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Jeremiah 2:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Go, and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, I remember for thee the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals; how thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land that was not sown.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land [that was] not sown.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Go and proclaim in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD, “I remember concerning you the devotion of your youth, The love of your betrothals, Your following after Me in the wilderness, Through a land not sown.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Go, and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thy espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land [that was] not sown.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith Jehovah: I remember for thee the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land not sown.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying—Thus, saith Yahweh, I remember, in thy behalf, the lovingkindness of thy youthful days, The love of thy bridal estate,—Thy coming out after me, Through the desert, Through a land, not sown:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Go, and thou hast called in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus said Jehovah: I have remembered for thee The kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, Thy going after Me in a wilderness, in a land not sown.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Go, and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying: Thus saith the Lord: I have remembered thee, pitying thy youth, and the love of thy espousals, when thou followedst me in the desert, in a land that is not sown.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Goe, and crie in the eares of Ierusalem, saying; Thus sayth the LORD, I remember thee, the kindnesse of thy youth, the loue of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wildernesse, in a land that was not sowen.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I remember the kindness of thy youth, and the love of thine espousals,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Go and cry in the ears of Yerushalaim, saying, Thus saith Yahweh; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land [that was] not sown.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Go 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and cry 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in the ears 241
{0241} Prime
אֹזֶן
'ozen
{o'-zen}
From H0238; broadness, that is, (concretely) the ear (from its form in man).
of Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם, 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
saying, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
כֹּה
koh
{ko}
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
I remember 2142
{2142} Prime
זָכַר
zakar
{zaw-kar'}
A primitive root; properly to mark (so as to be recognized), that is, to remember; by implication to mention; also (as denominative from H2145) to be male.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thee, the kindness 2617
{2617} Prime
חֶסֶד
checed
{kheh'-sed}
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
of thy youth, 5271
{5271} Prime
נָעוּר
na`uwr
{naw-oor'}
Properly passive participle from H5288 as denominative; (only in plural collectively or emphatically) youth, the state (juvenility) or the persons (young people).
the love 160
{0160} Prime
אַהֲבָה
'ahabah
{a-hab-aw'}
Feminine of H0158 and meaning the same.
of thine espousals, 3623
{3623} Prime
כְּלוּלָה
k@luwlah
{kel-oo-law'}
Denominative passive participle from H3618; bridehood (only in the plural).
when thou wentest y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
me in the wilderness, 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
in a land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
[that was] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
sown. 2232
{2232} Prime
זָרַע
zara`
{zaw-rah'}
A primitive root; to sow; figuratively to disseminate, plant, fructify.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 2:2

_ _ cry — proclaim.

_ _ Jerusalem — the headquarters and center of their idolatry; therefore addressed first.

_ _ thee — rather, “I remember in regard to thee” [Henderson]; “for thee” [Maurer].

_ _ kindness of thy youth — not so much Israel’s kindness towards God, as the kindness which Israel experienced from God in their early history (compare Ezekiel 16:8, Ezekiel 16:22, Ezekiel 16:60; Ezekiel 23:3, Ezekiel 23:8, Ezekiel 23:19; Hosea 2:15). For Israel from the first showed perversity rather than kindness towards God (compare Exodus 14:11, Exodus 14:12; Exodus 15:24; Exodus 32:1-7, etc.). The greater were God’s favors to them from the first, the fouler was their ingratitude in forsaking Him (Jeremiah 2:3, Jeremiah 2:5, etc.).

_ _ espousals — the intervals between Israel’s betrothal to God at the exodus from Egypt, and the formal execution of the marriage contract at Sinai. Ewald takes the “kindness” and “love” to be Israel’s towards God at first (Exodus 19:8; Exodus 24:3; Exodus 35:20-29; Exodus 36:5; Joshua 24:16-17). But compare Deuteronomy 32:16, Deuteronomy 32:17; Ezekiel 16:5, Ezekiel 16:6, Ezekiel 16:15, Ezekiel 16:22 (“days of thy youth”) implies that the love here meant was on God’s side, not Israel’s.

