we take our vengeance out of him.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I heard the reproaches of many, and terror on every side: Persecute him, and let us persecute him: from all the men that were my familiars, and continued at my side: if by any means he may be deceived, and we may prevail against him, and be revenged on him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For I heard the defaming of many, feare on euery side. Report, [say they], and wee will report it: all my familiars watched for my halting, [saying]; Peraduenture he will be enticed: and we shall preuaile against him, and we shall take our reuenge on him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For I have heard the reproach of many gathering round, [saying], Conspire ye, and let us conspire together against him, [even] all his friends: watch his intentions, if perhaps he shall be deceived, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall be avenged on him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, [say they], and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, [saying], Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
I heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the defaming 1681
{1681} Prime
דִּבָּה
dibbah
{dib-baw'}
From H1680 (in the sense of furtive motion); slander.
of many, 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
fear 4032
{4032} Prime
מָגוֹר
magowr
{maw-gore'}
From H1481 in the sense of fearing; a fright (objectively or subjectively).
on every side. 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Report, 5046
{5046} Prime
נָגַד
nagad
{naw-gad'}
A primitive root; properly to front, that is, stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically to expose, predict, explain, praise.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
[say they], and we will report 5046
{5046} Prime
נָגַד
nagad
{naw-gad'}
A primitive root; properly to front, that is, stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically to expose, predict, explain, praise.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
it. All x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
my familiars 582
{0582} Prime
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
7965
{7965} Prime
שָׁלוֹם
shalowm
{shaw-lome'}
From H7999; safe, that is, (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, that is, health, prosperity, peace.
watched 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
for my halting, 6761
{6761} Prime
צֶלַע
tsela`
{tseh'-lah}
From H6760; a limping or fall (figuratively).
y6763
[6763] Standard
צֵלָע
tsela`
{tsay-law'}
From H6760; a rib (as curved), literally (of the body) or figuratively (of a door, that is, leaf); hence a side, literally (of a person) or figuratively (of an object or the sky, that is, quarter); architecturally a timber (especially floor or ceiling) or plank (single or collectively, that is, a flooring).
z8676
<8676> Grammar
Qere Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the kethiv reading rather than the qere.
[saying], Peradventure x194
(0194) Complement
אוּלַי
'uwlay
{oo-lah'ee}
From H0176; if not; hence perhaps.
he will be enticed, 6601
{6601} Prime
פָּתָה
pathah
{paw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to open, that is, be (causatively make) roomy; usually figuratively (in a mental or moral sense) to be (causatively make) simple or (in a sinister way) delude.
z8792
<8792> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 93
and we shall prevail 3201
{3201} Prime
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against him, and we shall take 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
our revenge 5360
{5360} Prime
נְקָמָה
n@qamah
{nek-aw-maw'}
Feminine of H5359; avengement, whether the act or the passion.
on x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 20:10

_ _ For — not referring to the words immediately preceding, but to “I will not make mention of Him.” The “defaming” or detraction of the enemy on every side (see Psalms 31:13) tempted him to think of prophesying no more.

_ _ Report ... we will report — The words of his adversaries one to the other; give any information against him (true or false) which will give color for accusing him; and “we will report it,” namely, to the Sanhedrim, in order to crush him.

_ _ familiars — literally, “men of my peace”; those who pretended to be on peaceable terms with me (Psalms 41:9). Jeremiah is a type of Messiah, referred to in that Psalm. (See Jeremiah 38:22; Job 19:19; Psalms 55:13, Psalms 55:14; Luke 11:53, Luke 11:54).

_ _ watched for my halting — (Psalms 35:15, Margin, “halting”; Psalms 38:17; Psalms 71:10, Margin). Gesenius not so well translates, according to Arabic idiom, “those guarding my side” (that is, my most intimate friends always at my side), in apposition to “familiars,” and the subject of “say” (instead of “saying”). The Hebrew means properly “side,” then “halting,” as the halt bend on one side.

_ _ enticed — to commit some sin.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 20:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 20:10

Prevail — Desiring nothing more than that I might be enticed to speak or do something which they might make matter of a colourable accusation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 20:10

For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. (f) Report, [say they], and we will report it. All my friends watched for my fall, [saying], Perhaps he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.

