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Jeremiah 18:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— if that nation, concerning which I have spoken, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If that nation, against whom I have pronounced, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— if that nation against which I have spoken turns from its evil, I will relent concerning the calamity I planned to bring on it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If that nation against which I have pronounced, shall turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do to them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— if that nation, concerning which I have spoken, turn from their evil, then I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and that nation return, from its wickedness, against whom I have spoken, then will I repent concerning the calamity, which I had devised to bring upon it.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And that nation hath turned from its evil, Because I have spoken against it, Then I have repented of the evil that I thought to do to it.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If that nation against which I have spoken, shall repent of their evil, I also will repent of the evil that I have thought to do to them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If that nation against whom I haue pronounced, turne from their euill, I will repent of the euill that I thought to doe vnto them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and that nation turn from all their sins, then will I repent of the evils which I purposed to do to them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If that nation, against whom I have pronounced, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
nation, 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
whom x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
I have pronounced, 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
turn 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from their evil, 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
I will repent 5162
{5162} Prime
נָחַם
nacham
{naw-kham'}
A primitive root; properly to sigh, that is, breathe strongly; by implication to be sorry, that is, (in a favorable sense) to pity, console or (reflexively) rue; or (unfavorably) to avenge (oneself).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
of x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
I thought 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to do 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
unto them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 18:8

_ _ their evil — in antithesis to, “the evil that I thought to do.”

_ _ repent — God herein adapts Himself to human conceptions. The change is not in God, but in the circumstances which regulate God’s dealings: just as we say the land recedes from us when we sail forth, whereas it is we who recede from the land (Ezekiel 18:21; Ezekiel 33:11). God’s unchangeable principle is to do the best that can be done under all circumstances; if then He did not take into account the moral change in His people (their prayers, etc.), He would not be acting according to His own unchanging principle (Jeremiah 18:9, Jeremiah 18:10). This is applied practically to the Jews’ case (Jeremiah 18:11; see Jeremiah 26:3; Jonah 3:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 18:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 18:8

If that nation, against which I have pronounced, shall turn from their evil, I will (b) repent of the evil that I thought to do to them.

(b) When the Scripture attributes repentance to God, it is not that he does contrary to that which he has ordained in his secret counsel: but when he threatens it is a calling to repentance, and when he gives man grace to repent, the threatening (which ever contains a condition in it) takes no place: and this the scripture calls repentance in God, because it so appears to man's judgment.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that nation:

Jeremiah 7:3-7 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Amend your ways and your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this place. ... Then will I cause you to dwell in this place, in the land that I gave to your fathers, for ever and ever.
Jeremiah 36:3 It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.
Judges 10:15-16 And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. ... And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.
1 Kings 8:33-34 When thy people Israel be smitten down before the enemy, because they have sinned against thee, and shall turn again to thee, and confess thy name, and pray, and make supplication unto thee in this house: ... Then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which thou gavest unto their fathers.
2 Chronicles 12:6 Whereupon the princes of Israel and the king humbled themselves; and they said, The LORD [is] righteous.
Isaiah 1:16-19 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil; ... If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land:
Ezekiel 18:21 But if the wicked will turn from all his sins that he hath committed, and keep all my statutes, and do that which is lawful and right, he shall surely live, he shall not die.
Ezekiel 33:11 Say unto them, [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
Ezekiel 33:13 When I shall say to the righteous, [that] he shall surely live; if he trust to his own righteousness, and commit iniquity, all his righteousnesses shall not be remembered; but for his iniquity that he hath committed, he shall die for it.
Jonah 2:5-10 The waters compassed me about, [even] to the soul: the depth closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head. ... And the LORD spake unto the fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the dry [land].
Luke 13:3-5 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. ... I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.

I will:

Jeremiah 15:6 Thou hast forsaken me, saith the LORD, thou art gone backward: therefore will I stretch out my hand against thee, and destroy thee; I am weary with repenting.
Jeremiah 26:3 If so be they will hearken, and turn every man from his evil way, that I may repent me of the evil, which I purpose to do unto them because of the evil of their doings.
Jeremiah 26:13 Therefore now amend your ways and your doings, and obey the voice of the LORD your God; and the LORD will repent him of the evil that he hath pronounced against you.
Jeremiah 42:10 If ye will still abide in this land, then will I build you, and not pull [you] down, and I will plant you, and not pluck [you] up: for I repent me of the evil that I have done unto you.
Exodus 32:12 Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people.
Deuteronomy 32:36 For the LORD shall judge his people, and repent himself for his servants, when he seeth that [their] power is gone, and [there is] none shut up, or left.
Judges 2:18 And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.
Psalms 90:13 Return, O LORD, how long? and let it repent thee concerning thy servants.
Psalms 106:45 And he remembered for them his covenant, and repented according to the multitude of his mercies.
Psalms 135:14 For the LORD will judge his people, and he will repent himself concerning his servants.
Hosea 11:8 How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? [how] shall I deliver thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? [how] shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.
Joel 2:13-14 And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he [is] gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. ... Who knoweth [if] he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him; [even] a meat offering and a drink offering unto the LORD your God?
Amos 7:3-6 The LORD repented for this: It shall not be, saith the LORD. ... The LORD repented for this: This also shall not be, saith the Lord GOD.
Jonah 3:9-10 Who can tell [if] God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? ... And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did [it] not.
Jonah 4:2 And he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I pray thee, O LORD, [was] not this my saying, when I was yet in my country? Therefore I fled before unto Tarshish: for I knew that thou [art] a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repentest thee of the evil.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 32:12. Dt 32:36. Jg 2:18; 10:15. 1K 8:33. 2Ch 12:6. Ps 90:13; 106:45; 135:14. Is 1:16. Jr 7:3; 15:6; 26:3, 13; 36:3; 42:10. Ezk 18:21; 33:11, 13. Ho 11:8. Jol 2:13. Am 7:3. Jna 2:5; 3:9; 4:2. Lk 13:3.

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