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Jeremiah 2:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Be appalled, O heavens, at this, And shudder, be very desolate,” declares the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Be astonished, ye heavens, at this, and shudder; be amazed very much, saith Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Be amazed, O ye heavens, at this,—And shudder, be dried up utterly, Urgeth Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Be astonished, ye heavens, at this, Yea, be frightened, be greatly wasted, An affirmation of Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and ye gates thereof, be very desolate, saith the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Be astonished, O yee heauens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be yee very desolate, saith the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The heaven is amazed at this, and is very exceedingly horror-struck, saith the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Be astonished, 8074
{8074} Prime
שָׁמֵם
shamem
{shaw-mame'}
A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
O ye heavens, 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
at x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
this, x2063
(2063) Complement
זֹאת
zo'th
{zothe'}
Irregular feminine of H2089; this (often used adverbially).
and be horribly afraid, 8175
{8175} Prime
שָׂעַר
sa`ar
{saw-ar'}
A rpim root; to storm; by implication to shiver, that is, fear.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
be ye very 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
desolate, 2717
{2717} Prime
חָרַב
charab
{khaw-rab'}
A primitive root; to parch (through drought), that is, (by analogy) to desolate, destroy, kill.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
saith 5002
{5002} Prime
נְאֻם
n@'um
{neh-oom'}
From H5001; an oracle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 2:12

_ _ Impassioned personification (Isaiah 1:2).

_ _ horribly afraid — rather, be horrified.”

_ _ be ... very desolate — rather, “be exceedingly aghast” at the monstrous spectacle. Literally, “to be dried up,” or “devastated,” (places devastated have such an unsightly look) [Maurer].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 2:9-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 2:12

O ye heavens — A pathetical expression, intimating that it is such a thing, that the very inanimate creatures, could they be sensible of it, would be astonished. Be desolate — Lose your brightness, as the sun seemed to do when Christ suffered.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 2:12

Be astonished, O ye (s) heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith the LORD.

(s) He shows that the insensible creatures abhor this vile ingratitude, and as it were tremble for fear of God's great judgments against the same.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Jeremiah 6:19 Hear, O earth: behold, I will bring evil upon this people, [even] the fruit of their thoughts, because they have not hearkened unto my words, nor to my law, but rejected it.
Jeremiah 22:29 O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the LORD.
Deuteronomy 32:1 Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth.
Isaiah 1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.
Micah 6:2 Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD'S controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel.
Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.
Matthew 27:50-53 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. ... And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:1. Is 1:2. Jr 6:19; 22:29. Mi 6:2. Mt 27:45, 50.

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