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Jeremiah 15:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Why is my pain perpetual, and my wound incurable, which refuseth to be healed? wilt thou indeed be unto me as a deceitful [brook], as waters that fail?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Why is my pain perpetual, and my wound incurable, [which] refuseth to be healed? wilt thou be altogether unto me as a liar, [and as] waters [that] fail?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Why has my pain been perpetual And my wound incurable, refusing to be healed? Will You indeed be to me like a deceptive [stream] With water that is unreliable?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Why is my pain perpetual, and my wound incurable, [which] refuseth to be healed? wilt thou be altogether to me as a liar, [and as] waters [that] fail?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Why is my pain perpetual, and my wound incurable? It refuseth to be healed. Wilt thou be altogether unto me as a treacherous [spring], [as] waters that fail?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, hath my pain become, perpetual? And my wound, incurable? Refuseth to be healed? Wilt thou, indeed be, to me [As a brook] that disappointeth, Waters that cannot be trusted?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Why hath my pain been perpetual? And my wound incurable? It hath refused to be healed, Thou art surely to me as a failing stream, Waters not stedfast.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Why is my sorrow become perpetual, and my wound desperate so as to refuse to be healed? it is become to me as the falsehood of deceitful waters that cannot be trusted.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Why is my paine perpetuall? and my wound incurable [which] refuseth to be healed? wilt thou be altogether vnto me as a lyar, [and as] waters that faile?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Why do they that grieve me prevail against me? my wound is severe; whence shall I be healed? it is indeed become to me as deceitful water, that has no faithfulness.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Why is my pain perpetual, and my wound incurable, [which] refuseth to be healed? wilt thou be altogether unto me as a liar, [and as] waters [that] fail?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Why x4100
(4100) Complement
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
is x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
my pain 3511
{3511} Prime
From H3510; suffering (physical or mental), adversity.
perpetual, 5331
{5331} Prime
From H5329; properly a goal, that is, the bright object at a distance travelled towards; hence (figuratively), splendor, or (subjectively) truthfulness, or (objectively) confidence; but usually (adverbially), continually (that is, to the most distant point of view).
and my wound 4347
{4347} Prime
(Plural only) from H5221; a blow (in 2 Chronicles 2:10, of the flail); by implication a wound; figuratively carnage, also pestilence.
incurable, 605
{0605} Prime
A primitive root; to be frail, feeble, or (figuratively) melancholy.
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
[which] refuseth 3985
{3985} Prime
A primitive root; to refuse.
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
to be healed? 7495
{7495} Prime
A primitive root; properly to mend (by stitching), that is, (figuratively) to cure.
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
wilt thou be altogether 1961
{1961} Prime
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
unto me as x3644
(3644) Complement
A form of the prefix K, but used separately (compare H3651); as, thus, so.
a liar, 391
{0391} Prime
From H3576; falsehood; by implication treachery.
[and as] waters 4325
{4325} Prime
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
[that] fail? 539
{0539} Prime
A primitive root; properly to build up or support; to foster as a parent or nurse; figuratively to render (or be) firm or faithful, to trust or believe, to be permanent or quiet; morally to be true or certain; once (in Isaiah 30:21; by interchange for H0541) to go to the right hand.
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 15:18

_ _ (Jeremiah 30:15). “Pain,” namely, the perpetual persecution to which he was exposed, and his being left by God without consolation and “alone.” Contrast his feeling here with that in Jeremiah 15:16, when he enjoyed the full presence of God, and was inspired by His words. Therefore he utters words of his natural “infirmity” (so David, Psalms 77:10) here; as before he spoke under the higher spiritual nature given him.

_ _ as a liar, and as — rather, “as a deceiving (river) ... waters that are not sure (lasting)”; opposed to “living (perennial) waters” (Job 6:15). Streams that the thirsty traveler had calculated on being full in winter, but which disappoint him in his sorest need, having run dry in the heat of summer. Jehovah had promised Jeremiah protection from his enemies (Jeremiah 1:18, Jeremiah 1:19); his infirmity suggests that God had failed to do so.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 15:15-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 15:18

Why — Jeremiah, though a great prophet, was (as Elijah) a man subject to like passions with other men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 15:18

Why is my pain perpetual, and my wound incurable, [which] refuseth to be healed? wilt thou be altogether to me (r) as a liar, [and as] waters [that] fail?

(r) And have not assisted me according to the promise? In which it appears that in the saints of God is imperfection of faith, which through impatience is often assailed as in (Jeremiah 20:7).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
my pain:

Jeremiah 14:19 Hast thou utterly rejected Judah? hath thy soul lothed Zion? why hast thou smitten us, and [there is] no healing for us? we looked for peace, and [there is] no good; and for the time of healing, and behold trouble!
Psalms 6:3 My soul is also sore vexed: but thou, O LORD, how long?
Psalms 13:1-3 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] How long wilt thou forget me, O LORD? for ever? how long wilt thou hide thy face from me? ... Consider [and] hear me, O LORD my God: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the [sleep of] death;
Lamentations 3:1-18 I [am] the man [that] hath seen affliction by the rod of his wrath. ... And I said, My strength and my hope is perished from the LORD:

my wound:

Jeremiah 30:12 For thus saith the LORD, Thy bruise [is] incurable, [and] thy wound [is] grievous.
Jeremiah 30:15 Why criest thou for thine affliction? thy sorrow [is] incurable for the multitude of thine iniquity: [because] thy sins were increased, I have done these things unto thee.
Job 34:6 Should I lie against my right? my wound [is] incurable without transgression.
Micah 1:9 For her wound [is] incurable; for it is come unto Judah; he is come unto the gate of my people, [even] to Jerusalem.

as a:

Jeremiah 1:18-19 For, behold, I have made thee this day a defenced city, and an iron pillar, and brasen walls against the whole land, against the kings of Judah, against the princes thereof, against the priests thereof, and against the people of the land. ... And they shall fight against thee; but they shall not prevail against thee; for I [am] with thee, saith the LORD, to deliver thee.
Jeremiah 20:7 O LORD, thou hast deceived me, and I was deceived: thou art stronger than I, and hast prevailed: I am in derision daily, every one mocketh me.

and as:

Jeremiah 14:3 And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, [and] found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, and covered their heads.
Job 6:15-20 My brethren have dealt deceitfully as a brook, [and] as the stream of brooks they pass away; ... They were confounded because they had hoped; they came thither, and were ashamed.

Heb. be not sure
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Jb 6:15; 34:6. Ps 6:3; 13:1. Jr 1:18; 14:3, 19; 20:7; 30:12, 15. Lm 3:1. Mi 1:9.

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