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Jeremiah 15:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Can one break iron, even iron from the north, and brass?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Shall iron break the northern iron and the steel?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Can anyone smash iron, Iron from the north, or bronze?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Shall iron break the northern iron and the steel?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Will iron break? iron from the north? and bronze?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Shall, iron, crush, the iron from the North, and the bronze?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Doth one break iron—northern iron, and brass?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Shall iron be allied with the iron from the north, and the brass?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Shall yron breake the Northren yron, and the steele?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Will iron be known? whereas thy strength is a brazen covering.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Shall iron break the northern iron and the steel?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Shall iron 1270
{1270} Prime
Perhaps from the root of H1269; iron (as cutting); by extension an iron implement.
break 7489
{7489} Prime
A primitive root; properly to spoil (literally by breaking to pieces); figuratively to make (or be) good for nothing, that is, bad (physically, socially or morally). (associate selves and show self friendly are by mistake for H7462.).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the northern 6828
{6828} Prime
From H6845; properly hidden, that is, dark; used only of the north as a quarter (gloomy and unknown).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
iron 1270
{1270} Prime
Perhaps from the root of H1269; iron (as cutting); by extension an iron implement.
and the steel? 5178
{5178} Prime
For H5154; copper; hence, something made of that metal, that is, coin, a fetter; figuratively base (as compared with gold or silver).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 15:12

_ _ steel — rather, brass or copper, which mixed with “iron” (by the Chalybes near the Euxine Pontus, far north of Palestine), formed the hardest metal, like our steel. Can the Jews, hardy like common iron though they be, break the still hardier Chaldees of the north (Jeremiah 1:14), who resemble the Chalybian iron hardened with copper? Certainly not [Calvin]. Henderson translates. “Can one break iron, (even) the northern iron, and brass,” on the ground that English Version makes ordinary iron not so hard as brass. But it is not brass, but a particular mixture of iron and brass, which is represented as harder than common iron, which was probably then of inferior texture, owing to ignorance of modern modes of preparation.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 15:10-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 15:12

The northern iron — As the northern iron and steel is the hardest, and no iron could break that, so God having edged and hardened their enemies, the Chaldeans, all opposition to them would signify nothing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 15:12

Shall (n) iron break the northern iron and the steel?

(n) As for the people, though they seemed strong as iron, yet they would not be able to resist the hard iron of Babylon, but would be led captives.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Shall iron:

Jeremiah 1:18-19 For, behold, I have made thee this day a defenced city, and an iron pillar, and brasen walls against the whole land, against the kings of Judah, against the princes thereof, against the priests thereof, and against the people of the land. ... And they shall fight against thee; but they shall not prevail against thee; for I [am] with thee, saith the LORD, to deliver thee.
Jeremiah 21:4-5 Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; Behold, I will turn back the weapons of war that [are] in your hands, wherewith ye fight against the king of Babylon, and [against] the Chaldeans, which besiege you without the walls, and I will assemble them into the midst of this city. ... And I myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and with a strong arm, even in anger, and in fury, and in great wrath.
Job 40:9 Hast thou an arm like God? or canst thou thunder with a voice like him?
Isaiah 45:9 Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! [Let] the potsherd [strive] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
Habakkuk 1:5-10 Behold ye among the heathen, and regard, and wonder marvellously: for [I] will work a work in your days, [which] ye will not believe, though it be told [you]. ... And they shall scoff at the kings, and the princes shall be a scorn unto them: they shall deride every strong hold; for they shall heap dust, and take it.
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Jb 40:9. Is 45:9. Jr 1:18; 21:4. Hab 1:5.

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