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Jeremiah 12:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They have sown wheat, and have reaped thorns; they have put themselves to pain, and profit nothing: and ye shall be ashamed of your fruits, because of the fierce anger of Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They have sown wheat, but shall reap thorns: they have put themselves to pain, [but] shall not profit: and they shall be ashamed of your revenues because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “They have sown wheat and have reaped thorns, They have strained themselves to no profit. But be ashamed of your harvest Because of the fierce anger of the LORD.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They have sown wheat, but shall reap thorns: they have put themselves to pain, [but] shall not profit; and they shall be ashamed of your revenues because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They have sown wheat, and they reap thorns; they have put themselves to pain, [and] do not profit. Be ye therefore ashamed of your revenues, because of the fierce anger of Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They sowed, wheat, but, thorns, have they reaped, They have put themselves to pain, they shall not be profited,—Yea turn ye pale at your produce, Because of the glow of the anger of Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— They sowed wheat, and have thorns reaped, They have become sick—they profit not, And they have been ashamed of your increases, Because of the fierceness of the anger of Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They have sown wheat, and reaped thorns: they have received an inheritance, and it shall not profit them: you shall be ashamed of your fruits, because of the fierce wrath of the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They haue sowen wheate, but shall reape thornes: they haue put themselues to paine, [but] shall not profit: and they shall be ashamed of your reuenues, because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Sow wheat, and reap thorns; their portions shall not profit them: be ashamed of your boasting, because of reproach before the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They have sown wheat, but shall reap thorns: they have put themselves to pain, [but] shall not profit: and they shall be ashamed of your revenues because of the fierce anger of Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They have sown 2232
{2232} Prime
זָרַע
zara`
{zaw-rah'}
A primitive root; to sow; figuratively to disseminate, plant, fructify.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
wheat, 2406
{2406} Prime
חִטָּה
chittah
{khit-taw'}
Of uncertain derivation; wheat, whether the grain or the plant.
but shall reap 7114
{7114} Prime
קָצַר
qatsar
{kaw-tsar'}
A primitive root; to dock off, that is, curtail (transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively); especially to harvest (grass or grain).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thorns: 6975
{6975} Prime
קוֹץ
qowts
{kotse}
From H6972 (in the sense of pricking); a thorn.
they have put themselves to pain, 2470
{2470} Prime
חָלָה
chalah
{khaw-law'}
A primitive root (compare H2342, H2490); properly to be rubbed or worn; hence (figuratively) to be weak, sick, afflicted; or (causatively) to grieve, make sick; also to stroke (in flattering), entreat.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
[but] shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
profit: 3276
{3276} Prime
יָעַל
ya`al
{yaw-al'}
A primitive root; properly to ascend; figuratively to be valuable (objective useful, subjective benefited).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
and they shall be ashamed 954
{0954} Prime
בּושׁ
buwsh
{boosh}
A primitive root; properly to pale, that is, by implication to be ashamed; also (by implication) to be disappointed, or delayed.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
of your revenues 8393
{8393} Prime
תְּבוּאָה
t@buw'ah
{teb-oo-aw'}
From H0935; income, that is, produce (literally or figuratively).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
because of the fierce 2740
{2740} Prime
חָרוֹן
charown
{khaw-rone'}
From H2734; a burning of anger.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
anger 639
{0639} Prime
אַף
'aph
{af}
From H0599; properly the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire.
of Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 12:13

_ _ Description in detail of the devastation of the land (Micah 6:15).

_ _ they shall be ashamed of your — The change of persons, in passing from indirect to direct address, is frequent in the prophets. Equivalent to, “Ye shall be put to the shame of disappointment at the smallness of your produce.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 12:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 12:13

Shall not profit — All the works of their hands, all their counsels and deliberations should be of no profit unto them. Because — The fierce anger of God shall be so shewed, that the returns of their labours or estates, the profits of their trades, shall be so small, that they shall be ashamed of them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 12:13

(m) They have sown wheat, but shall reap thorns: they (n) have put themselves to pain, [but] shall not profit: and they shall be ashamed of (o) your revenues because of the fierce anger of the LORD.

(m) That is, the prophets.

(n) They lamented the sins of the people.

(o) For instead of amendment, you grew worse and worse, as God's plagues testified.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sown:

Leviticus 26:16 I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart: and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.
Deuteronomy 28:38 Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, and shalt gather [but] little in; for the locust shall consume it.
Micah 6:15 Thou shalt sow, but thou shalt not reap; thou shalt tread the olives, but thou shalt not anoint thee with oil; and sweet wine, but shalt not drink wine.
Haggai 1:6 Ye have sown much, and bring in little; ye eat, but ye have not enough; ye drink, but ye are not filled with drink; ye clothe you, but there is none warm; and he that earneth wages earneth wages [to put it] into a bag with holes.
Haggai 2:16-17 Since those [days] were, when [one] came to an heap of twenty [measures], there were [but] ten: when [one] came to the pressfat for to draw out fifty [vessels] out of the press, there were [but] twenty. ... I smote you with blasting and with mildew and with hail in all the labours of your hands; yet ye [turned] not to me, saith the LORD.

put:

Jeremiah 3:23-25 Truly in vain [is salvation hoped for] from the hills, [and from] the multitude of mountains: truly in the LORD our God [is] the salvation of Israel. ... We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covereth us: for we have sinned against the LORD our God, we and our fathers, from our youth even unto this day, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God.
Isaiah 30:1-6 Woe to the rebellious children, saith the LORD, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin: ... The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence [come] the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people [that] shall not profit [them].
Isaiah 31:1-3 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because [they are] many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD! ... Now the Egyptians [are] men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.
Isaiah 55:2 Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
Habakkuk 2:13 Behold, [is it] not of the LORD of hosts that the people shall labour in the very fire, and the people shall weary themselves for very vanity?
Romans 6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death.

they:
or, ye
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:16. Dt 28:38. Is 30:1; 31:1; 55:2. Jr 3:23. Mi 6:15. Hab 2:13. Hg 1:6; 2:16. Ro 6:21.

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