_ _ thou wentest after me in ... wilderness — the next act of God’s love, His leading them in the desert without needing any strange god, such as they since worshipped, to help Him (Deuteronomy 2:7; Deuteronomy 32:12). Jeremiah 2:6 shows it is God’s “leading” of them, not their following after God in the wilderness, which is implied.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 2:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 2:2

Go — From Anathoth to Jerusalem. Remember — I remind thee of the kindness that was between us. The love — When I entered into covenant with thee at the giving of the law. Wilderness — I took such care of thee, in the howling wilderness, a land that was not sown.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 2:2

Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the (a) kindness of thy youth, the love of thy espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, (b) in a land [that was] not sown.

(a) According to that grace and favour which I showed you from the beginning, when I first chose you to be my people, and married you to myself, (Ezekiel 16:8).

(b) When I had delivered you out of Egypt.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cry:

Jeremiah 7:2 Stand in the gate of the LORD'S house, and proclaim there this word, and say, Hear the word of the LORD, all [ye of] Judah, that enter in at these gates to worship the LORD.
Jeremiah 11:6 Then the LORD said unto me, Proclaim all these words in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, saying, Hear ye the words of this covenant, and do them.
Jeremiah 19:2 And go forth unto the valley of the son of Hinnom, which [is] by the entry of the east gate, and proclaim there the words that I shall tell thee,
Proverbs 1:20 Wisdom crieth without; she uttereth her voice in the streets:
Proverbs 8:1-4 Doth not wisdom cry? and understanding put forth her voice? ... Unto you, O men, I call; and my voice [is] to the sons of man.
Isaiah 58:1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.
Hosea 8:1 [Set] the trumpet to thy mouth. [He shall come] as an eagle against the house of the LORD, because they have transgressed my covenant, and trespassed against my law.
Jonah 1:2 Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.
Matthew 11:15 He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
Luke 12:13 And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me.

thee:
or, for thy sake

the kindness:

Exodus 14:31 And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses.
Exodus 15:1-20 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spake, saying, I will sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea. ... And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.
Ezekiel 16:8 Now when I passed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time [was] the time of love; and I spread my skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the Lord GOD, and thou becamest mine.
Ezekiel 16:22 And in all thine abominations and thy whoredoms thou hast not remembered the days of thy youth, when thou wast naked and bare, [and] wast polluted in thy blood.
Ezekiel 16:60 Nevertheless I will remember my covenant with thee in the days of thy youth, and I will establish unto thee an everlasting covenant.
Ezekiel 23:3 And they committed whoredoms in Egypt; they committed whoredoms in their youth: there were their breasts pressed, and there they bruised the teats of their virginity.
Ezekiel 23:8 Neither left she her whoredoms [brought] from Egypt: for in her youth they lay with her, and they bruised the breasts of her virginity, and poured their whoredom upon her.
Ezekiel 23:19 Yet she multiplied her whoredoms, in calling to remembrance the days of her youth, wherein she had played the harlot in the land of Egypt.
Hosea 2:15 And I will give her her vineyards from thence, and the valley of Achor for a door of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt.

thine espousals:

Exodus 24:3-8 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do. ... And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled [it] on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.
Song of Songs 3:11 Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals, and in the day of the gladness of his heart.
Exodus 16:8 And Moses said, [This shall be], when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what [are] we? your murmurings [are] not against us, but against the LORD.

when:

Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where [is] the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?
Deuteronomy 2:7 For the LORD thy God hath blessed thee in all the works of thy hand: he knoweth thy walking through this great wilderness: these forty years the LORD thy God [hath been] with thee; thou hast lacked nothing.
Deuteronomy 8:2 And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no.
Deuteronomy 8:15-16 Who led thee through that great and terrible wilderness, [wherein were] fiery serpents, and scorpions, and drought, where [there was] no water; who brought thee forth water out of the rock of flint; ... Who fed thee in the wilderness with manna, which thy fathers knew not, that he might humble thee, and that he might prove thee, to do thee good at thy latter end;
Nehemiah 9:12-21 Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go. ... Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, [so that] they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not.
Isaiah 63:7-14 I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, [and] the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses. ... As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name.
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Ex 14:31; 15:1; 16:8; 24:3. Dt 2:7; 8:2, 15. Ne 9:12. Pv 1:20; 8:1. So 3:11. Is 58:1; 63:7. Jr 2:6; 7:2; 11:6; 19:2. Ezk 16:8, 22, 60; 23:3, 8, 19. Ho 2:15; 8:1. Jna 1:2. Mt 11:15. Lk 12:13.

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