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Jeremiah 16:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double, because they have polluted my land with the carcasses of their detestable things, and have filled mine inheritance with their abominations.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double; because they have defiled my land, they have filled mine inheritance with the carcases of their detestable and abominable things.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I will first doubly repay their iniquity and their sin, because they have polluted My land; they have filled My inheritance with the carcasses of their detestable idols and with their abominations.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double; because they have defiled my land, they have filled my inheritance with the carcasses of their detestable and abominable things.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double, because they have profaned my land with the carcases of their detestable things, and with their abominations have they filled mine inheritance.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thus will I recompense, first, twofold, their iniquity and their sin, because of their profaning my land,—with the carcase of their disgusting and detestable things, have they filled mine inheritance.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I have recompensed a first—A second time—their iniquity and their sin, Because of their polluting My land, With the carcase of their detestable things, Yea, their abominable things have filled Mine inheritance.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I will repay first their double iniquities, and their sins: because they have defiled my land with the carcasses of their idols, and they have filled my inheritance with their abominations.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And first I will recompense their iniquitie, and their sinne double, because they haue defiled my land, they haue filled mine inheritance with the carkeises of their detestable and abominable things.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will recompense their mischiefs doubly, and their sins, whereby they have profaned my land with the carcases of their abominations, and with their iniquities, whereby they have trespassed against mine inheritance.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double; because they have defiled my land, they have filled mine inheritance with the carcases of their detestable and abominable things.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And first 7223
{7223} Prime
רִאשׁוֹן
ri'shown
{ree-shone'}
From H7221; first, in place, time or rank (as adjective or noun).
I will recompense 7999
{7999} Prime
שָׁלַם
shalam
{shaw-lam'}
A primitive root; to be safe (in mind, body or estate); figuratively to be (causatively make) completed; by implication to be friendly; by extension to reciprocate (in various applications).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
their iniquity 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
and their sin 2403
{2403} Prime
חַטָּאָה
chatta'ah
{khat-taw-aw'}
From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender.
double; 4932
{4932} Prime
מִשְׁנֶה
mishneh
{mish-neh'}
From H8138; properly a repetition, that is, a duplicate (copy of a document), or a double (in amount); by implication a second (in order, rank, age, quality or location).
because x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
they have defiled 2490
{2490} Prime
חָלַל
chalal
{khaw-lal'}
A primitive root (compare H2470); properly to bore, that is, (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an opening-wedge); denominatively (from H2485) to play (the flute).
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
my land, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
they have filled 4390
{4390} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
A primitive root, to fill or (intransitively) be full of, in a wide application (literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
mine inheritance 5159
{5159} Prime
נַחֲלָה
nachalah
{nakh-al-aw'}
From H5157 (in its usual sense); properly something inherited, that is, (abstractly) occupancy, or (concretely) an heirloom; generally an estate, patrimony or portion.
with the carcases 5038
{5038} Prime
נְבֵלָה
n@belah
{neb-ay-law'}
From H5034; a flabby thing, that is, a carcase or carrion (human or bestial, often collective); figuratively an idol.
of their detestable 8251
{8251} Prime
שִׁקּוּץ
shiqquwts
{shik-koots'}
From H8262; disgusting, that is, filthy; especially idolatrous or (concretely) an idol.
and abominable things. 8441
{8441} Prime
תּוֹעֵבָה
tow`ebah
{to-ay-baw'}
Feminine active participle of H8581; properly something disgusting (morally), that is, (as noun) an abhorrence; especially idolatry or (concretely) an idol.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 16:18

_ _ first ... double — Horsley translates, “I will recompense ... once and again”; literally, “the first time repeated”: alluding to the two captivities — the Babylonian and the Roman. Maurer, “I will recompense their former iniquities (those long ago committed by their fathers) and their (own) repeated sins” (Jeremiah 16:11, Jeremiah 16:12). English Version gives a good sense, “First (before ‘I bring them again into their land’), I will doubly (that is, fully and amply, Jeremiah 17:18; Isaiah 40:2) recompense.”

