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Jeremiah 10:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— O Jehovah, I know that the way of man is not in himself: it is not in man that walketh to direct his steps.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— O LORD, I know that the way of man [is] not in himself: [it is] not in man that walketh to direct his steps.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I know, O LORD, that a man’s way is not in himself, Nor is it in a man who walks to direct his steps.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— O LORD, I know that the way of man [is] not in himself: [it is] not in man that walketh to direct his steps.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I know, Jehovah, that the way of man is not his own; it is not in a man that walketh to direct his steps.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I know, O Yahweh, That, not to a son of earth, pertaineth his own path,—Not, to the man who walketh, also to direct his own steps.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have known, O Jehovah, that not of man [is] his way, Not of man the going and establishing of his step.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I know, O Lord, that the way of a man is not his: neither is it in a man to walk, and to direct his steps.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— O LORD, I know that the way of man [is] not in himselfe: it [is] not in man that walketh, to direct his steps.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I know, O Lord, that man's way is not his own; neither shall a man go, and direct his going.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— O Yahweh, I know that the way of man [is] not in himself: [it is] not in man that walketh to direct his steps.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
O Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
I know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the way 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
of man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
[is] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
in himself: [it is] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
in man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that walketh 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to direct 3559
{3559} Prime
כּוּן
kuwn
{koon}
A primitive root; properly to be erect (that is, stand perpendicular);. hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his steps. 6806
{6806} Prime
צַעַד
tsa`ad
{tsah'-ad}
From H6804; a pace or regular step.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 10:23

_ _ Despairing of influencing the people, he turns to God.

_ _ way of man not in himself — (Proverbs 16:1; Proverbs 20:24; James 4:13, James 4:14). I know, O Jehovah, that the march of the Babylonian conqueror against me (Jeremiah identifying himself with his people) is not at his own discretion, but is overruled by Thee (Isaiah 10:5-7; compare Jeremiah 10:19).

_ _ that walketh — when he walketh, that is, sets out in any undertaking.

_ _ direct ... steps — to give a prosperous issue to (Psalms 73:23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 10:17-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 10:23

It is not — Lord we know it is not in our power to divert these judgments that are coming upon us, but thou canst moderate, and limit them as thou pleasest.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 10:23

O LORD, I know that (p) the way of man [is] not in himself: [it is] not in man that walketh to direct his steps.

(p) He speaks this because Nebuchadnezzar purposed to have made war against the Moabites and Ammonites, but hearing of Zedekiah's rebellion he turned his power to go against Jerusalem, (Ezekiel 21:21) therefore the prophet says that this was the Lord's direction.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 17:5 Hold up my goings in thy paths, [that] my footsteps slip not.
Psalms 37:23 The steps of a [good] man are ordered by the LORD: and he delighteth in his way.
Psalms 119:116-117 Uphold me according unto thy word, that I may live: and let me not be ashamed of my hope. ... Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe: and I will have respect unto thy statutes continually.
Proverbs 16:1 The preparations of the heart in man, and the answer of the tongue, [is] from the LORD.
Proverbs 20:24 Man's goings [are] of the LORD; how can a man then understand his own way?
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