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Jeremiah 13:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The cities of the South are shut up, and there is none to open them: Judah is carried away captive, all of it; it is wholly carried away captive.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The cities of the south shall be shut up, and none shall open [them]: Judah shall be carried away captive all of it, it shall be wholly carried away captive.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The cities of the Negev have been locked up, And there is no one to open [them]; All Judah has been carried into exile, Wholly carried into exile.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The cities of the south shall be shut up, and none shall open [them]; Judah shall be carried away captive all of it, it shall be wholly carried away captive.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The cities of the south are shut up, and there is none to open [them]; all Judah is carried away captive: it is wholly carried away captive.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The cities of the South, are shut, And there is none, to open,—Judah, hath been carried away captive, She hath altogether, been carried away captive, in full number.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The cities of the south have been shut up, And there is none opening, Judah hath been removed—all of her, She hath been removed completely—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The cities of the south are shut up, and there is none to open them: all Juda is carried away captive with an entire captivity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The cities of the South shall bee shut vp, and none shall open [them], Iudah shall be caried away captiue all of it, it shall bee wholly caried away captiue.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The cities toward the south were shut, and there was none to open [them]: Judah{gr.Juda} is removed [into captivity], they have suffered a complete removal.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The cities of the south shall be shut up, and none shall open [them]: Yehudah shall be carried away captive all of it, it shall be wholly carried away captive.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The cities 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
of the south 5045
{5045} Prime
נֶגֶב
negeb
{neh'-gheb}
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
shall be shut up, 5462
{5462} Prime
סָגַר
cagar
{saw-gar'}
A primitive root; to shut up; figuratively to surrender.
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
and none x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
shall open 6605
{6605} Prime
פָּתַח
pathach
{paw-thakh'}
A primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically to loosen, begin, plough, carve.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[them]: Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
shall be carried away captive 1540
{1540} Prime
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
z8717
<8717> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 123
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
of it, it shall be wholly 7965
{7965} Prime
שָׁלוֹם
shalowm
{shaw-lome'}
From H7999; safe, that is, (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, that is, health, prosperity, peace.
carried away captive. 1540
{1540} Prime
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
z8717
<8717> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 123
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 13:19

_ _ cities of the south — namely, south of Judea; farthest off from the enemy, who advanced from the north.

_ _ shut up — that is, deserted (Isaiah 24:10); so that none shall be left to open the gates to travelers and merchants again [Henderson]. Rather, shut up so closely by Nebuchadnezzar’s forces, sent on before (2 Kings 24:10, 2 Kings 24:11), that none shall be allowed by the enemy to get out (compare Jeremiah 13:20).

_ _ wholly — literally, “fully”; completely.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 13:12-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 13:19

The cities — The cities of Judah lay southward from Chaldea.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 13:19

The cities of (h) the south shall be shut up, and none shall open [them]: Judah shall be carried away captive all of it, it shall be wholly carried away captive.

(h) That is, of Judah, which lies south of Babylon.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cities:

Jeremiah 17:26 And they shall come from the cities of Judah, and from the places about Jerusalem, and from the land of Benjamin, and from the plain, and from the mountains, and from the south, bringing burnt offerings, and sacrifices, and meat offerings, and incense, and bringing sacrifices of praise, unto the house of the LORD.
Jeremiah 33:13 In the cities of the mountains, in the cities of the vale, and in the cities of the south, and in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, shall the flocks pass again under the hands of him that telleth [them], saith the LORD.
Joshua 18:5 And they shall divide it into seven parts: Judah shall abide in their coast on the south, and the house of Joseph shall abide in their coasts on the north.
Ezekiel 20:46-47 Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [thy word] toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field; ... And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein.

shut:

Deuteronomy 28:52 And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.
Job 12:14 Behold, he breaketh down, and it cannot be built again: he shutteth up a man, and there can be no opening.

Judah:

Jeremiah 39:9 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive into Babylon the remnant of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to him, with the rest of the people that remained.
Jeremiah 52:27 And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive out of his own land.
Leviticus 26:31-33 And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours. ... And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste.
Deuteronomy 28:15 But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee:
Deuteronomy 28:64-68 And the LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, [even] wood and stone. ... And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy [you].
2 Kings 25:21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of their land.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:31. Dt 28:15, 52, 64. Jsh 18:5. 2K 25:21. Jb 12:14. Jr 17:26; 33:13; 39:9; 52:27. Ezk 20:46.

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