_ _ carcasses — not sweet-smelling sacrifices acceptable to God, but “carcasses” offered to idols, an offensive odor to God: human victims (Jeremiah 19:5; Ezekiel 16:20), and unclean animals (Isaiah 65:4; Isaiah 66:17). Maurer explains it, “the carcasses” of the idols: their images void of sense and life. Compare Jeremiah 16:19, Jeremiah 16:20. Leviticus 26:30 favors this.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 16:14-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 16:18

I will recompense — Before I will restore them, I will plentifully punish them, (for so double here signifies, not the double of what their sins deserve.) Defiled — By their idolatry, blood and cruelty. Detestable — Unclean beasts offered to their idols, or innocent persons slain by them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 16:18

And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double; because they have defiled my land, they have filled my inheritance with the (h) carcases of their detestable and abominable things.

(h) That is, their sons and daughters, who they offered to Molech.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
first:

Jeremiah 17:18 Let them be confounded that persecute me, but let not me be confounded: let them be dismayed, but let not me be dismayed: bring upon them the day of evil, and destroy them with double destruction.
Isaiah 40:2 Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the LORD'S hand double for all her sins.
Isaiah 61:7 For your shame [ye shall have] double; and [for] confusion they shall rejoice in their portion: therefore in their land they shall possess the double: everlasting joy shall be unto them.
Revelation 18:6 Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double.

they have defiled:

Jeremiah 2:7 And I brought you into a plentiful country, to eat the fruit thereof and the goodness thereof; but when ye entered, ye defiled my land, and made mine heritage an abomination.
Jeremiah 3:1-2 They say, If a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become another man's, shall he return unto her again? shall not that land be greatly polluted? but thou hast played the harlot with many lovers; yet return again to me, saith the LORD. ... Lift up thine eyes unto the high places, and see where thou hast not been lien with. In the ways hast thou sat for them, as the Arabian in the wilderness; and thou hast polluted the land with thy whoredoms and with thy wickedness.
Jeremiah 3:9 And it came to pass through the lightness of her whoredom, that she defiled the land, and committed adultery with stones and with stocks.
Leviticus 18:27-28 (For all these abominations have the men of the land done, which [were] before you, and the land is defiled;) ... That the land spue not you out also, when ye defile it, as it spued out the nations that [were] before you.
Numbers 35:33-34 So ye shall not pollute the land wherein ye [are]: for blood it defileth the land: and the land cannot be cleansed of the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of him that shed it. ... Defile not therefore the land which ye shall inhabit, wherein I dwell: for I the LORD dwell among the children of Israel.
Psalms 106:38 And shed innocent blood, [even] the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they sacrificed unto the idols of Canaan: and the land was polluted with blood.
Isaiah 24:5 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.
Micah 2:10 Arise ye, and depart; for this [is] not [your] rest: because it is polluted, it shall destroy [you], even with a sore destruction.
Zephaniah 3:1-5 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city! ... The just LORD [is] in the midst thereof; he will not do iniquity: every morning doth he bring his judgment to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame.

the carcases:

Leviticus 26:30 And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you.
Ezekiel 11:18 And they shall come thither, and they shall take away all the detestable things thereof and all the abominations thereof from thence.
Ezekiel 11:21 But [as for them] whose heart walketh after the heart of their detestable things and their abominations, I will recompense their way upon their own heads, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 43:7-9 And he said unto me, Son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever, and my holy name, shall the house of Israel no more defile, [neither] they, nor their kings, by their whoredom, nor by the carcases of their kings in their high places. ... Now let them put away their whoredom, and the carcases of their kings, far from me, and I will dwell in the midst of them for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 18:27; 26:30. Nu 35:33. Ps 106:38. Is 24:5; 40:2; 61:7. Jr 2:7; 3:1, 9; 17:18. Ezk 11:18, 21; 43:7. Mi 2:10. Zp 3:1. Rv 18:6.

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