(f) Thus the enemies conferred together to know what they had heard him say, that they might accuse him of it, read (Isaiah 29:21).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I heard:

Psalms 31:13 For I have heard the slander of many: fear [was] on every side: while they took counsel together against me, they devised to take away my life.
Psalms 57:4 My soul [is] among lions: [and] I lie [even among] them that are set on fire, [even] the sons of men, whose teeth [are] spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword.
Psalms 64:2-4 Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked; from the insurrection of the workers of iniquity: ... That they may shoot in secret at the perfect: suddenly do they shoot at him, and fear not.
Matthew 26:59-60 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; ... But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, [yet] found they none. At the last came two false witnesses,

fear:

Jeremiah 20:3 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Pashur brought forth Jeremiah out of the stocks. Then said Jeremiah unto him, The LORD hath not called thy name Pashur, but Magormissabib.

Report:

Jeremiah 18:18 Then said they, Come, and let us devise devices against Jeremiah; for the law shall not perish from the priest, nor counsel from the wise, nor the word from the prophet. Come, and let us smite him with the tongue, and let us not give heed to any of his words.
Nehemiah 6:6-13 Wherein [was] written, It is reported among the heathen, and Gashmu saith [it, that] thou and the Jews think to rebel: for which cause thou buildest the wall, that thou mayest be their king, according to these words. ... Therefore [was] he hired, that I should be afraid, and do so, and sin, and [that] they might have [matter] for an evil report, that they might reproach me.
Proverbs 10:18 He that hideth hatred [with] lying lips, and he that uttereth a slander, [is] a fool.
Isaiah 29:21 That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of nought.
Ezekiel 22:9 In thee are men that carry tales to shed blood: and in thee they eat upon the mountains: in the midst of thee they commit lewdness.
Luke 20:20 And they watched [him], and sent forth spies, which should feign themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor.
Acts 6:11-15 Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and [against] God. ... And all that sat in the council, looking stedfastly on him, saw his face as it had been the face of an angel.
Acts 24:1-9 And after five days Ananias the high priest descended with the elders, and [with] a certain orator [named] Tertullus, who informed the governor against Paul. ... And the Jews also assented, saying that these things were so.
Acts 24:13 Neither can they prove the things whereof they now accuse me.

All my familiars:
Heb. Every man of my peace,
Job 19:19 All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me.
Psalms 41:9 Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up [his] heel against me.
Psalms 55:13-14 But [it was] thou, a man mine equal, my guide, and mine acquaintance. ... We took sweet counsel together, [and] walked unto the house of God in company.
Luke 11:53-54 And as he said these things unto them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge [him] vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things: ... Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him.
Luke 12:52-53 For from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three. ... The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.

we shall:

1 Kings 19:2 Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah, saying, So let the gods do [to me], and more also, if I make not thy life as the life of one of them by to morrow about this time.
1 Kings 21:20 And Ahab said to Elijah, Hast thou found me, O mine enemy? And he answered, I have found [thee]: because thou hast sold thyself to work evil in the sight of the LORD.
1 Kings 22:8 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, [There is] yet one man, Micaiah the son of Imlah, by whom we may enquire of the LORD: but I hate him; for he doth not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.
1 Kings 22:27 And say, Thus saith the king, Put this [fellow] in the prison, and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction, until I come in peace.
Mark 6:19-28 Therefore Herodias had a quarrel against him, and would have killed him; but she could not: ... And brought his head in a charger, and gave it to the damsel: and the damsel gave it to her mother.
Acts 5:33 When they heard [that], they were cut [to the heart], and took counsel to slay them.
Acts 7:54 When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with [their] teeth.
Acts 23:12-15 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. ... Now therefore ye with the council signify to the chief captain that he bring him down unto you to morrow, as though ye would enquire something more perfectly concerning him: and we, or ever he come near, are ready to kill him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 19:2; 21:20; 22:8, 27. Ne 6:6. Jb 19:19. Ps 31:13; 41:9; 55:13; 57:4; 64:2. Pv 10:18. Is 29:21. Jr 18:18; 20:3. Ezk 22:9. Mt 26:59. Mk 6:19. Lk 11:53; 12:52; 20:20. Ac 5:33; 6:11; 7:54; 23:12; 24:1, 13.

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