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Jeremiah 18:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— to make their land an astonishment, and a perpetual hissing; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished, and shake his head.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To make their land desolate, [and] a perpetual hissing; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished, and wag his head.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— To make their land a desolation, [An object of] perpetual hissing; Everyone who passes by it will be astonished And shake his head.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To make their land desolate, [and] a perpetual hissing; every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and wag his head.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— to make their land an astonishment, a perpetual hissing: every one that passeth by shall be astonished, and shake his head.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To make their land a desolation, The hissings of age-abiding times,—Every one that passeth by her, shall be astonished and wag his head.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To make their land become a desolation, A hissing age-during, Every passer by it is astonished, And bemoaneth with his head.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That their land might be given up to desolation, and to a perpetual hissing: every one that shall pass by it, shall be astonished, and wag his head.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To make their land desolate [and] a perpetuall hissing: euery one that passeth thereby shall bee astonished, and wagge his head.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— to make their land a desolation, and a perpetual hissing; all that go through it shall be amazed, and shall shake their heads.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— To make their land desolate, [and] a perpetual hissing; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished, and wag his head.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To make 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
their land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
desolate, 8047
{8047} Prime
שַׁמָּה
shammah
{sham-maw'}
From H8074; ruin; by implication consternation.
[and] a perpetual 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
hissing; 8292
{8292} Prime
שְׁרוּקָה
sh@ruwqah
{sher-oo-kaw'}
(The second form is by permutation); feminine passive participle of H8319; a whistling (in scorn); by analogy a piping.
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
every one x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
that passeth 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
thereby x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
shall be astonished, 8074
{8074} Prime
שָׁמֵם
shamem
{shaw-mame'}
A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and wag 5110
{5110} Prime
נוּד
nuwd
{nood}
A primitive root; to nod, that is, waver; figuratively to wander, flee, disappear; also (from shaking the head in sympathy), to console, deplore, or (from tossing the head in scorn) taunt.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
his head. 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 18:16

_ _ hissing — (1 Kings 9:8). In sign of contempt. That which was to be only the event is ascribed to the purpose of the people, although altogether different from what they would have been likely to hope for. Their purpose is represented as being the destruction of their country, because it was the inevitable result of their course of acting.

_ _ wag ... head — in mockery (2 Kings 19:21; Matthew 27:39). As “wag ... head” answers to “hissing,” so “astonished” answers to “desolate,” for which, therefore, Munster and others rather translate, “an object of wonder” (Jeremiah 19:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 18:11-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 18:16

Desolate — Not that this was the end they aimed at, but it was the end these courses would certainly issue in.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
make:

Jeremiah 9:11 And I will make Jerusalem heaps, [and] a den of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.
Jeremiah 19:8 And I will make this city desolate, and an hissing; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished and hiss because of all the plagues thereof.
Jeremiah 25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
Jeremiah 49:13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.
Jeremiah 50:13 Because of the wrath of the LORD it shall not be inhabited, but it shall be wholly desolate: every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished, and hiss at all her plagues.
Leviticus 26:33-34 And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste. ... Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye [be] in your enemies' land; [even] then shall the land rest, and enjoy her sabbaths.
Leviticus 26:43 The land also shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate without them: and they shall accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even because they despised my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my statutes.
Deuteronomy 29:23 [And that] the whole land thereof [is] brimstone, and salt, [and] burning, [that] it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his anger, and in his wrath:
Isaiah 6:11 Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate,
Ezekiel 6:14 So will I stretch out my hand upon them, and make the land desolate, yea, more desolate than the wilderness toward Diblath, in all their habitations: and they shall know that I [am] the LORD.
Ezekiel 12:19 And say unto the people of the land, Thus saith the Lord GOD of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, [and] of the land of Israel; They shall eat their bread with carefulness, and drink their water with astonishment, that her land may be desolate from all that is therein, because of the violence of all them that dwell therein.
Ezekiel 33:28-29 For I will lay the land most desolate, and the pomp of her strength shall cease; and the mountains of Israel shall be desolate, that none shall pass through. ... Then shall they know that I [am] the LORD, when I have laid the land most desolate because of all their abominations which they have committed.

a perpetual:

1 Kings 9:8 And at this house, [which] is high, every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and to this house?
2 Chronicles 7:20-21 Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it [to be] a proverb and a byword among all nations. ... And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house?
Lamentations 2:15-16 All that pass by clap [their] hands at thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, [saying, Is] this the city that [men] call The perfection of beauty, The joy of the whole earth? ... All thine enemies have opened their mouth against thee: they hiss and gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed [her] up: certainly this [is] the day that we looked for; we have found, we have seen [it].
Micah 6:16 For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and ye walk in their counsels; that I should make thee a desolation, and the inhabitants thereof an hissing: therefore ye shall bear the reproach of my people.

shall be:

Deuteronomy 28:59 Then the LORD will make thy plagues wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed, [even] great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sicknesses, and of long continuance.
Psalms 22:7 All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, [saying],
Psalms 44:14 Thou makest us a byword among the heathen, a shaking of the head among the people.
Isaiah 37:22 This [is] the word which the LORD hath spoken concerning him; The virgin, the daughter of Zion, hath despised thee, [and] laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee.
Matthew 27:39 And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,
Mark 15:29 And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest [it] in three days,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:33, 43. Dt 28:59; 29:23. 1K 9:8. 2Ch 7:20. Ps 22:7; 44:14. Is 6:11; 37:22. Jr 9:11; 19:8; 25:9; 49:13; 50:13. Lm 2:15. Ezk 6:14; 12:19; 33:28. Mi 6:16. Mt 27:39. Mk 15:29.

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