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Jeremiah 12:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Is my heritage unto me as a speckled bird of prey? are the birds of prey against her round about? go ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, bring them to devour.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Mine heritage [is] unto me [as] a speckled bird, the birds round about [are] against her; come ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, come to devour.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Is My inheritance like a speckled bird of prey to Me? Are the birds of prey against her on every side? Go, gather all the beasts of the field, Bring them to devour!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— My heritage [is] to me [as] a speckled bird, the birds around [are] against her; come ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, come to devour.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— My heritage is unto me [as] a speckled bird of prey; the birds of prey round about are against her. Go, assemble all the beasts of the field, bring them to devour.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Is it, a variegated bird of prey, that mine inheritance is to me? The birds of prey, are round about against her! Go ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, bring them to devour.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A speckled fowl [is] Mine inheritance to Me? Is the fowl round about against her? Come, assemble, every beast of the field, Come ye for food.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Is my inheritance to me as a speckled bird? is it as a bird dyed throughout? come ye, assemble yourselves, all ye beasts of the earth, make haste to devour.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Mine heritage [is] vnto mee as a speckled bird, the birdes round about [are] against her; come yee, assemble all the beasts of the field, come to deuoure.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Is not my inheritance to me a hyaena's cave, or a cave round about her? Go ye, gather together all the wild beasts of the field, and let them come to devour her.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Mine heritage [is] unto me [as] a speckled bird, the birds round about [are] against her; come ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, come to devour.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Mine heritage 5159
{5159} Prime
נַחֲלָה
nachalah
{nakh-al-aw'}
From H5157 (in its usual sense); properly something inherited, that is, (abstractly) occupancy, or (concretely) an heirloom; generally an estate, patrimony or portion.
[is] unto me [as] a speckled 6641
{6641} Prime
צָבוּעַ
tsabuwa`
{tsaw-boo'-ah}
Passive participle of the same as H6648; dyed (in stripes), that is, the hyena.
bird, 5861
{5861} Prime
עַיִט
`ayit
{ah'-yit}
From H5860; a hawk or other bird of prey.
the birds 5861
{5861} Prime
עַיִט
`ayit
{ah'-yit}
From H5860; a hawk or other bird of prey.
round about 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
[are] against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
her; come y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
ye, assemble 622
{0622} Prime
אסף
'acaph
{aw-saf'}
A primitive root; to gather for any purpose; hence to receive, take away, that is, remove (destroy, leave behind, put up, restore, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the beasts 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
of the field, 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
come 857
{0857} Prime
אָתָה
'athah
{aw-thaw'}
A primitive root (collateral to H0225 contracted); to arrive.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
to devour. 402
{0402} Prime
אָכְלָה
'oklah
{ok-law'}
Feminine of H0401; food.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 12:9

_ _ speckled bird — Many translate, “a ravenous beast, the hyena”; the corresponding Arabic word means hyena; so the Septuagint. But the Hebrew always elsewhere means “a bird of prey.” The Hebrew for “speckled” is from a root “to color”; answering to the Jewish blending together with paganism the altogether diverse Mosaic ritual. The neighboring nations, birds of prey like herself (for she had sinfully assimilated herself to them), were ready to pounce upon her.

_ _ assemble ... beasts of ... field — The Chaldeans are told to gather the surrounding heathen peoples as allies against Judah (Isaiah 56:9; Ezekiel 34:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 12:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 12:9

The birds round about — It is usual for other birds to flock about a strange coloured bird, such as they have not been used to see.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 12:9

My heritage [is] to me [as] a (i) speckled bird, the birds around [are] against her; come ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, come to devour.

(i) Instead of bearing my livery and wearing only my colours, they have change and diversity of colours of their idols and superstitions therefore their enemies as thick as the fowls of the air will come about them to destroy them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Mine:
Or rather, as the learned Bochart renders, "Is then my heritage (people) to me as a fierce hyena? Is there a wild beast all around upon her?" i.e., the land of Canaan. The hyena is a kind of wolf, a little bigger than a mastiff; colour grey, streaked with black. It is of a solitary and savage disposition.

speckled bird:
or, a bird having talons

the birds:

Jeremiah 2:15 The young lions roared upon him, [and] yelled, and they made his land waste: his cities are burned without inhabitant.
2 Kings 24:2 And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants the prophets.
Ezekiel 16:36-37 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thy filthiness was poured out, and thy nakedness discovered through thy whoredoms with thy lovers, and with all the idols of thy abominations, and by the blood of thy children, which thou didst give unto them; ... Behold, therefore I will gather all thy lovers, with whom thou hast taken pleasure, and all [them] that thou hast loved, with all [them] that thou hast hated; I will even gather them round about against thee, and will discover thy nakedness unto them, that they may see all thy nakedness.
Ezekiel 23:22-25 Therefore, O Aholibah, thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will raise up thy lovers against thee, from whom thy mind is alienated, and I will bring them against thee on every side; ... And I will set my jealousy against thee, and they shall deal furiously with thee: they shall take away thy nose and thine ears; and thy remnant shall fall by the sword: they shall take thy sons and thy daughters; and thy residue shall be devoured by the fire.
Revelation 17:16 And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.

come ye:

Jeremiah 7:33 And the carcases of this people shall be meat for the fowls of the heaven, and for the beasts of the earth; and none shall fray [them] away.
Isaiah 56:9 All ye beasts of the field, come to devour, [yea], all ye beasts in the forest.
Ezekiel 39:17-20 And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, [even] a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood. ... Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord GOD.
Revelation 19:17-18 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; ... That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all [men, both] free and bond, both small and great.

come:
or, cause them to come
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2K 24:2. Is 56:9. Jr 2:15; 7:33. Ezk 16:36; 23:22; 39:17. Rv 17:16; 19:17.

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